A Project about Pronunciation


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A research project developed with a group of students in UNIVERSIDAD TÉCNICA DE MANABÍ, 2011.

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A Project about Pronunciation

  1. 1. UNIVERSIDAD TÉCNICA DEMANABÍA research project about theneeding of improvingPronunciation in basic levels ofESL learners Responsible: Karen Resabala Encalada Semester from September 2011-February 2012
  2. 2. Introduction First of all, let me introduce myself. My name is Karen Resabala, and the institution where I am currently working is Universidad Técnica de Manabí (UTM), in Ecuador. This project consists on teaching a class with a selected group of my students. At that moment, they were in NBU (according to the curriculum), during the semester from September 2011 to February 2012. In addition, they were studying Clinical Psychology in Parallel C. It was a class of 20 students. The proposed topic is about Pronunciation: Vowel Sounds. The students are going to take a pop-quiz in order to measure the level of knowledge in this topic, to continue the identification problem of this research.
  3. 3. UNIVERSIDAD TÉCNICA DE MANABÍ HUMANISTIC AND SOCIAL SCIENCES FACULTYCAREER: CLINICAL PSYCHOLOGY CDATE: October 14th, 2011 NAME:__________________________________PRE-BEGINNERS – NBU TEACHER: Karen Resabala, B.A. PRE-TESTI Can you distinguish the difference between these words? Minimal Pairs: Whatword do you hear? Choose the word you hear making a circle or underlining it. (10points)1. chip-------- cheap2. note not3. coast cost4. said sad5. sit set6. boat bought7. bye bay8. hat hot9. set sat10. my meII Can you recognize the sound (phoneme) of each underlined letter(s) in the wordsbelow? Write the words in the corresponding box according the phoneme. (10 points) VOWELS /æ/ /ɑ/ /ɛ/ /ɔ/ /i:/ pants hot pets small tree DIPHTHONGS /aʊ / /aɪ/ /eɪ/ /oʊ / /ɔɪ/ house night day road toy VOWELS: Hot tree pets small pants DIPHTHONGS: Night day toy house road Signature
  4. 4. Once I gave the Pre-test to the students, I could recognize theirweakness in pronunciation. These are the results of the Pre-test. PRE-TEST GOOD 5% EXCELLENT POOR 50% VERY GOOD AVERAGE 45% GOOD AVERAGE POOR Source: Pre-test given to students of NBU Clinical Psychology C of UTM about Pronunciation. Semester from September 2011 to February 2012. Subject: English. Responsible: Karen Resabala, B.A.As one can see, none of them got an excellent or very goodresult. Only 5% got a good grade, while the 45% got an averagegrade, and finally the 50% of the class got a poor grade.
  5. 5. Identification of the Problem Once I gave the test, the research problem emerged. The research problem is that students do not produce basic sounds properly. Pronunciation is required for a good communication. The causes that produce this are the lack of training on phonemes, and the lack of knowledge about the difference among sounds and its production.Problem Formulation“The lack of good pronunciation in Pre-Beginners Levelstudents (NBU) cursing the career of Clinical PsychologyParallel C of Technical University of Manabi, Semester fromSeptember 2011to February 2012, impedes them a goodcommunication and their development of listening andspeaking skills.”
  6. 6. Problem Formulation:“The lack of good pronunciation inPre-Beginners Level students(NBU) cursing the career of ClinicalPsychology Parallel C of TechnicalUniversity of Manabi, Semesterfrom September 2011to February2012, impedes them a goodcommunication and theirdevelopment of listening andspeaking skills.”
  7. 7. A view of UTM: The bust risen to itsfounder, Paulo Emilio MaciasSabando, Eng.It is located at the entrance of theUniversity. Portoviejo, Manabi.
  8. 8. This is the place where I work... HumanisticFaculty
  9. 9. Whatwouldit be? My group of students during the Pre-test…
  10. 10. “This is a very important aspect of English..., believe me!”Lights, camera, action…! And the topic for today is aboutPronunciation – Vowel Sounds
  11. 11. A picture including the camerawoman at the back! She moved as on the dance floor! :D My students helped me a lot during this activity.Although the movement, I am very thankful to them (and to her)!
  12. 12. 20 VowelSounds inEnglishseems a lot! There are 20 Vowel Sounds in English…
  13. 13. Hard work drawing by myself, but it was rewarding that mystudents had enough examples to learn!
  14. 14. This time is easier than the first time!Thinking and thinking during theFinal Test
  15. 15. Form of the Final Test UNIVERSIDAD TÉCNICA DE MANABÍ HUMANISTIC AND SOCIAL SCIENCES FACULTYCAREER: CLINICAL PSYCHOLOGY CDATE: October 20th, 2011NAME:________________________________________________________________PRE-BEGINNERS – NBU TEACHER: Karen Resabala, B.A. FINAL TESTI According to each of the following words, recognize the underlined phonemeand write the word in the corresponding column in the chart. (20 points) Friend clock She breakfast man Walk We black hot Talk /æ/ /ɑ/ /ɛ/ /ɔ/ /i:/Black Hot friend talk WeMan Clock breakfast walk She Enjoy Coat They I name Out Boy Sound Hello my /aʊ / /aɪ/ /eɪ/ /oʊ / /ɔɪ/out I name hello Boysound my they coat enjoy Signature
  16. 16. Comparison about the Pretest – Previous Knowledge with the Final Test – Acquired Knowledge. 10 9 8 7Number of Learners 6 5 4 PRETEST 3 FINAL TEST 2 1 0 EXCELLENT VERY GOOD GOOD AVERAGE POOR Source: Evaluations given to students of NBU Clinical Psychology C of UTM about Pronunciation. Semester from September 2011 to February 2012. Subject: English. Responsible: Karen Resabala, B.A.
  17. 17. Conclusion In brief, it has been showed the lack of knowledge about vowel sounds in English and pronunciation of the students of Clinical Psychology C, NBU Level of UTM, Semester from September 2010 to February 2011. This result is evidenced with the pre-test given to the learners, as you could see in the pie chart. At the end, students showed a notorious improvement in their pronunciation. Also, they could differentiate sounds and recognize the spoken words. Obviously, it will improve not only their listening and speaking skill, but also their understanding and confidence to communicate.
  18. 18. Made by Karen ResabalaComments to:karen_resabala@hotmail.com