Gs 3 4 Grammar Synthesis


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Gs 3 4 Grammar Synthesis

  1. 1. Grammar Synthesis<br />Getting Started Parts 3 & 4<br />
  2. 2. (1) What does particle は do? Give an example.<br />「は」is the Topic Marker<br />TOPIC<br />わたし は すしが すきです。<br />TOPIC<br />トムさん は よく すしを たべます。<br />
  3. 3. (2) What does particle を do? Give an example.<br />「を」is the Direct Object Marker<br />OBJ<br />わたし は えいが を みます。<br />OBJ<br />トムさん は よく すし を たべます。<br />
  4. 4. (3) What does particle へdo? Give an example.<br />「へ」is the Directional Marker<br />Destination<br />わたし は えいが へ いきます。<br />トムさん は うち へ かえります。<br />Destination<br />
  5. 5. (4) What’s the word order for in a typical sentence? Mark the topic of the sentence & the verb phrase.<br />TOPIC<br />わたし は おんがく を ききます。<br />Verb Phrase<br />
  6. 6. 5) When we’re talking about a specific time (e.g., at 8:00) which particle do we use? <br />8:00 に<br />Specific Time<br />“AT”<br />
  7. 7. (6) When we want to say “around 8:00”, which particle do we use?<br />8:00 ごろ<br />Specific Time<br />“AROUND”<br />
  8. 8. (7) When we want to say “from 8:00 to 9:00”, which particles do we use?<br />8:00 から 9:00 まで<br />Specific Time<br />Specific Time<br />“FROM”<br />“UNTIL”<br />
  9. 9. (8) What are the frequency words we’ve learned?<br />まいにち<br />よく<br />ときどき<br />あまり+Neg<br />ぜんぜん+Neg<br />いちにちじゅう<br />
  10. 10. (9) Where does the frequency word go in a sentence? Show by example. Write the sentence: I don’t drink coffee at all.<br />TOPIC<br />わたしは ぜんぜん コーヒーをのみません。<br />Verb Phrase<br />Frequency <br />
  11. 11. (10) Fill in the correct particles below:<br />は<br />に<br />で<br />と<br />Topic___ 00:00___Person___ Place___ VP<br />
  12. 12. Can you change the word order in the sentence above? If so, what are the rules?<br />は<br />に<br />で<br />と<br />Topic___ 00:00___Person___ Place___ VP<br />
  13. 13. 11) Fill in the verb conjugation chart below:<br />ききません<br />ききません<br />でした<br />ききました<br />
  14. 14. (12) What form do we use to make an invitation? Give an example.<br />V-ません+か<br />(いっしょに)ひるごはん を たべませんか。<br />
  15. 15. (13) Give 2 examples of how you might accept an invitation.<br />ええ、いいですね。<br />Yes, that’s good (isn’t it?)<br />ええ、よろこんで。<br />Yes, with pleasure.<br /><ul><li>ええ、だいじょうぶ ですよ</li></ul>Yes. That’s fine. <br />
  16. 16. (14) Give 2 examples of how you could politely turn down an invitation.<br />すみませんが、ちょっと。。。<br />I’m sorry, but it’s a little…<br />ええ、でも ちょっと。。。<br />Yes, but it’s a little…<br /><ul><li>ちょっと。。。</li></ul>It’s a little…<br />
  17. 17. (15) Likes and dislikes. Write the Japanese words below. Given an example sentence for each word:<br /> like = <br />わたし は すし が すき です。<br /> don’t like = <br />わたし は さしみ が すきじゃありません。<br /> strong dislike = <br />わたし は なっとう が きらい です。<br /> like the best =<br />わたし は アイス が いちばん すき です。<br /> especially =<br />とくに、チョコレート が すき です。<br />
  18. 18. Fill in the correct particles for the following sentence pattern:<br /> <br /> Topic ____ Object ____ sukidesu.<br />は<br />が<br />
  19. 19. (16) Do you need to put a particle after a relative time word (e.g., today, tomorrow, and yesterday)? If so, which particle do you use?<br />いいえ<br />
  20. 20. (17) What are some expressions that we use when talking about the weather?<br />It’s terrible weather, isn’t it? =<br />ひどい おてんき ですね。<br />It’s nice weather, isn’t it? =<br />いい おてんき ですね。<br />It’s raining hard, isn’t it? =<br />ひどい あめ ですね。<br />Today’s warm, isn’t it? =<br />きょう は あたたかい ですね。<br />Today’s cool, isn’t it? =<br />きょう は すずしい ですね。<br />
  21. 21. おめでとう! Congratulations! You’ve worked so hard! <br />これからも、がんばりましょう!Let’s continue to do so!<br />