01 european union law and politics

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01 european union law and politics

  1. 1. European Union law and politics<br />Eszter Karoliny<br />
  2. 2. Today<br />Introduction<br />Aboutthiscourse<br />History and evolution of European integration. Basic terms and concepts<br />
  3. 3. Where I come from…<br />
  4. 4. Hungary<br />Magyarország<br />Magyar + ország<br />
  5. 5. BUDAPEST<br />PÉCS<br />
  6. 6. Pécs<br />
  7. 7. University of Pécs, Faculty of Law<br />
  8. 8. English: Eszter Karoliny<br />Hungarian: Karoliny Eszter<br />
  9. 9. Aboutthiscourse<br />What, when, how?<br />
  10. 10. Syllabus<br />Class 1: History and evolution of European integration. Basic terms and concepts. <br />Class 2: The present EU institutional framework. Decision-making processes.<br />Class 3: The EU law. Sources, resources, significance, methods. <br />Class 4: The single market. Freedom of movement. <br />Class 5: EU policies.<br />Class 6: EU in the world: foreign relations<br />Class 7: Mid-term Exam<br />
  11. 11. Syllabus<br />Class 8: EU Law in practice: cases of the Court of Justice of the European Union 1.<br />Class 9: EU Law in practice: cases of the Court of Justice of the European Union 2.<br />Class 10: EU Law in practice: Moot Case 1.<br />Class 11: EU Law in practice: Moot Case 2. <br />Class 12: EU Law in practice: Moot Court. <br />Class 13: EU politics, European politics<br />Class 14: Democracy, citizenship, a European public sphere<br />Class 15: Final Exam<br />
  12. 12. Yourtextbook…<br />The ABC of European Union law<br />Downloaditfrom EU Bookshop<br />Use Internet sources, booksfromthelibrary<br />2009 – major reform of EU institutions, somepolicies<br />
  13. 13. Mootcourt<br />Analyse a fictionalcasebeforethe ECJ<br />YouwillgetthecaseonWednesday<br />2 lessonswithpresentationson ECJ case-law<br />2 preparatorylessons – writtenarguments: applicants, respondents<br />1 MootCourtlesson – oralproceedings<br />Groupwork<br />
  14. 14. EU Court of Justicecaseanalysishomework<br />Ingroups of 3-4 people, read, analyse and present a case of the ECJ<br />Presentationson 12-13 January<br />Youwillgettheassignedcasetomorrow<br />
  15. 15. European culturehomeworktask<br />DownloadUnited indiversity<br />Takea country<br />Identifyasmanypicturesonthe map asyoucan – whoarethey, whatbuildings, whichobjects<br />Whyaretheysignificantforthe country inquestion?<br />Be preparedtotalkaboutitJanuary 19-20-21.<br />
  16. 16. Exams!<br />Open book<br />Shortquestions<br />Easy!<br />
  17. 17. Evaluation<br />Mid term exam 25%, <br />Final exam 30%, <br />Homework Assignments 25%,<br />Cultural<br />ECJ caseanalysis<br />Class Participation (Mootcourt) 20% <br />
  18. 18. Introductory-level course<br />Using legal terms<br />Using political science terms<br />ESL<br />Culture clash!<br />Ask questions!<br />Note new terms!<br />Look up definitions!<br />
  19. 19. Contact<br />atclass<br />karoliny@ajk.pte.hu<br />Facebook<br />http://eulaw-knu.livejournal.com/ <br />…whenindoubt, askquestions!<br />
  20. 20. International organizations?<br />
  21. 21. International organizations<br />History:<br />Co-existence<br />Congresses<br />1815 Rhine Commission<br />1840 World Anti-Slavery Convention<br />1863 Red Cross<br />Transport and communication<br />1919 League of Nations<br />Post WW2<br />United Nations<br />Economic cooperation (Bretton-Woods)<br />GATT<br />International Monetary Fund <br />
  22. 22. Types<br />Membership<br />IGO / NGO<br />Open / limited<br />Function<br />Universal / Specialised<br />Political / Functional<br />Geography<br />Universal / regional / subregional<br />Legal / illegal<br />Intergovernmental / supranational<br />
  23. 23. Creation of IGOs<br />International treaty<br />Constituent treaty<br />
