ACCESS CAVITIES   Dr Saidah Tootla                      1
 Despiteadvances there is always a chance of error in endodontic therapy, and diligence in the involved procedures is nec...
 itis important that the access  preparation be precise Entering a tooth without an adequate  radiograph is a “fool’s er...
4
 Preoperative radiographs are essential because they tell us where pulp chambers are located in relationship to coronal s...
 Gaining access to root canals, wherein the root canal instruments can be slipped easily into the canals to reach the api...
7
   Have you refreshed the knowledge of the    morphology and anatomy of the tooth you    are going to treat?   Have you ...
 When    the access preparation is cut  too small, it is often impossible to  find all the canals in the tooth. Even if ...
10
 Conversely,   access cavities that are cut too big are a betrayal of the clinician’s first admonishment to do no harm, i...
CHOOSE SAFE, EFFECTIVE           BURS choosing  the wrong bur can presage  a poor access result burs that are too large ...
 #2 round is ideal for anterior and  premolar access a #4 is optimal for molar access                              13
 Assoon as the author drops into the chamber, the round bur has accomplished its purpose and is replaced with a tapered d...
 Inanterior and premolar teeth, the convenience form is afforded by extending the preparation from buccal to lingual; the...
Anterior - Triangular                  16
Canines - ovoid              17
Premolar - Round              18
 Inposterior teeth, the line-angle extensions are cut to the working cusps and stop 1 mm to 2 mm short of the idling cusp...
 Inmaxillary premolars and molars, the line angle extensions are taken to the palatal cusps (working) and are short of th...
Molar - Rhomboid              21
 Conversely, in mandibular premolars and molars the line angle extensions are taken to the buccal and are short of the li...
23
Straight-line access Success in modern endodontic treatment may be dependent upon a well-designed access cavity to permit...
25
26
Flexural stress will be increased if the instrument must negotiate past   an overhang; arrow A indicates overhang preventi...
Showing a canal opened to the apex to a No. 20 reamer or file; arrow  indicates the thickest, most engaged part of NiTi, m...
Questions???           29
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Access cavities-saida

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Access cavities-saida

  1. 1. ACCESS CAVITIES Dr Saidah Tootla 1
  2. 2.  Despiteadvances there is always a chance of error in endodontic therapy, and diligence in the involved procedures is necessary. 2
  3. 3.  itis important that the access preparation be precise Entering a tooth without an adequate radiograph is a “fool’s errand.” 3
  4. 4. 4
  5. 5.  Preoperative radiographs are essential because they tell us where pulp chambers are located in relationship to coronal surfaces, and at what angles canals enter pulp chambers 5
  6. 6.  Gaining access to root canals, wherein the root canal instruments can be slipped easily into the canals to reach the apical portion, is the most important starting point of the root canal treatment. Before you lift that hand piece to start access cavity preparation, stop and think about the following three points: 6
  7. 7. 7
  8. 8.  Have you refreshed the knowledge of the morphology and anatomy of the tooth you are going to treat? Have you taken a good look at the tooth in the oral cavity? Its shape, size, tilt and morphology need careful consideration. Have you spent sufficient time studying the radiograph? 8
  9. 9.  When the access preparation is cut too small, it is often impossible to find all the canals in the tooth. Even if all the canals are located, it sets the stage for negotiation difficulties, file breakage, and unnecessary frustration during obturation procedures (Figure 1). 9
  10. 10. 10
  11. 11.  Conversely, access cavities that are cut too big are a betrayal of the clinician’s first admonishment to do no harm, increasing the short-term possibility of perforation and the long-term probability of tooth and root fracture. 11
  12. 12. CHOOSE SAFE, EFFECTIVE BURS choosing the wrong bur can presage a poor access result burs that are too large will inevitably increase the size of the final cavity preparation as well as significantly increase the potential for tooth perforation 12
  13. 13.  #2 round is ideal for anterior and premolar access a #4 is optimal for molar access 13
  14. 14.  Assoon as the author drops into the chamber, the round bur has accomplished its purpose and is replaced with a tapered diamond bur. 14
  15. 15.  Inanterior and premolar teeth, the convenience form is afforded by extending the preparation from buccal to lingual; the conservation form is accomplished by preserving tooth structure in the mesial to distal dimension 15
  16. 16. Anterior - Triangular 16
  17. 17. Canines - ovoid 17
  18. 18. Premolar - Round 18
  19. 19.  Inposterior teeth, the line-angle extensions are cut to the working cusps and stop 1 mm to 2 mm short of the idling cusps. 19
  20. 20.  Inmaxillary premolars and molars, the line angle extensions are taken to the palatal cusps (working) and are short of the buccal cusps (idling) 20
  21. 21. Molar - Rhomboid 21
  22. 22.  Conversely, in mandibular premolars and molars the line angle extensions are taken to the buccal and are short of the lingual cusps 22
  23. 23. 23
  24. 24. Straight-line access Success in modern endodontic treatment may be dependent upon a well-designed access cavity to permit straight-line access to all the main root canals 24
  25. 25. 25
  26. 26. 26
  27. 27. Flexural stress will be increased if the instrument must negotiate past an overhang; arrow A indicates overhang preventing continuousstraight line access; arrow B indicates point of greatest curvature on outside wall of canal. 27
  28. 28. Showing a canal opened to the apex to a No. 20 reamer or file; arrow indicates the thickest, most engaged part of NiTi, most prone to fracture 28
  29. 29. Questions??? 29

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