PROTECTION BARRIERS INTRODUCTION Biosafety standards are intended to reduce the risk of transmissionof microorganisms from recognized and unrecognized infection inHealth Services accidents linked to exposure to blood and bodyfluids
OBJECTIVES1.The accidentprevention Both Dental Surgeons, Health staff andmeasures of patients are those most at risk of contracting infectious diseases such ashealth personnel AIDS, hepatitis B, tuberculosis, herpesis exposed to virus hominis infections.blood and otherbiological fluids. 2.La conduct tobe followed in anaccident withexposure to theseelements
BIOSECURITY PRINCIPLESA) Universality: B) Use of barriers:This involves considering the Avoid direct exposure towhole person can be blood and other body fluidsinfected. Also, consider allbody fluids as potentially potentially contaminatedpolluting. through the use of suitable materials that may be All staff should routinely brought in contact with them.follow standard precautionsto prevent exposure of theskin and mucous The use of barriersmembranes. (egg gloves) do not prevent accidents, exposure to theseThese precautions should be fluids, but decrease theapplied to all people without consequences of thatexception or distinction. accident.
C) Means of disposalof contaminatedmaterial: Includes the set of devicesand procedures through whichthe materials used in patientcare, are deposited andremoved without risk ofinfection due to mishandling ofthese.
THE DENTAL PRACTICE INFECTION CAN OCCURTHROUGH THE FOLLOWING MECHANISMS: • Splashes of blood or saliva, nasopharyngealsecretions on the skin or • Direct contact with infected mucosa or abraded substance healthy. (injury, blood, saliva). • Contamination by• Direct contact with infected aerosols. contaminated objects.
RECOMMENDATIONS FOR THE TREATMENT OF PATIENTS1 .- HAND WASHING: 2 .- GLOVES 3 .- MASKS It is recommended The mask Its purpose is to remove for clinical protects mainlytransient bacterial examination non- the nasal mucosaflora, reduce resident and sterile disposable and preventsavoid shipping. gloves. aerosol pollution caused by rotary Therefore it is essential For surgical instrumentsto wash hands before and procedures are office.after placement of the recommendedgloves. disposable sterilized. Reusable gloves should be thick and are used only for washing instruments.
4. EYE 5 .- PROFESSIONAL 6 .- ESTERILIZACIÓNACIÓNPROTECTION DRESS AND DISINFECTION OF Prevent eye injuries OFFICE, MATERIALS ANDcaused by particles Includes apron, bib EQUIPMENT:projected onto the and hat. It aims toface of the operator, prevent the The local care shouldwhile protecting introduction of have walls and floors foragainst infection microorganisms into easy cleaning, avoidingwhereas many the work area. It also unnecessary wall or roughgerms of normal oral prevents or porous materials thatflora are contamination of hinder industrial hygieneopportunistic street clothes during practice.pathogens. care in the office.
DISINFECTION:Is, in particular, thedestruction ofmicroorganisms of the To establish sterilization and disinfectioninstrumental work strategies, we must consider factors such as:surfaces or by applying • contact timea chemical agent at a • concentration of the chemicalconcentration and time. • presence of organic matter or mineralsWe consider that on the surface of the instrumentdisinfection includes • nature of the chemical agent in relationonly the removal of to its solubility in watervegetative forms, does • MO type, number and resistance to thenot ensure the agentdestruction of bacterialspores.
CONCLUSIONS• Biosecurity and its rules must be respected by all for the sake of protecting their patients, their partners and their own health, so as to interrupt the chain of transmission of infectious agent and the disease itself.• The challenge of dentistry today is among others to define a working system, equipment and methods that allow you to increase coverage and maintain the necessary and appropriate aseptic.
BIBLIOGRAPHY•MOONEY CANYONING Operative Dentistry Third Edition Mosby /Doyne Books 1995 pp: 185-192• CD Dictionary Mosby Medical, Nursing and Health Sciences 5th.Harcourt Publishing Edition - Spain.• Reference Library Microsoft Encarta Encyclopedia 2004