Power Generation &Distribution.Docx

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current scenario of power generaion and distribution industry

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Power Generation &Distribution.Docx

  1. 1. SWOT ANALYSIS ON POWR GENERATION AND DISTRIBUTION Karan.S.Sahni
  2. 2. Agenda  Overview  Exploration  Refinery and Pipelines  Natural Gas  New and Renewable Energy  Power  Types of power generation  SWOT ANALYSIS copyright (c) IAME Jul 2, 2009 Slide 2
  3. 3. Overview World Overview India Overview  35% of world energy need is supplied by  54% Coal, 32% Oil, 9% Natural Gas crude oil, 25% by coal and 21% by gas.  India is the 5th largest energy consumer  Most of the reserve is concentrated in the Middle-east region . (IRAN ,EGYPT,  India has vast potential in the Exploration SUADI ARABIA,IRAQ,ISRAEL,ETC.) Sector.  World Primary Energy Sector growing at  Indian Primary Energy Sector growing at 2% 5% copyright (c) IAME Jul 2, 2009 Slide 3
  4. 4. REFINING - World Consumption Pattern At current rate of consumption & production, oil in India would last only for about 20 to 25 years. copyright (c) IAME Jul 2, 2009 Slide 4
  5. 5. PIPELINES - Crude and LPG Pipe Lines  GAIL owns and operates 6700 km. of natural gas transmission network which is over 82% of the total pipeline infrastructure in the country  Increasing urbanization and greater concern for environment and safety, the share of pipeline transportation is likely to increase in India  About 50-60% of the primary transportation of petroleum products in developed countries is done through pipelines  Pipeline network of Indian Oil has grown to 9273 km with a capacity of about 62 million metric tonnes per year. copyright (c) IAME Jul 2, 2009 Slide 5
  6. 6. PIPELINES - Transportation  Share of pipeline transportation in India much lower as compared to USA.  Total POL pipeline length currently USA under operation in India – 12,204 kms  POL pipelines under implementation – 5,561 kms (Investment of USD 1.5 ban) INDIA copyright (c) IAME Jul 2, 2009 Slide 6
  7. 7. GAS SECTOR INFRASTRUCTURE: CURRENT AND FUTURE – A COMPOSITE PICTURE Tu rk- A fg- TOTAL INVESTMENT – US$ 9 Billion P ak -I nd ia (Rs.40000 Cr – NEXT 5 YRS ) Iran Pip -Pa eli BHATINDA k-In n e d ia P i pe l i ne DELHI BAREILLY DAHEJ I & II AURAIYA LUCKNOW AGRA DISPUR 10 mmtpa* MATHANIA KANPUR JAGDISHPUR India plans to bring 200 of its cities under the PATNA GWALIOR PHOOLPUR gas pipeline network by 2020. KOTA JHANSI GAYA VARANASI UJJAIN VIJAIPUR AGARTALA MY India at present uses around 150 million cubic RAJKOT BHOPAL BOKARO AN MA meter of gas a day. AHMEDABAD INDORE R-I HAZIRA KOLKATA d n At ia Pipel JAMNAGAR 2.5 mmtpa BHARUCH BARODA CUTTACK A 1 BLOCK,present economic growth rate, i ne consumption SURAT DAMRA MYANMAR to increase 3 fold by 2012. BHUBANESHWAR MUMBAI PUNE LNG DABHOL KRISHNAPATNAM Existing (7.5 MMTPA) 5 mmtpa SOLAPUR KAKINADA KOLHAPUR HYDERABAD RAJAMUNDRY Upcoming (16.25 MMTPA , US$ 2 Billion) GOA VIJAYAWADA Transmission Pipelines NELLORE Existing (6,300 Kms) BANGLORE Planned (8,400 Kms, US$ 5 Billion) HASAN CHENNAI City Gas/ CNG MANGLORE Existing (10 cities) COCHIN Planned (40 cities, US $ 2 Billion) 5 mmtpa KANJIRKKOD TIRUCHCHIRAPALLI COIMBTORE Gas By Sea Receipt (Likely Location) TUTICORIN LNG Terminal copyright (c) IAME INTEGRATED GRID TO LINK ANY SOURCE TO ANY MARKET Jul 2, 2009 Slide 7
  8. 8. RENEWABLE ENERGY - Solar Power  Location advantage  Average annual temperature – 25-27 degree centigrade  South-East coast has the highest temperature  Major players PV cell - Central Electronics Ltd., BHEL  Reliefs offered by Government on SPV manufacturers and users of SPV based products - No excise duty for manufacturers - Low import tariff for several raw materials and components - Soft loans to users, intermediaries and manufacturers copyright (c) IAME Jul 2, 2009 Slide 8
