Amazing Facts About India
India is the world's largest, oldest, continuous civilization.
•India is the world's Largest democracy.
•India never invaded any country in her last 1000 years of history.
•India invented the number system. Zero was invented by Aryabhatta.
•Sanskrit is the mother of all the European Languages . Sanskrit is the most suitable language for computer software - a report in Forbes
magzine July 1987.
•Chess (Shataranja or AshtaPada) was invented in India.
•India is one of the few countries in the world, which gain independence without violence.
•India has the second largest pool of Scientist and Engineers in the World.
•India is the largest English speaking nation in the world.
•India is the only country other than US and Japan, to have built a super computer indeigenously.
•India has the largest number of Post Offices in the world.
Karisma Scaria 3
Amazing Facts About India
•One of the largest employer in the world is the Indian Railways , employing over a million people
•India was one of the richest countries till the time of British rule in the early 17th Century.
Christopher Columbus, attracted by India's wealth, had come looking for a sea route to India when he
discovered America by mistake.
•The Vishnu Temple in the city of Tirupathi built in the 10th century, is the world's largest religious
pilgrimage destination. Larger than either Rome or Mecca, an average of 30,000 visitors donate $6
million (US) to the temple everyday.
•Varanasi, also known as Benaras, was called "the Ancient City" when Lord Buddha visited it in 500
B.C., and is the oldest, continuously inhabited city in the world today.
•Martial Arts were first created in India, and later spread to Asia by Buddhist missionaries.
•Yoga has its origins in India and has existed for over 5,000 years.
Karisma Scaria 4
• The Lungi:
The traditional lungi originated in the south and today it is worn by men and women alike. It is simply a short length of material worn around the thighs rather like a sarong.
• The Dhoti:
A dhoti is a longer lungi but with an additional length of material pulled up between the legs.
• The Sherwani:
A coat like garment, worn by men, fitted close to the body, of knee-length or longer and opening in front with button-fastenings. Below the men wear a garment for the lower part of the body, baggy and wide at
the top tied with a string at the waist, and tight around the legs and ankles. It is a very elegant dress for the men and mostly worn during ceremonies. Many Indian men wear sherwanis for their weddings. This
sherwani is known as bridal sherwani. Bridal sherwani is made of silk and has delicate embroidery.
• The traditional Kurta-Pyjama:
Kurta is a long comfortable garment, worn with a set of Pajamas, generally accompanied by embroidery. An Informal way of dressing in India, but can also be formal depending on the design. Available in
variety of cuts and colors.
The Kurta or the top is a knee length collarless shirt, which is adorned, in mostly white or pastel colors. Kurta, which was at one point of time, the clothing of rural men is ruling urban men too. Indian men
kurta has been gaining popularity and finding place in festivities. Men are also diverting towards man-embroidered kurta. Silk kurta for men once considered attire for kings and princes is also finding its place in
men's wardrobes. In the contemporary times, trendy silk khadi kurtas are leading the fashion. Men can wear these fashionable designer kurtas along with a pair of jeans. It's comfortable and looks chic. It is
fashionable to wear a short kurta also know as kurti with embroidery on jeans.
• Ethnic designs are coming with a makeover. Old traditional kurta has been given new innovative styling and cuts. There is a blast in the men fashion industry. Fusion concept is embellishing men where Indian
designing and western styling are coming to take your heart away. Indian models catwalk on the ramps showing glimpses of rich craftsmanship. Designer kurtas can be teamed with tight fitting churidar salwar or
loose fit pyjama. But if you desire to give your wardrobe an urban touch, then the best is to don it with a pair of funky jeans.
• Kurtas come up in distinctive exquisite varieties. Festive occasion kurta consists of fabulous crystal adornments. But for the daily wear purpose, simple styling is given. It is only during special occasions, that you
wish to dress up in more sparkling clothes but I'm sure for weekend freaky purpose you would not like to attire gaudy stuff, as it would look out of place. Cotton kurtas are apt for the purpose as they look stylish
and trendy and at the same time contain simple delicate motif that go well for the evening walk or other casual purposes. Cotton, silk and khadi are gaining popularity in the kurta section.
