Here and Now  or  Coming in the Future ? eLearning in Continuing Education in Africa James Kariuki Njenga
Layout <ul><li>Introduction </li></ul><ul><li>Here and now </li></ul><ul><li>Coming in the future </li></ul><ul><li>Benefi...
Introduction <ul><li>The ICT revolution </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Changing terminologies </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Brick ...
Here and now
Coming in the future
CHALLENGES
<ul><li>Power remains one of the most expensive cost manufacturing firms bear in Africa accounting to over 50% of the prod...
<ul><li>Overall, infrastructure is underdeveloped in most rural areas in Africa. </li></ul><ul><li>The cost of communicati...
“ an average university in Africa has no more bandwidth than the amount found in a residential connection in Europe or the...
<ul><li>Africa has conservative and restrictive policies  that serve as hindrances to the use of eLearning or technologies...
Most of our university’s top management are living in the past. Until they accept the use of technology for teaching and l...
Lack of skilled manpower in Africa in the use of eLearning means: Hindrance to its use Lack or limited research in eLearni...
Challenges (n) <ul><li>Cultural identity </li></ul><ul><li>Economic vulnerability </li></ul><ul><li>Westernization  </li><...
BENEFITS
Producing the workforce of today and tomorrow Creation of networks of professionals extending boundaries
<ul><li>Flexibility </li></ul><ul><li>Content and delivery </li></ul><ul><li>Pace </li></ul><ul><li>Place </li></ul><ul><l...
<ul><li>Creation of repositories of intellectual and human capital </li></ul><ul><li>CC </li></ul><ul><li>OER </li></ul><u...
Increased interactivity, support and communication. Address the demand of Higher education
Strategies for the future <ul><li>Formation of networks </li></ul><ul><li>Fostering relationships between HEIs, students a...
Questions/Thank You <ul><li>James Kariuki Njenga </li></ul><ul><li>Lecturer & eLearning Consultant </li></ul><ul><li>Depar...
Sources of images/photos <ul><li>Coffee makers: http://www.flickr.com/photos/lotzman </li></ul><ul><li>Coffee Dispenser: h...
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Here and Now or Coming in the Future? eLearning in Continuing Education in Africa

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Here and Now or Coming in the Future? eLearning in Continuing Education in Africa