  24. 24. Institutions, organs and bodies<br />Variety of organsforseparatefunctions<br />Plenary<br />Executive<br />Administrative<br />Judicial<br />Parliamentary<br />Creatingorgans<br />Constituenttreaty<br />Subsidiaryorgans<br />
  25. 25. Decision-making<br />Unanimity<br />Consensus<br />Packagedeals<br />Qualifiedmajorityvoting, QMV<br />Weightedvoting<br />Bindingrules – consent<br />
  26. 26. History and evolution of European integration<br />Basic terms and concepts<br />
  27. 27. Europe in geography<br />
  28. 28. Political situation after WWII<br />Allied occupation<br />Casualties<br />Destruction<br />Genocide<br />Many wars, moving borders<br />
  29. 29. Europe, 1914<br />
  30. 30. Europe, 1937<br />
  31. 31. Renewal of ideasof European unity<br />Politicians<br />Philosophers<br />Victor Hugo: United States of Europe<br />1923 Richard Coudenhove-Calegri: Pan-Europe<br />
  32. 32. Europe in the Cold War<br />
  33. 33. New needforintegration<br />Bipolar world<br />Western Europe can only remain an economic or political power via integration<br />Which type?<br />Political<br />Military<br />Economic<br />Common institutions<br />Supranational?<br />
  34. 34. International organizations<br />1948 Benelux union<br />1949 Council of Europe<br />German states established<br />1945-49 socialist regimes in Central Eastern European states<br />1947 Marshall Plan<br />1948 OEEC (1961 OECD)<br />1949 COMECON<br />
  35. 35. Military alliances<br />1949 NATO<br />1955 Warsaw Pact<br />
  36. 36. The idea of a new community<br />All IGOs established are<br />Political cooperation<br />Intergovernmental, if economic<br />Not sufficient to prevent another war<br />1950 Jean Monnet – Robert Schuman<br />
  37. 37. Schuman Plan<br />French-German integration<br />Step-by-step<br />Basis: crucial area for maintaining peace<br />German coal<br />French iron ore<br />Common market, removal of customs, duties: economic benefits<br />Under a single High Authority<br />Open to other countries<br />
  38. 38. European Coal and Steel Community<br />Germany: positive response (Adenauer)<br />Belgium, the Netherlands, Luxembourg<br />Italy<br />United Kingdom: no<br />1951, Paris: Treaty of ECSC signed<br />1952 enters into force<br />
  39. 39. Failed plans<br />Pléven plan: common European defence force<br />European Defence Community<br />European Political Community<br />1954: French Parliament votes no<br />Instead: 1954 Western European Union<br />Collective defence<br />UK + 6<br />
  40. 40. New Communities<br />1955 Messina: conference<br />1956 Paul-Henri Spaak report<br />Atomic energy<br />General common market, customs union<br />1957 Rome <br />Treaty on the European Economic Community (EEC)<br />Treaty on the European Atomic Energy Community (EURATOM)<br />
  41. 41.
  42. 42. Institutional structure<br />
  43. 43. First 15 years<br />Removal of customs and quantitativerestrictionsby 1968 instead of 1970<br />1962 Decisiononintegratingagriculturalmarkets<br />Trade growingrapidlyinCommunity<br />1969-70 plansfor a monetaryunion – no success<br />1965 MergerTreaty: singleinstitutionalframework<br />
  44. 44. Problems<br />1961 UK, Ireland, Denmark, Norway want to join the Communities<br />French President De Gaulle: no<br />1967 again<br />1965 „empty chair policy” <br />No representatives to the Council<br />disagreement over agricultural funding<br />Luxembourg compromise<br />
  45. 45. Enlargement<br />De Gaulle retires<br />1973 UK, Ireland, DenmarkjointheCommunities<br />Norway referendum: no<br />
  46. 46.
  47. 47. 1973-1986<br />Economic crisis (oil)<br />British membership<br />Integration slows<br />1974- Heads of State and Government meet <br />1979 European Monetary System<br />Exchange Rate Mechanism<br />European Currency Unit<br />European Monetary Cooperation Fund<br />1979 first elections to the European Parliament<br />1981 Greece joins<br />1986 Spain and Portugal join<br />
  48. 48.
  49. 49.
