Carolina

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Carolina

  1. 1. Chapter 11 of AMERICAN COLONIES<br /> Karee Ann Klein<br />Carolina<br />
  2. 2. Carolina<br />Established by West Indian planters<br />Located along the Atlantic seaboard north of Florida and south of the Chesapeake<br />Named to honor King Charles<br />Three ships of colonists from Barbados came to Carolina in 1670<br />Founded Charles Town (later Charleston)<br />Fears of the Colonists<br />Feared Spanish attacks from Florida<br />Feared blacks and Indians would join forces<br />Tried to pit them against each other<br />Offered Indians rewards for returning runaway slaves<br />
  3. 3. Early Life in Carolina<br />In order to gain more inhabitants, the Lord Proprietor:<br />Assured religious freedom<br />Also passed laws that you could not discriminate against other religions<br />Granted 150 acres of land per family member<br />½ pence per acre per year<br />Would not collect funds until 1689<br />Many colonists began life in Carolina as indentured servants<br />Received “freedom dues” after completing term<br />Set of clothes<br />Barrel of maize<br />Axe<br />Hoe<br />100 acres of land<br />
  4. 4. The Split<br />North Carolina was established in 1691<br />Elected a governor in 1712<br />South Carolina was established in 1691<br />Charleston was the capital<br />Government mainly worked to:<br />Regulate the competition of great planters for additional land grants<br />Promote the export of crops<br />Protect people from slave rebellions and Indian wars<br />Denied religious tolerance<br />Only allowed Anglicans to hold public office<br />Established Church of England as official tax-supported church<br />
  5. 5. Indian Trade<br />Colonists traded with the Indians more than any other colony along the Atlantic seaboard<br />Colonists began selling guns to the Indians<br />Indians paid for guns by:<br />Raiding other Indian tribes and taking captives to sell as slaves<br />Returning runaway slaves to the Colonists<br />Indians became dependent on guns<br />Used them for hunting<br />Used them for defense from other armed Indian tribes<br />They could not make them or repair them<br />Colonists could now control the native people<br />“Without our friendship in supplying you with guns and ammunition you must all starve, and what is as bad, become prey to your enemies.” – John Lawson, trader<br />

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