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  1. 1. Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder By: Karalyn Bridgeman & Kelly Savage
  2. 2. <ul><ul><li>Children will find it hard to concentrate and focus    </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>  Most common in children as that is when it starts  </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Appears in childhood, adolescence, adulthood  </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>More common in boys </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>It is estimated that 3-10% of school age children are affected. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Most people who have ADHD have average intellectual potential </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>People with ADHD often struggle with academics causing them to have a learning disability. </li></ul></ul><ul><li>  </li></ul>
  3. 3. <ul><ul><li>High Activity Level </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>trouble sitting still </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>difficult to do quiet activities </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>constantly moving around </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>touching things, playing with anything in sight </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Impulsivity, lack of Self Control & Concentration </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>restless, overactive, fidgety </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>constantly talking & interrupting </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Inattentive </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Difficulty changing activities </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>hard time waiting in line or waiting his/her turn </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Aggressive Behavior & Easily overstimulated </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Socially immature </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Low self-esteem & high frustration </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>***NOTE: Not all symptoms apply to each child. Any of these behaviors is normal in children to a certain degree*** </li></ul></ul>
  4. 4. <ul><li>Type 1: Predominantly Inattentive </li></ul><ul><li>Difficultly organizing & finishing a task,  </li></ul><ul><li>Hard time paying attention - details & instructions,  </li></ul><ul><li>Children are less likely to act out,  </li></ul><ul><li>Easily get along with other students,  </li></ul><ul><li>Sits quietly & still, but is not paying attention,  </li></ul><ul><li>THIS CHILD MAY BE OVERLOOKED! </li></ul><ul><li>Type 2: Predominantly Hyperactive-Impulsive </li></ul><ul><li>fidgets & talks a lot,  </li></ul><ul><li>restless & impulsive - interrupt others, speak at inappropriate times & grab things to play with,  </li></ul><ul><li>hard time waiting his/her turn or listening to directions,  </li></ul><ul><li>younger child - constantly jump, run, climb,  </li></ul><ul><li>This person will experience more injuries and/or accidents! </li></ul><ul><li>Type 3: Combined </li></ul><ul><li>Most children have this type </li></ul><ul><li>It is type 1 & 2 combined </li></ul>
  5. 5. <ul><li>Main cause:  Genetics / Heredity </li></ul><ul><li>Other Factors/ Causes: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Biological/Physical factors: </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Neurological inefficiency in the brain that controls impulses. </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>  Complication/Trauma during birth: </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Brain injuries </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Lead Poisoning </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>  Diet: </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Sugar, Food additives (coloring) & allergies </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Prenatal Alcohol/ Drug exposure: </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>neurological damage </li></ul></ul></ul>
  6. 6. <ul><ul><li>Stimulents: </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Ritalin, Dexedrine, Cylert, Adderall, Desoxyn Gradumet tablets. </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>These stimulate the part of the brain that is underworking. </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Last 3-4 hours </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Family Counseling </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Individual Counseling </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Cognitive Therapy </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Parent and Child Education on ADHD  </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Diagnoses:   </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Between ages 3 & 6 </li></ul><ul><li>With the parents ok a school physiologist will do a Connors tests. </li></ul><ul><li>If there is concern the results will be sent to the parents with a letter describing the results. </li></ul><ul><li>From there the parents must take their child to a Psychiatrist or a family physician for further diagnosis. </li></ul>
  7. 8. <ul><li>Modifying assignments so that they have less written work load </li></ul><ul><li>Limit homework </li></ul><ul><li>Create more time for assessments </li></ul><ul><li>Have varied methods of communication: for example signal students to gain attention: lights, hands, silence, whistle, mystery, music </li></ul><ul><li>Assist with organization </li></ul><ul><li>Look into environmental Modifications :visual aids, colour, pointer, hands-on, maintain visibility </li></ul>
  8. 9. <ul><li>Teacher Flexibility, commitment and willingness: make changes and accommodations as needed. </li></ul><ul><li>Training and knowledge about ADHD </li></ul><ul><li>Close communication between home and school </li></ul><ul><li>Providing clarity & structure: </li></ul><ul><li>Creative & engaging teaching </li></ul><ul><li>Teamwork with administrative support </li></ul><ul><li>Respective student privacy & confidentiality </li></ul><ul><li>Create seating arrangement so that the student is: close to teacher (with minimal distractions), surrounded by focused students, and avoid putting them near doors & windows </li></ul><ul><li>Teacher circulation is important </li></ul><ul><li>The teacher needs to be able to maneuver easily  </li></ul><ul><li>Needs to be Sensitive about students feelings </li></ul>
  9. 10. <ul><li>Electronic organizers </li></ul><ul><li>Resource Room </li></ul><ul><li>Computers </li></ul><ul><li>Personal clock </li></ul><ul><li>Portable word processors </li></ul><ul><li>Audio books </li></ul><ul><li>Stress balls </li></ul><ul><li>Bean bag weights </li></ul>
  10. 11. <ul><li>Bridgeman, Julie. Personal Interview. Jan 24 th 2011. </li></ul><ul><li>Lawrence H. Diller, M.D. Running on Ritalin 1996 Harper Perennial </li></ul><ul><li>National Institute of Mental Health (2008) U.S. Department of Health & Human Resources. </li></ul><ul><li>   </li></ul><ul><li>Rief, Sandra F. (1993). How to Reach and Teach ADD/ADHD Children. The Center for Applied Research In Education, West Nyack, N.Y. </li></ul><ul><li>  </li></ul><ul><li>Silver, Larry B. &quot;Attention Deficit Disorders.&quot;  </li></ul><ul><li>(2011), What is ADHD (Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder)? MediLexicon International Ltd. </li></ul><ul><li>  </li></ul>