Neurotransmitters On Synapse

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Neurotransmitters On Synapse

  1. 1. Neurotransmitters on Synapse<br />By: Karla Irenisse Velazquez Soto<br />RISE Program<br />
  2. 2. Chemical Synapse<br /><ul><li>Allow neurons to form circuits within the central nervous system.
  3. 3. Allow the nervous system to connect to and control other systems of the body.
  4. 4. A typical neuron gives rise to several thousand synapses.</li></li></ul><li>Chemical Synapses Connections<br /><ul><li>Axons to dendrites
  5. 5. Axon to cell body
  6. 6. Axon to Axon
  7. 7. Dendrite to dendrite</li></li></ul><li>Neurotransmitters<br /><ul><li>Molecule synthesized by Neurons
  8. 8. Produce an Change in the Action Potential
  9. 9. Voltage pulses like waves</li></li></ul><li>Neurotransmitters<br />
  10. 10. Neurotransmitters<br />
  11. 11. Neuronal Signaling<br />
  12. 12. Psychostimulant Abuse<br /><ul><li>Serious social and health problem, for which no effective treatments currently exist
  13. 13. Including dopamine (DA), (GABA), glutamate, opioid and serotonin</li></li></ul><li>Psychostimulant Abuse<br /><ul><li>Dopamine (DA) Hypothesis
  14. 14. Cocaine, amphetamine, opiates, nicotine, marijuana or ethanol; increase extracellular DA
  15. 15. Intravenously or locally into brain DA loci
  16. 16. Abuse being within electrical stimulation
  17. 17. Manipulation of DA transmission in the reward circuitry of the brain</li></li></ul><li>Psychostimulant Abuse<br /><ul><li>Gardner
  18. 18. D1 and D2 receptors inhibiting by THP (Chinese Herb)
  19. 19. Spector
  20. 20. Immunostimulant Levamisole substituting morphine and codeine
  21. 21. Olive
  22. 22. Glutamate overlearning </li>

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