From the Falster FarmPerspective that is . . .www.falsterfarm.com
Karl & Nancy Falster Today I’m hoping I can transfer a few things I have learned about the honey bee and a bit about how honey bees live in our part of North America. If this is your first time to meet us, we are a small family farm practicing the old methods of slow growing and slow cooking in the Nourishing Traditions style. Keeping bees was 1st a hobby, then an avocation, in fact I have been playing with bees since 1979.Like many farms of the pre-1950’s we also keep a few stands of bees on our farm. Ourhobby farm went wild in 2003 as Falster Farm went international with it’s MiniatureHereford and mini Jerseys. As part of our farming practice we raise our beeves onpasture and finish them on clover – East Texas Ball clover. Customers visiting would seeour Honey Bees following the mini Herefords finishing on clover; so, 1st we were sellinghoney on the farm, then a short class or two, some consultation calls, then a class onMead making, Farmers Market, and then a couple of retail outlets.
We even remove bees from structures. This has been a most interesting year for that.
Also, I am a Bee Hunter, and that’s been a part of my whole life.
Agricultural Propagation/Pollination of Fruits & Veggies Table Honey on Biscuits, Breads, Pan Cakes, Cereals – just plain old honey Health Supplements • 1. Relieve Hangovers. Had a little too much fun last night? A few tablespoons of honey, which is packed with fructose, will help speed up your body’s metabolism of alcohol. • 2. Heal Wounds, Cuts, Scrapes & Burns. Don’t reach for the Neosporin the next time you cut or burn yourself — simply apply honey to the affected area. Honey works as a natural antiseptic. • 3. Soothe Sore Throats and Coughs. Combine honey with the juice of one lemon and drink. It works like a wonder! • 4. Remove Parasites. Hopefully you’ll never have to use this trick, but if you do, combine equal parts honey, vinegar and water and drink. The combination of these three ingredients is the perfect parasite killer • 5. Moisturize Dry Skin. Honey is a fantastic moisturizer, especially on dry patches, like your elbows or hands — even your lips! Rub onto your dry, patchy skin and let it sit for about 30 minutes before washing off. Honey also makes a great lip balm! • 6. Condition Damaged Hair. Honey is a great natural conditioner. You can simply add a teaspoon of the stuff to your regular shampoo to smooth your damaged locks. You can also combine it with olive oil for a deeper conditioning. Let it soak for 20 minutes with your hair wrapped in a towel before shampooing as usual. • 7. Have an Amazing Bath. Relax your body and soak your skin in a soothing bath. Add 2 tablespoons of honey to 1 cup of hot water and let it dissolve for about 10 minutes. Add 2 or 3 drops of lavender Young Living essential oil and add it to your bath. • 8. Remove Acne. Stubborn acne can really benefit from a small daily dab of honey. Place a band-aid over the pimple, and take it off 30 minutes later. • 9. Give Yourself a Facial. Combine 2 teaspoons of milk with 2 tablespoons of honey. Cover your face with the mixture and let it sit for 10 minutes before washing off. • 10. Boost Your Energy. Quit turning to coffee for your daily energy boost! Replace your cup of Joe with a cup of tea. Mix in a tablespoon or so of honey. • 11. Substitute Honey for Sugar in Baking. For every cup of sugar a recipe calls for, replace it with 3/4 cup of honey. For best results, add 1/4 teaspoon of baking soda and reduce another liquid in your recipe by 1/4 cup. Also, reduce the oven temperature by 25 degrees. • 12. Make Infused Honeys. Why have plain old regular honey when you can have ginger lime honey or hot pepper honey?! • 13. Make Almond Milk from Scratch. • 14. Make Honey Wine from Scratch . . . The Alcoholic Beverage of the Ages – MEAD!
