Waste Reduction Programme Future Trend of Hong Kong-Landfills or Incineration? Lam Ka Man, Karman (09422242) Liu Hiu Ming,...
Contents <ul><li>Current problem  </li></ul><ul><li>Current policies </li></ul><ul><li>Features of Landfills & Incineratio...
Disposal of Solid Waste in HK   West New Territories  North East New Territories South East New Territories
FULL FULL 3 existing landfills will be full in 2010 FULL Current Problem Limited place to build other landfills ! EPD, 2009
<ul><li>Target 1: </li></ul><ul><li>Reduce the amount of municipal solid waste (MSW) generated in HK by 1% per annum up to...
2007-08 Policy Address -  A New Direction for Hong Kong - <ul><li>A pressing need to expand 3 landfills </li></ul><ul><li>...
2009-10 Policy Address - Breaking New Ground Together - <ul><li>Extend existing Landfill </li></ul><ul><li>Adopt advanced ...
Other policies <ul><ul><li>3R plan (Recycle, Reuse and Reduction)  </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Polluter/ Producer – Pay Sch...
Landfill VS Incinerator MSW, 2005; EDP 09 Est. $250 million s $432 millions / year (2004)   Running Cost Est $5 billions $...
<ul><li>PEST Analysis </li></ul>
Political Gov <ul><li>Executive-led Government </li></ul><ul><li>No strong bonding with pro-government alliance in Legisla...
Economic EPD, 09 Polluter Pay Scheme recover scrap metals  generate electricity  3R
Social Build Incineration Site selection Air pollution No-Burning Health
Technology Modern Incineration Destroy nearly all dioxin More complete combustion  of solid waste   Generate electricity a...
News Reporter: Mr. Gavin PUN Support construction of incinerator… Suggestion 1:   Media is a good channel!
COPY PASTE! Consult foreign technology and knowledge Invite Experts
R educe R ecycle R euse
Your responsibility
References <ul><li>EPD, 2009 </li></ul><ul><li>http://www.epd.gov.hk/epd/english/environmentinhk/waste/waste_maincontent.h...
The End I  HK
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Public Administration Presentation Waste Reduction Programme[1]

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Public Administration Presentation Waste Reduction Programme[1]

  1. 1. Waste Reduction Programme Future Trend of Hong Kong-Landfills or Incineration? Lam Ka Man, Karman (09422242) Liu Hiu Ming, Ming (09422234) Hong Kong Baptist University Public Administration (POLS 7050)
  2. 2. Contents <ul><li>Current problem </li></ul><ul><li>Current policies </li></ul><ul><li>Features of Landfills & Incineration </li></ul><ul><li>PEST Analysis </li></ul><ul><li>Suggestion </li></ul>
  3. 3. Disposal of Solid Waste in HK West New Territories North East New Territories South East New Territories
  4. 4. FULL FULL 3 existing landfills will be full in 2010 FULL Current Problem Limited place to build other landfills ! EPD, 2009
  5. 5. <ul><li>Target 1: </li></ul><ul><li>Reduce the amount of municipal solid waste (MSW) generated in HK by 1% per annum up to the year 2014. </li></ul><ul><li>Target 2: </li></ul><ul><li>Increase the overall recovery rate of MSW to 45% (2009) and 50% (2014). </li></ul><ul><li>Target 3: </li></ul><ul><li>To reduce the total MSW disposed of in landfills to less than 25% (2014). </li></ul>A policy Framework for the Management of Municipal Solid Waste (2005-2014) 2005-06 Policy Address
  6. 6. 2007-08 Policy Address - A New Direction for Hong Kong - <ul><li>A pressing need to expand 3 landfills </li></ul><ul><li>Try to identify suitable sites for developing Integrated Waste Management Facilities ( IWMF ) </li></ul><ul><li>Incineration as core technology </li></ul>Policy Address 07-08
  7. 7. 2009-10 Policy Address - Breaking New Ground Together - <ul><li>Extend existing Landfill </li></ul><ul><li>Adopt advanced incineration technology </li></ul><ul><li>Conduct impact assessment studies on potential sites for IWMF at Shek Kwu Chau & Tsing Tsui Ash Lagoons in Tuen Mun </li></ul>Policy Address 09-10
  8. 8. Other policies <ul><ul><li>3R plan (Recycle, Reuse and Reduction) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Polluter/ Producer – Pay Scheme </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Levy Scheme on Plastic Bags </li></ul></ul>Policy Address, EDP 2009
  9. 9. Landfill VS Incinerator MSW, 2005; EDP 09 Est. $250 million s $432 millions / year (2004) Running Cost Est $5 billions $6 billions Construction cost Est 10 ha. 270 ha. (3 existing landfills) Area of land used Est 3000 tones/day 16,000 tones/day Solid Waste disposal rate Incinerator Landfill N on-incinerable leftovers after burning Huge area Cannot reuse the land in a short period Find another alternatives once it’s full Disadvantages other than pollution Save cost Decrease 90% Volume of solid waste High technology Handle more solid waste Land Use Methane Advantages
  10. 10. <ul><li>PEST Analysis </li></ul>
  11. 11. Political Gov <ul><li>Executive-led Government </li></ul><ul><li>No strong bonding with pro-government alliance in Legislative Council </li></ul><ul><li>Low bargaining power to Legislative member , environmentalists </li></ul>Mr Howard LIU, ED, Greenpeace We will never accept any kind of incineration! Green, UBEAT, HKCU 2008
  12. 12. Economic EPD, 09 Polluter Pay Scheme recover scrap metals generate electricity 3R
  13. 13. Social Build Incineration Site selection Air pollution No-Burning Health
  14. 14. Technology Modern Incineration Destroy nearly all dioxin More complete combustion of solid waste Generate electricity and recover scrap metal EPD, 09
  15. 15. News Reporter: Mr. Gavin PUN Support construction of incinerator… Suggestion 1: Media is a good channel!
  16. 16. COPY PASTE! Consult foreign technology and knowledge Invite Experts
  17. 17. R educe R ecycle R euse
  18. 18. Your responsibility
  19. 19. References <ul><li>EPD, 2009 </li></ul><ul><li>http://www.epd.gov.hk/epd/english/environmentinhk/waste/waste_maincontent.html </li></ul><ul><li>Policy Address 05-06, MSW Framework </li></ul><ul><li>http://www.epd.gov.hk/epd/msw/htm_en/executive/main.htm </li></ul><ul><li>Policy Address 07/08 </li></ul><ul><li>http://www.policyaddress.gov.hk/07-08/eng/p47.html </li></ul><ul><li>Policy Address 09/10 </li></ul><ul><li>http://www.policyaddress.gov.hk/09-10/eng/p69.html </li></ul><ul><li>Green, UBEAT, HKCU 2008 </li></ul><ul><li>http://www.com.cuhk.edu.hk/ubeat/010444/green.htm </li></ul>
  20. 20. The End I HK

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