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Birth conrtol power point


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Birth conrtol power point

  1. 1. BIRTH CONTROL CHAPTER 9 By: Kara Sexton Women’s Health Issues HE 210- OL
  2. 2. REASONS TO USE BIRTH CONTROL  Protect against unplanned pregnancy  SOME methods protect against STI/ STD  Clearer Skin  Lighter periods/ PMS relief  Helps protect against come cancers
  3. 3. TYPES OF BIRTH CONTROL.. Abstinence  Birth Control Implant  The Patch  The Pill  The Shot  The Sponge  Diaphragm  Cervical Cap  Condom (male and female)  The Vaginal Ring  IUD  Spermicide  Withdrawal  Sterilization for men and women  Morning After Pill 
  4. 4. A CLOSER LOOK.. Abstinence   Taking part in other kinds of sex play that don't lead to pregnancy. Known as outercourse. Or not having vaginal intercourse when a woman is more prone to getting pregnant or periodic abstinence and having fertility awareness-based methods of birth control.  Pros Doesn’t require planning or a prescription  Inexpensive  Can be carried easily  No side effects   Cons Reduce sensitivity  Allergies 
  5. 5. Birth Control Implant The birth control implant is flexible plastic implant that is inserted under the skin of the upper arm.  It protects against pregnancy for up to three years   Pros Immediately Effective  Private/ hidden  Effective for up to 3 years   Cons    Does not protect against STI/STD Placement and removal require a doctor Can be expelled
  6. 6. The Patch The birth control patch is a thin plastic patch that sticks to the skin and is placed once a week  The Pill o Birth control pills are a kind of medication that women can take daily to prevent pregnancy  Pros May cause lighter periods and relieve PMS symptoms  Protect against uterine and ovarian cancers  May reduce cysts  Does not require a pelvic exam for use   Cons Does not protect against STI  Must be taken directly and daily – easily forgotten  Increases risk of blood clots, heart attack and stroke  Requires prescription 
  7. 7. The Shot  Pros Most private method  Does not require daily or monthly attention  May stop bleeding  May reduce ovarian and uterine cancer  The birth control shot is an injection of hormones that prevents pregnancy.  Each shot prevents pregnancy for three months.   Cons Does not protect against STI  Causes loss of bone density  May delay ability to conceive after stopping use  Weight gain 
  8. 8. The Sponge   The sponge is made of plastic foam and contains spermicide. It is soft, round, and about two inches in diameter & is inserted into the vagina before intercourse.  Can be inserted hours before sex  Can be used for multiple acts  Does not effect periods  Slightly hidden  The Diaphragm  The diaphragm is a shallow, dome-shaped cup with a flexible rim that is inserted into the vagina Cervical Cap  The cervical cap is a silicone cup shaped like a sailor's hat. You insert it into your vagina and over your cervix Pros  Cons Does not protect against STI/STD  Low effectiveness  Requires pelvic exam and fitting  Increase risk of bladder infection 
  9. 9. Condom (male)  Condoms are worn on the penis during intercourse. They are made of thin latex or plastic that has been molded into the shape of a penis.  Does not require planning  Inexpensive and easy to carry around  Protects against STI’s  Condom (female)  The female condom is a pouch that is inserted before intercourse to prevent pregnancy Pros  Cons Reduce sensitivity  Some men can’t maintain erection  Allergies 
  10. 10. Vaginal Ring  The vaginal ring is a small, flexible ring a woman inserts into her vagina once a month to prevent pregnancy Pros Can be worn for approximately one month  Private/ hidden  Does not need to be fitted  May reduce PMS    Cons May cause discharge  Does not protect against STI’s 
  11. 11. IUD IUD stands for "intrauterine device," it’s a small T-shaped device made of flexible plastic.  There are two types available in the United States — copper and hormonal   Pros Immediately effective  Private/ hidden  Nothing to remember  Lasts up to 3 years   Cons Does not protect against STI’s  Placement and removal require clinical visits  Can be expelled  Perforation of the uterus wall can occur 
  12. 12. Spermicide  Spermicide is a birth control method that contains chemicals that stop sperm from moving  Pros Available without prescription  Lubrication may increase pleasure   Cons Women who use more than once a day appear to have higher risk of HIV transmission  Low effectiveness  Can be messy  May cause irritation 
  13. 13. Withdrawal  Pulling the penis out of the vagina before ejaculation  Pros Promotes communication between partners  Free  No health risks   Cons No protection against STI’s or STD’s  Requires self-control and experience  Risky 
  14. 14. Sterilization (male)   Vasectomy- a health care provider closes or blocks the tubes that carry sperm Permanent- requires no attention  Cost effective  Males is less complicated   Sterilization (female)  A health care provider closes or blocks a woman's fallopian tubes Cutting and tying tubes Closing tubes with electrical current  Closing tubes with clips, clamps, or rings   Pros Cons Possible regret  Does not protect against STI  Requires surgery (women's more complicated and risky)  Not reversible 
  15. 15. Morning After Pill Should NOT be used as a method for regular birth control EMERGENCY contraceptive only   Pill taken to prevent pregnancy after unprotected intercourse Pros   Can be taken in an emergency Cons Nausea  Vomiting 
  16. 16. THAT’S A LOT TO TAKE IN.. With so many options for birth control its tough to say what’s best for you.. BUT the most effective method of birth control is..