Bees Constitute a number of families with some 20,00 species.They possess the most astonishing knowledge of engineeringand architecture in the animal kingdom, stand out from many other creatures in termsof their social lives, and amaze all who study their means of communication. Life in the colony, much more so than ants and wasps, is based on successfullycooperating with the other bees in the hive. Unlike almost all other creatures theirsexuality is very much repressed. With honey bees it is always the case that very few females (Queens) take care of thepropagation of the species. So the love of all the bees is focused on that one individual andher messages to them – messages that direct the general aspect of the colony. The worker bee goes to the love life of the plant kingdom (flowers) and carries that lovewhich lives in the flowers into the hive. Therefore, the living element of this thriving,germinating love that is spread out over the flowers of the fields is also contained in thehoney that the bees make and we eat or drink. Life in the hive is a life lived in twilight, a life of security and desire for union andoneness in seclusion. The worker’s short life accomplishes cleaning and warming brood,feeding of others, producing wax, building comb, transporting food within the hive, guardduty at the entrance, visiting the flowers of the field and sucking up nectar into their honeystomach and regurgitating it when she returns to the hive, then communicating to otherswhere that nectar or pollen source resides in relation to the current position of the sun – thecosmos.
Three types of Individuals: Queen TYPICAL COLONY 1 Queen Workers 200 – 80,000 Workers 0 – 5000 Drones Drones
We observe that the Honey Bee is a creature more directly influenced by the sun than any other. There are three types of bees with three different time periods of development to maturity: 16 days for the Queen, 21 days for the Worker, 22 – 24 days for the Drone. The sun needs as much time to rotate on its axis as it takes the drone to mature. The Queen on the other hand doesn’t wait a full rotation – she stays completely within the realm of a single rotation. By doing so, the queen places itself entirely under the influence of the sun, which then allows it to become fertile egg producing. So everything that is connected with the capacity to lay fertilized honey bee eggs is under the influence of the Sun, also in respect to the entire cosmos. The more the sun rotates to its complete rotation the more the larvae is thrown toward the earth influence, such as the worker, though very much a sun creature, it is closer to the earth influence than the Queen. And , the Drone, maturing outside the complete Solar rotation has freed itself of the Suns influence altogether. So we have three sorts of honey bees to look at – the Sun Queen; the Worker, which still has some extra earthly powers; and the Drone which has nothing at all of the Sun’s effects and is completely an earth creature. Everything normally taking place with the honey bee is not influenced by the earth – as you will see only fertilization.
Really hard to say as the elements areso interdependent for form andsubstance:Colony in the round - formed from thewax, nectar, pollen. Six-Sided cells of workers and dronesmost economical way to cover a givenspace. The queen lays her eggs in a circle. The comb itself takes on a beautifulheart shape which is under the influenceof the rounding law of hanging chains.
The round queen cell hangingvertically from day one – fortified andcomplemented by royal jellythroughout the larval stage, are thenecessary components to make a realqueen.She is the ruler of the dark domain, inthe most noble sense she is a servantall her life. Usually mates onceaccumulating enough semen to lastseveral years, producing many 100’s ofthousands offspring. Italian Queen and her court.
Egg and first stage larva laid dead center & Horizontal! Off center indicates a laying worker and loss of the real queen. (This is a good place for you to ask me a tough question.) Larvae of different ages. The white material in the bottom of the cell is food secreted by adult workers. Older larvae with cells being capped Worker pupae - changing to the adult. An emerging adult.
Born in a 6 sided horizontal cell Are the bulk of the colony’s population Suppress their sexuality Perform all duties and labor for maintenance of the colony Produces the wax that the colony is built on.
Nest (comb) construction: workers build the comb which forms the internal structure of the hive. The comb is made from beeswax, a natural secretion sweated out in thin, wafer like, almost, translucent white plates through glands on the underside abdomen of worker bees: that has been considered sacred in almost every culture throughout history. It takes nearly a million of these platelets to make up a deep frame of honeycomb – making it the most valuable aspect of the hive. 5-8 pounds of honey imbibed to make a pound of wax!