  9. 9. RENEWABLE ENERGY - Hydro power  Good indicator: High annual rainfall  The dominant annual rainfall is located on the north-eastern part of India: Arunachal Pradesh, Assam, Nagaland, Manipur and Mizoram  Good water management and storage needed. Advantages  Start up and shut down quick and economical  Long and productive lives Eg. Bhakra Nangal dam Proposed Hydro Power projects in India  Rampur Hydropower Project Only 20% of the  Vishnugadh Pipalkoti Hydropower Project potential is currently being utilized (18000 MW out of 90000 MW) copyright (c) IAME Jul 2, 2009 Slide 9
  10. 10. RENEWABLE ENERGY - Wind Energy  Wind energy is plentiful, renewable and clean. Therefore, it is considered by experts to be more environmentally friendly than many other energy sources.  Wind Energy Potential In India Gross Potential Technical Potential Installed Capacity Sl. No. State (MW) (MW) (MW) (a) (b) (c) 1. Andhra Pradesh 8275 1920 121.1 2. Gujarat 9675 1780 667 3. Karnataka 6620 1180 847 4. Kerala 875 605 2.0 5. Madhya Pradesh 5500 845 58 6. Maharashtra 3650 3040 1485 7. Orissa 1700 780 2 8. Rajasthan 5400 910 470 9. Tamilnadu 3050 1880 3460 10. West Bengal 450 450 1.6 11. Other States - - 0.5 Total 45195 MW 13390 MW 7114 MW copyright (c) IAME Jul 2, 2009 Slide 10 Source : M N E S
  11. 11. RENEWABLE ENERGY - Wind resource in India Major Player  Suzlon - Started in 1995 - Ranked 5 in terms of th global market share - 50% market share in India - Suzlon is in the process of developing Asia’s largest wind park in Maharashtra (1,000 MW ).  Othermajor players – Vistas, Emerson and GE wind energy India is second largest exploiter of Wind Energy – 1000 MW copyright (c) IAME Jul 2, 2009 Slide 11
  12. 12. RENEWABLE ENERGY - Biomass and Bio-fuel BIOMASS BIOFUEL  4th world ranking in power generation  Bio-fuel initiative using - Atrophy  Various Applications: - Sugarcane Molasses - Power Generation - Biomass gasification for heating  Supreme Court of India ruling - compulsory blending of 10% ethanol - Cooking  Technology  Top 3 States in biomass potential - Andhra Pradesh, Bihar, Gujarat  Initiatives - SBI, Indian Railways, AP Government Agreement with Reliance Industries copyright (c) IAME Jul 2, 2009 Slide 12
  13. 13. SWOT ANALYSIS  Major Strengths  Population in India is biggest strength .  Low labour cost as compared other countries.  Never ending demand  India ranks 5th in windmill power sector copyright (c) IAME Jul 2, 2009 Slide 13
  14. 14.  Major Weaknesses  Still 19% villages haven’t seen what is electricity  State Electricity Board are in a weak financial position .  Raw materials & Components used as for power generation (Thermal)are scarce .  Theft of electricity is one of the major concern for this Industry .  Political Interference is more . copyright (c) IAME Jul 2, 2009 Slide 14
  15. 15.  Major Opportunities  Setting up a world’s largest 3,300 MW gas-based power project at the Dhirubhai Ambani Energy City at Dadri in Uttar Pradesh.  Various projects in generation, transmission, distribution and trading of power.  Lowest level of Per Capita power consumption in India Planning to set up a dry transformer plant ranging between 100 KVA to 3000 KVA . copyright (c) IAME Jul 2, 2009 Slide 15
  16. 16.  Major Threats  From the competitors and government controlled organizations  Outsourcing of key raw materials and Components  Raw materials used are subject to heavy price volatility.  Limited experience in designing and manufacturing 220 KV class copyright (c) IAME Jul 2, 2009 Slide 16
  17. 17. copyright (c) IAME Jul 2, 2009 Slide 17

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