Oral higiene

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Oral higiene

  1. 1. ORAL HYGIENE What is good oral hygiene? <ul><ul><li>Dental hygiene sweeps waste and germs that cause cavities and periodontal disease (&quot;pyorrhea&quot;). Where a toothbrush can pass effectively and thread, there are no cavities or plaque. </li></ul></ul>Good oral hygiene in a mouth that looks and smells healthy. This means that: <ul><ul><li>Her teeth are clean and free of food debris </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>The gums have pink and do not hurt or bleed while brushing or flossing </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Bad breath is not a constant problem </li></ul></ul>
  2. 2. <ul><li>Dental Hygiene Methods </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Brushing the teeth, gums and tongue. </li></ul></ul><ul><li>2. Aids using dental floss, interdental brush, toothpicks, oral irrigators and interdental stimulator. </li></ul><ul><li>3. Toothpaste or dentifrice. </li></ul><ul><li>4. Chlorhexidine </li></ul>DENTAL HYGIENE
  3. 3. How to Brush Brushing can achieve mechanical control of bacterial plaque dento aims. <ul><ul><li>The toothbrush has three parts: handle, head and bristles. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>1. Remove and prevent bacterial plaque dent. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>2. Clean teeth with debris. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>3. Encourage the gingival tissues. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>4. Provide fluoride to the oral environment through the toothpaste. </li></ul></ul>Mentally divide your mouth into four zones: upper right, upper left, lower right and lower left. Each of these areas should spend at least 30 seconds, two minutes total.
  4. 4. FLOSSING Brushing your teeth is enough to clean the proximal areas, making it necessary to floss afterwards. FLOSS <ul><ul><li>It is a special thread made ​​up of several strands yield, which break upon contact with the tooth surface. </li></ul></ul>INTERDENTAL BRUSH <ul><ul><li>It is a conical shaped brush with spirally arranged fibers. Used only to clean large interproximal spaces. </li></ul></ul>
  5. 5. Dental decay <ul><ul><li>Plaque (bacteria, saliva and food debris) that attaches permanently to the surface of the tooth enamel, first generates acids that destroy the enamel, dentin and then finally to the pulp. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>The latter has blood vessels and nerves if the infection reaches the pulp generates intense pain. </li></ul></ul>
  6. 6. <ul><ul><li>Gingivitis </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Means inflammation of the gums. When gums become inflamed, causing pain and bleed easily. This condition occurs almost always due to poor oral hygiene, bad teeth brushing that allows the development and proliferation of bacteria. </li></ul>PERIODONTAL DISEASE <ul><ul><li>Periodontitis </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Is characterized by progressive destruction of tissues supporting the teeth, including ligament, cementum and alveolar bone </li></ul>
  7. 7. DENTAL SENSIBILITY <ul><ul><li>These stimuli are directly transmitted to the nerve through the dentinal tubules are exposed causing a strong sensation of pain. </li></ul></ul>HALITOSIS <ul><ul><li>Halitosis, or bad breath is a condition that occurs in many. </li></ul></ul>
  8. 8. CONCLUSION For good oral health has to brush their teeth after every meal daily flossing mind.

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