  1. 1. Here and Now or Coming in the Future ? eLearning in Continuing Education in Africa James Kariuki Njenga
  2. 2. Layout <ul><li>Introduction </li></ul><ul><li>Here and now </li></ul><ul><li>Coming in the future </li></ul><ul><li>Benefits of eLearning for CE </li></ul><ul><li>Challenges of eLearning in Africa </li></ul><ul><li>Discussion </li></ul>
  3. 3. Introduction <ul><li>The ICT revolution </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Changing terminologies </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Brick and mortar, click and learn, brick and click </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Will we still be calling it eLearning in 2050 </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Do we have correspondence education? Digital cameras? </li></ul></ul></ul>
  4. 4. Here and now
  5. 5. Coming in the future
  6. 6. CHALLENGES
  7. 7. <ul><li>Power remains one of the most expensive cost manufacturing firms bear in Africa accounting to over 50% of the productions costs in some countries. </li></ul><ul><li>Africa has the least electrification rate in the world, at 24% compared to the world average of 73% with many rural areas still uncovered by the main grids since 10% of the population covered is in urban and industrial centers </li></ul><ul><li>But even then, the majority in urban centers in Africa are poor. </li></ul>
  8. 8. <ul><li>Overall, infrastructure is underdeveloped in most rural areas in Africa. </li></ul><ul><li>The cost of communication, and communication technologies is prohibitive in Africa. </li></ul>
  9. 9. “ an average university in Africa has no more bandwidth than the amount found in a residential connection in Europe or the United States” that is always strained; pays on average 50 times more than a typical US university per Kbps/month ; and the quality is low without firm commitments of policy from the internet providers of guaranteed uptimes - (Hawkins, 2007) Source: Internet World Stats, 2008
  10. 10. <ul><li>Africa has conservative and restrictive policies that serve as hindrances to the use of eLearning or technologies that promote eLearning </li></ul><ul><li>HEIs in Africa to address policy issues </li></ul><ul><ul><li>creating proactive and reactive policies </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>manage uncritical acceptance </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Manage the techno-economic and socio-systems paradigms </li></ul></ul><ul><li>What constitutes access to technology for teaching and learning? </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Time? </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Distance? </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Population? </li></ul></ul>
  11. 11. Most of our university’s top management are living in the past. Until they accept the use of technology for teaching and learning, we are going nowhere The new teaching and learning paradigms calls for a complete “shift” of the way we teach and learn
  12. 12. Lack of skilled manpower in Africa in the use of eLearning means: Hindrance to its use Lack or limited research in eLearning in (for) Africa <ul><li>The implications of these are: </li></ul><ul><li>The majority who are in need and cannot afford are left out </li></ul><ul><li>Limited enrolments </li></ul><ul><li>HE is limited to low cost, low quality education programs </li></ul><ul><li>HEIs getting involved in uncoordinated infrastructural development that end up being too costly </li></ul>
  13. 13. Challenges (n) <ul><li>Cultural identity </li></ul><ul><li>Economic vulnerability </li></ul><ul><li>Westernization </li></ul><ul><li>modernity </li></ul><ul><li>Authenticity </li></ul><ul><li>contextualization </li></ul>
  14. 14. BENEFITS
  15. 15. Producing the workforce of today and tomorrow Creation of networks of professionals extending boundaries
  16. 16. <ul><li>Flexibility </li></ul><ul><li>Content and delivery </li></ul><ul><li>Pace </li></ul><ul><li>Place </li></ul><ul><li>Time </li></ul>Easy management of learning and the learning process
  17. 17. <ul><li>Creation of repositories of intellectual and human capital </li></ul><ul><li>CC </li></ul><ul><li>OER </li></ul><ul><li>Copyleft </li></ul><ul><li>Educommons etcs </li></ul>Improved retention, motivation and completion rates****
  18. 18. Increased interactivity, support and communication. Address the demand of Higher education
  19. 19. Strategies for the future <ul><li>Formation of networks </li></ul><ul><li>Fostering relationships between HEIs, students and their environments </li></ul><ul><li>Dealing with human resources </li></ul><ul><li>Proper coordination and formation of flexible funding models </li></ul>
  20. 20. Questions/Thank You <ul><li>James Kariuki Njenga </li></ul><ul><li>Lecturer & eLearning Consultant </li></ul><ul><li>Department of Information Systems </li></ul><ul><li>University of the Western Cape, </li></ul><ul><li>Private Bag X17, Bellville 7535, South Africa </li></ul><ul><li>Tel: +27 21 959 3243 </li></ul><ul><li>Cell: +27 72 037 3284 </li></ul><ul><li>email: jkariuki@uwc.ac.za, jkariuki@gmail.com </li></ul><ul><li>blog: http://elearningfundi.blogspot.com </li></ul><ul><li>http://www.elearningfundi.net </li></ul>
  21. 21. Sources of images/photos <ul><li>Coffee makers: http://www.flickr.com/photos/lotzman </li></ul><ul><li>Coffee Dispenser: http://www.flickr.com/photos/sanjoy </li></ul><ul><li>Maasai girls: http://www.flickr.com/photos/gbaku </li></ul><ul><li>Wooden Pillows: http://www.flickr.com/photos/emdot </li></ul><ul><li>Mobile Phone with Money: http://www.flickr.com/photos/whiteafrican/ </li></ul><ul><li>Children & Bicycle: http://www.flickr.com/photos/ryanh </li></ul><ul><li>Green Rift Valley: http://www.flickr.com/photos/ditzygirl/ </li></ul><ul><li>Kenya Money: http://www.flickr.com/photos/genvessel/576376009/ </li></ul><ul><li>Kenyans Queue: http://www.flickr.com/photos/44222307@N00/2142803363/ </li></ul><ul><li>Ugali and Cabbage: http://www.flickr.com/photos/bitterjug/2248918702/ </li></ul><ul><li>electricity poles: http://www.flickr.com/photos/reinis/259842877/ </li></ul><ul><li>Coffee cup: http://www.flickr.com/photos/markhillary/3022024974/ </li></ul><ul><li>Computer desk: http://www.flickr.com/photos/amagill/22651487/sizes/l/ </li></ul><ul><li>One Laptop a Child: http://www.flickr.com/photos/olpc/2596796905/ </li></ul><ul><li>Antennas: http://www.flickr.com/photos/alex-photos/411570259/ </li></ul><ul><li>Out of Order: http://www.flickr.com/photos/shelbychicago/2105806003/ </li></ul><ul><li>Old Administration: http://www.flickr.com/photos/takomabibelot/2354914078/ </li></ul><ul><li>This side Up: http://www.flickr.com/photos/jamescridland/410034254/ </li></ul><ul><li>African Dance: http://www.flickr.com/photos/clav/2798044428/ </li></ul><ul><li>Networks: http://www.flickr.com/photos/thefangmonster/352439602/ </li></ul><ul><li>Night computer: http://www.flickr.com/photos/smittenkittenoriginals/2984703872/ </li></ul><ul><li>Network development: http://www.flickr.com/photos/stevenraymondparker/290276458/ </li></ul><ul><li>The Runners: http://www.flickr.com/photos/waechor/263986663/ </li></ul><ul><li>Demand and supply: http://www.flickr.com/photos/mikeblogs/271068829/ </li></ul>

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