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Xat Essay


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Xat Essay

  1. 1. The XAT Essay Objective Give an idea about the XAT essay and previous essay topics. A few tips on how to structure your essay.
  2. 2. Essay Topics <ul><li>“ Ships should not be just moored to the harbours but out sailing </li></ul><ul><li>in the seas” </li></ul><ul><li>XAT 04 : Asked which of his works would select as his masterpiece, </li></ul><ul><li>architect Frank Lloyd Wright at the age of 83 replied “My Next One” </li></ul><ul><li>XAT 05 : &quot;More than one billion Indians: a gigantic problem or a sea </li></ul><ul><li>of opportunities?&quot; </li></ul><ul><li>XAT 06 : “India has one of the largest pool of talented manpower – but </li></ul><ul><li>few innovations and patented products” </li></ul><ul><li>XAT 07 : “Economic Growth without environmental damage – a mirage </li></ul><ul><li>or a reality” </li></ul>20 min is given at the end of the 2 hour test period to write an essay in 1-page.
  3. 3. All writing is a form of communication. And so too, is the essay in XAT. A few tips on essay writing
  4. 4. The common thread <ul><li>The single link across all essays is – a perspective </li></ul><ul><li>(personal view) of a particular subject , whether it is : </li></ul><ul><li>‘ a night to remember’ , </li></ul><ul><li>‘ my left foot’ , </li></ul><ul><li>‘ India Rising’ or </li></ul><ul><li>‘ the allegories in Asterix’. </li></ul>
  5. 5. Opinion <ul><li>All the information </li></ul><ul><li>might be textual but </li></ul><ul><li>the essay should still </li></ul><ul><li>reflect your own </li></ul><ul><li>opinion. The way you </li></ul><ul><li>sift, select and order </li></ul><ul><li>the information is the </li></ul><ul><li>point of the exercise. </li></ul>
  6. 6. Know your Strengths and Weaknesses !! <ul><li>A lot more difficult to write on whimsical or abstract themes say, a ‘zen and the art of motorcycle maintenance’ for which the writer needs not only knowledge but also literary talent. </li></ul><ul><li>Easier to write interesting and impressive essays on concrete, well-defined topics such as </li></ul><ul><li>‘ World War II – the aftermath’ or </li></ul><ul><li>‘ Does racial discrimination still exist ?’ </li></ul><ul><li>these require just writing talent – something that most people have in varying capacity. </li></ul>
  7. 7. Try to be Interrresting !! <ul><li>A surfeit of facts is one of the most common causes for an essay to be dull and boring. </li></ul><ul><li>In a good essay, you will find that information is balanced with illustrations, speculations, arguments and examples. </li></ul><ul><li>It is very important to be interesting than authoritative. Authority should be shown through personality. What you say by how you say it. </li></ul>
  8. 8. The poor teacher !! <ul><li>the poor teacher or evaluator – going through thousands of ‘good’ essays, all vomiting a core of identical information, and many in almost the same style. Oh! My God !! For something different, he / she might actually shriek silently, and read with relief and delight an essay which deviates the least bit from the normal, mundane approach. </li></ul>
  9. 9. Options <ul><li>Even if the crux is the same, interpreting it in a different way, maybe garnishing it with a few examples or anecdotes. Or you could follow an unusual style – ironic / passionate / whimsical – but more importantly lively and individual. </li></ul><ul><li>One useful way of arriving at new insights into a topic is to bombard it with questions. But such brainstorming should be supplemented with content </li></ul>
  10. 10. Caution <ul><li>a lively and individual style is something very </li></ul><ul><li>different from an inappropriate style. Don’t get carried </li></ul><ul><li>away into adopting a style or approach that’s </li></ul><ul><li>cacophonous/ unharmonious with the contents of the </li></ul><ul><li>essay. </li></ul><ul><li>No matter how funny and imaginative your usual </li></ul><ul><li>Style might be, you must curb your comic style when </li></ul><ul><li>writing a serious essay topic ‘ a struggle for </li></ul><ul><li>Independence’ or ‘ racial discrimination’ . </li></ul>
  11. 11. What you can do <ul><li>Read the instructions </li></ul><ul><li>High risk topics + caution </li></ul><ul><li>Check the topic / question </li></ul><ul><li>The form of the topic </li></ul>
  12. 12. Advantages of drawing a plan <ul><li>gives you an overview - might persuade you to change the structure somewhat, balance out things, add examples etc. </li></ul><ul><li>It helps you keep to the point – fall back in on track </li></ul><ul><li>It helps you to pace your writing – time allocation </li></ul>
  13. 13. Jot down points <ul><li>Thoughts on the wording of the topic - assumptions/agreements/disagreements </li></ul><ul><li>Your response / reply to the question (if the topic is question type) </li></ul><ul><li>General arguments </li></ul><ul><li>Specific examples to support or contradict arguments. </li></ul>
  14. 14. Structure: Paragraphs <ul><li>You could even structure them in a simple PREP approach. </li></ul><ul><li>Point – reason – example – point (repackaged in a different form) </li></ul>
  15. 15. A balanced essay <ul><li>1. Allocating an appropriate amount of time to each of the arguments you present. </li></ul><ul><li>2. When discussing arguments / counter-arguments, try to be unbiased. Don’t try to dismiss them simply because they have happen to oppose the view that you have decided to favour in your essay. </li></ul>
  16. 16. The facts and examples that you state should: <ul><li>1. Have a subordinate or supportive role only, and do not displace your arguments </li></ul><ul><li>2.    Be selective : too many examples make the essay superfluous. </li></ul><ul><li>Last but not the least, remember that </li></ul><ul><li>examiners want quality and not quantity. </li></ul>
  17. 17. XAT essay - usage <ul><li>Remember what you wrote in the essay! </li></ul><ul><li>It is not exactly known how much weightage is given to the essay but we have gotten to know the following from past experiences </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>It could be used for questioning at the point of interview </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>It could be used as a differentiator for selection in case candidates get close scores. </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>It could be used by allied institutes such as XIM-B. </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>It is not critical for issuing interview calls. Your aptitude test scores / sectional cut-offs are extremely critical. </li></ul></ul></ul>
  18. 18. Things you could do <ul><li>Read newspaper editorials (say 15 mins day) to get a hang of issues being discussed </li></ul><ul><li>Learn a few quotations which can be used in context in your essay …more so for an impact at the start or a relevant conclusion. </li></ul><ul><li>Remember a few examples from the recent past in the context of business, sports and current affairs. </li></ul><ul><li>Know some general statistics/data such as population figures, GDP growth, etc… useful for GDs also </li></ul>A sample analysis is available @ Any Queries [email_address] Overall, a 2 hr prep is sufficient, apart from general reading