Another Indian men's attire catching attention is the three piece kurta pajama and a vest coat
In a three piece men's wear, an embroidered kurta and a churidar or a salwar is worn and on the kurta a vest coat or a long coat is worn. The long coat looks elegant with embroidery on it. The three piece
traditional Indian men's wear can be accompanied with a stole.
• Bridal Kurta salwar or churidar:
Marriage is the most beautiful thing that can happen to mankind. It is an institution, which ties the knot of two individuals and opens the door for meeting of two minds, body and soul. This special relationship
calls for a big time celebration where all arrangements are simply mind-blowing. Amid all splendid things, how can we forget about the groom dress? Groom should wear something that reflects his styling and at
the same time that sets him apart in the entire crowd. The latest trend is of groom fashion ethnic clothing. There are staggering varieties of ethnic wear for grooms.
• Evergreen color in sherwani is off-white. But now as times change, some new fashion rules the town. In the present scenario Bollywood celebrities have such a strong influence on the people that whatever they
do or whatever they attire becomes a fashion style that everybody wishes to copy. Getting inspired by the stars of tinsel world of fashion, new sherwani and other ethnic arrivals are coming up in dark shades like
black, maroon and dark blue. For the total complete look, wear royal mojris or jutties and then see people wont be able to take their eyes off you.
Karisma Scaria 7
• The sari is one of the most common and oldest forms of dress for women in India. Many regional costumes are variations on this basic style. The
fabric is either silk or cotton. Saris can be a solid color or patterned; some are embroidered or hand dyed. Others are covered in tiny mirrors or
A sari is made of 6 metres of cloth that is wrapped to form a skirt and then draped over the shoulder. It is worn with a stitched, fitted blouse called a
choli. To wear a sari, a woman begins to tuck one end of the fabric into a matching petticoat and wraps it all the way around her waist. She then pleats
the fabric and tucks them all together into the front of the petticoat. The remaining fabric is draped over her blouse and shoulder, falling behind her.
This end, called the pallav, is often decorated with detailed patterns or embroidery.
• Ghaghara cholis are another type of dress for women. A long pleated skirt (the ghaghra) is worn with a long or short stitched and fitted blouse (the
choli). They are most often worn in western states, but can be seen all over the country. Both the ghaghra and the chli are beaded or covered with tiny
mirrors. Sometimes they are dyed in detailed patterns.
Many young women today wear modern variations of the traditional ghaghra choli for special occasions. They may now have as many as four pieces:
the skirt, the choli, a long scarf draped over the shoulders or head, and a long sleeveless "jacket" framing the outfit. Sometimes the choli is decoratively
laced in the front or back.
• Indian women are often seen wearing salwar khameez. This outfit is made of a long tunic called a khameez and loose pants called salwar. Salwar
khameez originated in northern India, but soon spread across the country. Like other forms of clothing in India, the salwar khameez can be richly
decorated or simple for everyday use. They are made of silk or cotton, and usually worn with a scarf called an odhni.
Karisma Scaria 9
Churidar And Ghaghara cholis
Karisma Scaria 11
Languages In India
• Gujarati is the state language of Gujarat and is spoken by 70 percent of the State's population. It is Indic in origin and branched out from the Indo-European group
• Kannada is the State language of Karnataka and is spoken by 65 percent of the state's population.
• Kashmiri is a language written in the Devnagri script and is spoken by 55 percent of the population of Jammu and Kashmir.
• Konkani, principally based on classical Sanskrit, belongs to the southwestern branch of Indo-Aryan languages. It is spoken in the Konkan region covering Goa and
parts of the coastal regions of Karnataka, Kerala and Maharashtra.
• Malayalam is a Dravidian language, spoken by the people of Kerala. It is an ancient language and is thousands of years old.