Maintenance of the nest: Bees are careful about nest hygiene; clean cells before reuse, and remove debris and dead bees.Fanning & Guards: Workers are responsible for Environmental control. They will fan at the entrance to circulate fresh air into the hive if carbon dioxide levels get too high or if temperatures rise above acceptable levels. Acceptable temps maintained by bees are cold-blooded animals and lack automatic control of their body temperature. They have only behavioral control of temperature, but nevertheless maintain the hive at 90 F regardless of the outside temperature! When too cold, bees contract their flight muscles repeatedly without moving their wings; this behavior generates heat. They are ready to fend off ANY intruder.
Most modern farmers think that animals and insects are just wondering generalities, but nothing could be further from the truth. Bees know the smell of their colony and anything not imbibed with the smell of their hive will be attacked . . . If an intruder smells foreign then its likely that the bees in your hive will try to kill them by balling up and smothering them to death, and /or stinging them. Be they mice, roaches, wasps, or the new queen you want to introduce. They will then remove it from the hive, if too large they will move it to a corner and encase it in Propolis. . . The casement gum of the hive imbibed with marvelous healing components for those who chew it.
Pollenis carried on the hind legs of the worker when foraging. Pollen is stored in cells and serves as the source of proteins, fats and minerals.
Collection, Handling and Storage of Food: Bees collect nectar and pollen from flowers as food. Nectar is carried internally in the honey stomach. Pollen is picked up by the special body hairs as a bee visits a flower. Nectar is converted into honey by workers in the hive. When the honey is ripe and the cells have been filled, the workers cap the cells with a wax capping. Falster Honey is deep and golden
Labor Activities of Workers How does a Bee know what to do?How did the pupa turn into a bee? How did the growth stages of the bee first emerge? Who or what defined that process? Was it the bee itself-or chance, as evolutionists would have us believe-or a more powerful force than either of these?The answer to these questions is clear. It is absurd to claim that the insect inside the cocoon could carry out the necessary changes within itself, in full knowledge of what it will need in the outside world. Its totally out of the question for the eye or digestive system, or substances such as enzymes and hormones, to form inside a pupa that develops as a result of happenstance changes in itself. Neither can there be any question of an external intervention in the pupa.During the pupal stage, neither chance nor the bee itself enables the perfect completion of each of the bees organs, with all the functions they will require. Such a flawless development can only be performed by a superior and matchless Power - God, who is matchless in creation.Every bee emerges from the cell with all its bodily structures fully formed. Neither happenstance nor the bee itself can bring this about.
The Queen is the unique and most important individual in the colony. The lady of six legs. The perfect formation of the wax is to a large part directed by the Queen or the result of her genes. Clustering of brood and pollen is directed by the Queen . . .
Without the presence of a Queen a colony cannot function normally. • Disperse/abscond, or develop a laying queen situation. Observation of the Queens egg laying patterns are an important part of beekeeping; one of the basic goals of good management is to assess the quality of the Queen, and to a degree control and promote her. • Queen Excluder • Supplemental Feeding of Honey and Lemon Grass Oils • BioDynamic Remedies
Supersedure is the process by which an old queen bee is replaced by a new queen. Supersedure may be initiated due to old age of a queen or a diseased or failing queen. As the queen ages her pheromone output diminishes. Supersedure may be forced by a beekeeper. When a new queen is available, the workers will kill the reigning queen by "balling" her, This method is also used to kill large predatory wasps that enter the hive and may be used against a foreign queen attempting to take over an Develops from a fertilized egg or young existing colony. Balling is often a problem for beekeepers attempting to female larva (emergency Queen.) introduce a replacement queen. Queens are reared in special cells – If a queen suddenly dies the workers will flood several cells, where a larva round, not hexagonal – hanging has just emerged, with royal jelly. The vertically, not horizontally. young larva floats on the royal jelly. The worker bees then build a larger queen Queen larvae are fed a diet of ―Royal cell from the normal sized worker cell Jelly‖ and it protrudes vertically from the face Cell capped on day 5, larva spins of the brood comb. cocoon
Completes development and emerges after about 15 1/2 to 16 days after the egg was laid. Announces her advent by a series of piping notes (challenge, call to arms?) Seeks out rivals and cuts that rival’s cell, or two emerging queens will fight to the death. Yes both may die. Initiates mating flights at 5-6 days of age She flies as high as she can so that only the strongest can get to her.Two Virgin Queens in Death Struggle
Males: larger than workers, large eyes, no stingers •Hatch from unfertilized eggs, reared in larger cells, longer development time (24 days) Only function is reproductive Reach sexual maturity at about 12 days of age and initiate mating flights Virgin queens leave the hive to mate, seeking males at drone congregation areas. Mating occurs in flight. Drone congregation areas remain stable over a period of years. Drones not reared all year - only spring and summer Number of drones dependent on colony strength and condition Drones ―kicked-out‖ in Fall
Well, before you get head over heels involved in beekeeping just remember you don’t have to buy all the fancy stuff. Start out with the minimal:1. a beekeeping beginners class,2. smoker,3. hive tool,4. hat and veil,5. a hive with a super or two,6. a package of bees,7. and a proper sense of clarity and calmness.Things will probably go just as well for you as a minimal beekeeper! You’ll get the honey, the fun and fascination.
