What is a Sentence?A sentence is basically a group of wordswhich are tied together and convey anidea, event or description. The words in anEnglish sentence have a certain order andrules regarding ways to either expand orshorten it. The boundaries of a sentenceare easily recognized, as it begins with acapital letter and ends with a terminalpunctuation mark (period, question mark orexclamation point). It is important forEnglish writers to know the language ofsentence grammar terms in order to be ableto analyze and develop their writing.
THERE ARE FOUR STRUCTURESOF SENTENCES:SIMPLECOMPOUNDCOMPLEXCOMPLEX-COMPOUND
A SIMPLE SENTENCE IS COMPOSED OF A SINGLEINDEPENDENT CLAUSE AND NO DEPENDENTCLAUSES. Example: We had a great visit to Paris and Berlin last September.
A COMPOUND SENTENCE IS COMPOSED OF TWO OR MORE INDEPENDENT CLAUSES WHICH MAY BE CONNECTED BY A COORDINATING CONJUNCTION ( AND, BUT, FOR, NOR, OR, SO, YET)Example: We visited Paris last September, but my sistervisited Berlin last summer.
A COMPLEX SENTENCE IS COMPOSED OF ONE INDEPENDENTCLAUSE (THE MAIN CLAUSE) AND ONE ORMORE DEPENDENT CLAUSES. Example: While we were walking through the Louvre, we suddenly met our neighbor John and his family.
A COMPOUND-COMPLEX SENTENCE COMBINESA COMPOUND SENTENCE WITH A COMPLEXSENTENCE. IT CONTAINS TWO OR MOREINDEPENDENT CLAUSES AND ONE OR MOREDEPENDENT CLAUSES. Example: While we were walking through the Louvre, which is one of the most famous museums in the world, we suddenly met our neighbor John with his family, and all of us went out for lunch at a splendid bistro.