  50. 50. Single European Act<br />1986: First general reform of the Treaties<br />Goal: single / internal market by 1992<br />Elimination of physical and technical restrictions <br />Treatyonthe European Union<br />1992: Maastricht<br />Commoncurrency: Euro<br />Politicalunion<br /><ul><li>CommonForeign and Security Policy
  51. 51. Justice and Home Affairs</li></ul>More powertothe EP, more QMV<br />
  52. 52. Pillar structure<br />UNION<br />EC<br />ECSC<br />EURATOM<br />1<br />JHA<br />PJC<br />3<br />CFSP<br />2<br />
  53. 53.
  54. 54. New enlargement<br />1995 Austria, Finland, Sweden, Norway<br />Norway referendum: no<br />
  55. 55.
  56. 56. Treaty of Amsterdam<br />1997: reform notsuccessful<br />New methodsin JHA<br />More powerstothe European Parliament<br />Treaty of Nice<br /><ul><li>2000: reform tosupportenlargement
  57. 57. Fasterdecision-makingprocess
  58. 58. Efficiency
  59. 59. Charter of FundamentalRights</li></li></ul><li>
  60. 60. Big Bang Enlargement<br />2004 CzechRepublic, Hungary, Poland, Slovakia, Slovenia, Estonia, Lithuania, Latvia, Cyprus, Malta<br />
  61. 61.
  62. 62. 2007<br />Romania, Bulgaria<br />
  63. 63.
  64. 64. ConstitutionalTreaty<br />2000: Treaty of Nicenot a long-termsolution<br />Idea: a wholenewtreaty<br />European Convent<br />2003-2004 Treatyestablishing a Constitutionforthe European Union<br />2005 France, Netherlandsvoteno<br />Period of reflection (2005-07)<br />
  65. 65. Treaty of Lisbon<br />Instead: newamendingTreaty<br />2007 Reform Treaty (Lisbon)<br />2008: Irelandvotes no, 2009: new Irish vote<br />December 2009: Lisbon Treaty enters into force<br />New institutions<br />New decision-making rules<br />European Union has legal personality<br />Pillar system abolished<br />
  66. 66.
  67. 67. Resources<br />Europa portal http://europa.eu/<br />European Navigator http://www.ena.lu/<br />EU Bookshop http://bookshop.europa.eu/<br />EUROSTAT http://epp.eurostat.ec.europa.eu<br />EUTube http://www.youtube.com/EUtube<br />
  68. 68. Group work<br />Formgroups of 5-6 people<br />Introduceyourselves!<br />Importantdates of the European Union<br />Writeimportanthappeningsin Korea!<br />History<br />Politics<br />Family<br />Sport<br />
  69. 69. Membership in the EU<br />
  70. 70. MemberStates<br />1952: 6 BeNeLux, Germany, France, Italy<br />1973: 9 Denmark, Ireland, UK<br />1981: 10 Greece<br />1986: 12 Spain, Portugal<br />1995: 15 Austria, Finland, Sweden<br />2004: 25 CzechRepublic, Hungary, Poland, Slovakia, Slovenia, Estonia, Lithuania, Latvia, Cyprus, Malta<br />2007: 27 Bulgaria, Romania<br />
  71. 71. Becoming a MemberState – Treatycriteria<br />Article 2<br />The Union is founded on the values of respect for human dignity, freedom, democracy, equality, the rule of law and respect for human rights, including the rights of persons belonging to minorities. These values are common to the Member States in a society in which pluralism, non-discrimination, tolerance, justice, solidarity and equality between women and men prevail. <br />Article 49<br />Any European State which respects the values referred to in Article 2 and is committed to promoting them may apply to become a member of the Union. <br />Article 50 <br />Any Member State may decide to withdraw from the Union in accordance with its own constitutional requirements.<br />
  72. 72. Agreestoapplyacquiscommunautaire<br />The wholeEU legalsystem, e.g.:<br />FoundingTreaties<br />Regulations, directivesmade bythe EU institutionsetc.<br />AgreementsbetweenMemberStates<br />Case-law of theCourts<br />…<br />
  73. 73. Copenhagen criteria 1993<br />Democratic system of government<br />Recognition of human and minorities’ rights <br />Functioning market economy <br /><ul><li>Readiness on the EU’s part </li></li></ul><li>Membership issues<br />1973, 1995 Norway<br />1986 Greenland<br />1990 Democratic Republic of Germany<br />
  74. 74. Eur-lex – howtofindyourcase?<br />
  75. 75. Fortomorrow<br />

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