• Punjabi is an Indic language and is spoken in the state of Punjab. Although based on the Devnagri script, it is written in a 16th century script called
Gurumukhi, created by the Sikh Guru, Angad.
• Sindhi is spoken by a great number of people in the North-west frontier of the Indian sub-continent comprising parts of India and Pakistan. In Pakistan, the
language is written in the Perso-Arabic script, while in India it uses the Devnagri script.
• Tamil, an ancient Dravidian language is at least 2000 years old. It is the state language of Tamil Nadu and is spoken by at least 65 million people.
• Telugu is also a Dravidian language and is the spoken by the people of Andhra Pradesh.
• Urdu is the state language of Jammu and Kashmir and it evolved with Hindi in the capital of India, Delhi. Urdu is the language adopted by the majority of the
Muslims in India. Urdu is written in the Persio-Arabic script and contains many words from the Persian language.
Karisma Scaria 12
• Henna is a paste made out of crushed leaves and twigs of henna plant. The paste can also be made
from dried leaves of the plant by mixing it with hot water. When this paste is applied in skin (just
like writing from a marker) and left for few hours, it leaves orange to dark maroon stain in the
skin which fades away in 4 to 15 days.
• In detail: Henna is a plant (bionomial name – Lawsonia inermis) found and grown in South Asian
and North African countries. It is used since ancient time to color
skin, hair, fingernails, leather, and wool.
The name Henna is also used for dye or paste derived from the leaves of the plant, and for the art
of temporary tattooing from those paste
Karisma Scaria 13
• Kerala is located in the South- western tip of India. It is bordered by Karnataka to the north and north-east, Tamil Nadu to the east and south, and
the Arabian Sea to the west.It is considered as the “cleanest state in India”.
• Geography-The state has a coast of 590 km .Kerala can be divided into three climatically distinct regions: the eastern highlands; rugged and cool
mountainous terrain, the central midlands; rolling hills, and the western lowlands; coastal plains.
• Area- Area of Kerala State is about 38,863 Square Km.
• Capital- Thiruvananthapuram is the capital city of Kerala State of India. It is the largest city of this state and is characterized by its undulating terrain
of low coastal hills and busy commercial alleys.Trivandrum is also a tourist hot-spot for both domestic and international tourists.
• Language- Malayalam is the official language of the Kerala . Almost everyone speaks this language.English and Tamil are also other two languages
frequently used by people here. Kerala has the highest literacy rate in Indian States and almost everyone know how to converse in English.
• Religion- All the religions dwells in the state in harmony and peace. Hindu population is maximum in the state .Then Muslims followed by Christians
and other religions also.
• Climate- Kerala has a wet and maritime tropical climate influenced by the seasonal heavy rains of the southwest summer monsoon and northeast
winter monsoon. The mean daily temperatures range from 19.8 °C to 36.7 °C.
• Currency- Indian Rupee is used as a currency in the state. There are various currency exchangers in the state as it is a popular tourist destination of
• Transport- Kerala has very good network of all the modes of transport. Airways, Roadways, Railways and waterways too have good network within
cities of Kerala and rest of the cities of India also.
• Tourist Places- Kerala is a tourist state of India , it offers various exotic places to visit whether it is awaterfall, beach, pilgrimage
places, monuments, forts, wildlife, backwaters, trekking, adventures,hill station, cultural and many more . Kerala offers something for every tourist.
Karisma Scaria 15
Festival Of Kerala
IS CALLED ONAM
• Onam is the biggest festival in the Indian state of Kerala. Onam Festival falls during the Malayali
month of Chingam (Aug - Sep) and marks the homecoming of legendary King Mahabali. Carnival of
Onam lasts for ten days and brings out the best of Kerala culture and tradition. Intricately decorated
Pookalam, ambrosial Onasadya, breathtaking Snake Boat Race and exotic Kaikottikali dance are some
of the most remarkable features of Onam - the harvest festival in Kerala.