Today’s Lecture

  Criminal Law:
Homicide and Sleepwalking
Clarification

     Actus reus
         and
      Mens rea
Charter issues to watch
for

        s. 11(d)
Innocent until proven guilty
Homicide

      Culpable
         vs.
Non-culpable homicide
Is it Culpable Homicide?
 Offence     Unlawful act: 222(5)a          Criminal negligence: 222(5)b

             • some off...
Is it Murder?
s. 229
• Intention to cause death
• Reckless as to death occurring
• Transferred intent
• Imputed intent
• [...
What kind of Murder?
• First degree murder
     Planned and deliberate, s. 231(2); or
     In performance of sexual assaul...
Sentencing
• Life imprisonment in all cases
• First degree murder:         no chance of parole for 25
 years

• Second deg...
Parties to offence of
              murder
• Parties:
  – Commits; Aids; Abets
• Resulting crimes
  – Plan it together, th...
Mental Incapacity and
          Automatism
• Fit to stand trial?
• Defence of mental incapacity:
  – Finding of “not crimi...
Automatism
• Presumption
• Question: insane vs. non-insane automatism
• Issue: “Air of Reality”
• Objective test to determ...
Next class…

• Exam prep and review –
  –Come with questions!
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CML2117 Introduction to Law, 2008 - Lecture 24 - Homicide And Sleepwalking

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CML2117 Introduction to Law, 2008 - Lecture 24 - Homicide And Sleepwalking

  1. 1. Today’s Lecture Criminal Law: Homicide and Sleepwalking
  2. 2. Clarification Actus reus and Mens rea
  3. 3. Charter issues to watch for s. 11(d) Innocent until proven guilty
  4. 4. Homicide Culpable vs. Non-culpable homicide
  5. 5. Is it Culpable Homicide? Offence Unlawful act: 222(5)a Criminal negligence: 222(5)b • some offence violation of Code or Common Law duty: s. 219 Mens rea Objective test: Objective test: wanton or Foreseeability of bodily reckless disregard for safety or hard that is neither trivial lives of others nor transient Death? Yes Yes Causation? Yes Yes
  6. 6. Is it Murder? s. 229 • Intention to cause death • Reckless as to death occurring • Transferred intent • Imputed intent • [s. 230, Constructive murder, found unconstitutional] • If it’s Homicide but not murder, then it’s Manslaughter
  7. 7. What kind of Murder? • First degree murder Planned and deliberate, s. 231(2); or In performance of sexual assault, hijacking, kidnapping or unlawful confinement, s. 231(5) • Otherwise, it’s Second degree murder
  8. 8. Sentencing • Life imprisonment in all cases • First degree murder: no chance of parole for 25 years • Second degree murder: No chance of parole for 10 years (2nd time: 25 yrs) • Manslaughter: Normal parole requirements (If firearm used, then min 4 yrs)
  9. 9. Parties to offence of murder • Parties: – Commits; Aids; Abets • Resulting crimes – Plan it together, then are parties to resulting crimes – Charter violation?
  10. 10. Mental Incapacity and Automatism • Fit to stand trial? • Defence of mental incapacity: – Finding of “not criminally responsible by reason of insanity” or “on account of mental disorder” • “Defence” of Automatism: – Actually goes to actus reus, not really a defence
  11. 11. Automatism • Presumption • Question: insane vs. non-insane automatism • Issue: “Air of Reality” • Objective test to determine: – External cause; or – Internal cause
  12. 12. Next class… • Exam prep and review – –Come with questions!

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