Successful beekeeping is more easy when it is born in the classroom. 30 - 40 years ago, beekeeping was easier since there were no mites, small hive beetles, CCD etc. Now-a-days, an educated beekeeper is a more successful beekeeper. It is vital to attend a beekeeping class taught by an experienced beekeeper with good credentials. AND, if available, attend and support a bee keepers club. But remember most everyone has an axe to grind in this hobby / commercial enterprise. So keep your mind open.
My Bees Know My PresenceSense My EssenceThey Can’t See Me – They Taste MeLike Cattle Horses and Dogs
There is nothing sacred about the hive design. 1st were tile like made from dung, pottery, skips from Caped woven straw, Honey Brood Nest
Modern Top Bar Hives Andrew Harris working his Top Bar Hives in the Shade.
Thestandard Langstroth bee hive consists of a variable number of hive bodies, wooden frames to hold comb, a bottom board and a cover.
Purchase a package. You can catch a swarm, or
The Modern Spinning Extractor replaced the warm drip/gravity and squeeze sponge process. Keeps the wax useable for next round. Simplifies volume Yields of the honey, much less messy . . . If that means anything to you.
Goes in the Top – Spins around –comes out the Bottom . . .
Raw Unprocessed - All Natural - Honey We use interesting bottles we can find. Winnsboro Farmers Market To make our Hobby Pay for Itself.
Cover um up,These bees were upset? load um up,Pompeii used them in move home.war.
1. 2. 12/20/10 - Dusk3 4.. My Original 1979 8 Frame Cypress Hive Body 5.
Knowing the natural rhythms of your bees is essential for staying safe. If you take the time to consider a few things before working the hive, your bee work is bound to be enjoyable. Choose a day that is bright, sunny and warm. High Barometric Pressure. Thunderclouds or storms are to be avoided. Working the hive on a colder day can be dangerous for the bees. Honeybees begin to cluster for warmth if the temperature drops below about 57 degrees. Getting to know your bees is essential. The mood of the bees changes from day to day. If you open the hive and the bees seem agitated, lined up on the bars in guard formation, you can always close the hive and come back another day. Has a car, lawn mower or weed eater been by recently to get them excited? Because scents and pheromones are so important to life in a bee colony, they also are an easy way to cause a defensive response. When you’re on the way to visit your bees, avoid fragrances (hair products, perfumes, aftershave or deodorant.) I use essential oils to calm myself down, and chewing tobacco. I move slow and easy-like to keep a calm demeanor. I focus on the bees -- in my mind as well as my body. I avoid being distracted by my wife and children. Stand out of the flyway. Let a little smoke get on you too, if they are flying on you. Use your hive tool and grip methodically. Use as little smoke as you need, lay it on the frames – not blowing down the alleys. Calm, sure movements are best. Stay relaxed. Don’t work too fast or with quick jerky movements. Bees are sensitive to vibrations, so bumping or banging on the hive can set off their defensive response You are going to get stung . . . By accident or on purpose, always try to make it an accidental occurrence.
From the Falster FarmPerspective that is . . .www.falsterfarm.com