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World Geograph Inidia N Latin America


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World Geograph Inidia N Latin America

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World Geograph Inidia N Latin America

  1. 1. World geography India and Latin America Presented by:-Anjum Patel Renjini Rajan Sagar Dhal
  2. 2. Contents • Introduction • Cultural Aspects • Geography • The Political System • BRIC • India’s Relationship With Latin America • Recent news • Future Prospects • References
  3. 3. Introduction Latin America • Latin America has 17 countries. • Colonized by Spain & Portugal (Iberian countries). • 490 million people total population. • 75% of the people live in cities Several megacities (more than 10 million people). • Industrialization & development grew since 1960s. • Latin America specialized in commodities like Bananas, coffee, cacao, grains, tin, rubber, petroleum, etc. • Main mining silver, zinc, copper, iron ore, bauxite, gold, oil, gas,etc. 4
  4. 4. Minerals of the Amazon Region Amethyst Bauxite Quartz Diamonds
  5. 5. Introduction India • India officially republic of India, is a country in South East Asia. • It is the seventh largest country by geographical area,and the most populous democracy in the world. • India had 1,068,600,000 people in 2003 (17% of the world total), the world's second largest country in population after China. • Industrialization and Development grew since 1990s. • India is the second largest producer of grains. • India has the largest deposit of high-grade iron ore in the world. • India produces 3.8 percent of the world's coal
  6. 6. Latin America’s Culture • Languages:- Spanish and Portuguese are the predominant language. • Religion:- The primary religion throughout Latin America is Christianity and most of them are roman Catholics. • Dance:- Vibrant Dance and music like salsa, merengue and bachata. • Tourist spots:-Rio-de-Jinareo, La Paz (Bolivia),etc.
  7. 7. San Jose, Costa Rica Buenos Aires, Argentina Lima, Peru La Paz, Bolivia Todos Santos, Baja, Mexico
  8. 8. India’s Culture • Languages:- There are 18 different languages spoken officially in India which includes Hindi and English as a National Language. • Religion:- India is the Country which is multi-ethnic and multi-religious however mainly Hindu, Muslim, Sikh and Christians are followed. • Dance:- Kathakalli, Bharatnatyam, Bhangra, etc. • Tourist spots:- Taj Mahal, Red Fort(Delhi), Sanchi Stupa, etc.
  9. 9. Latin America’s Geography • Latin America is surrounded by Atlantic ocean in the east, pacific ocean on the west and Caribbean sea in the north. • Countries(21) which included Brazil, Mexico, Argentina, Colombia, Chile, Peru, Venezuela, Dominican Republic, Guatemala, Ecuador, Costa Rica, Cuba etc. • Latin America occupies half of all the Americas territory, and it includes all the climates you can ever think of. A grossly general distribution of climates would be as follows:- 1. Northern Mexico: Desert 2. Southern Mexico, Central America, Northern Colombia and Venezuela: Tropical 3. Most of Brazil: Tropical 4. All Central-Western South America: Mountain climates 5. Central South America: Grassland 6. Southern South-America: Tundra
  10. 10. India's Geography • India is located between 8 N and 37 N. The Tropic of Cancer passes through northern India. • India is bounded to the southwest by Arabian sea, to the south east by Bay of Bengal and Indian ocean to the south. • India share its boundary with Pakistan, Nepal, China, Bangladesh, Bhutan, Afghanistan, Sri-Lanka, Myanmar. • India is divided into 28 states and 7 union territories. • India is divided into various physiographic regions which includes mountains, plateaus, desert, islands and coastal region. • The monsoon(the seasonal reversal of wind systems) is the dominant climate force with summer and winter.
  11. 11. The political system • For the past fifty years, Latin America has been overwhelmed by the power of military dictatorships which deeply affected society as a whole. Few Latin American countries escaped military rule. • The power of the military dictatorships rested on the doctrine of National Security, whereby the armed forces were awarded the role of political guardians. • Politics of India take place in a framework of a federal parliamentary multi-party representative democratic republic.
  12. 12. BRIC • In economics, BRIC (typically rendered as "the BRICs" or "the BRIC countries" or known as the "Big Four") is a grouping acronym that refers to the related countries of Brazil, Russia, India, and China • Emerging Nations-encompass over 25% of the world's land coverage and 40% of the world's population and hold a combined GDP (PPP) of 15.435 trillion dollars. • Goldman Sachs predicts China and India- dominant global suppliers of manufactured goods and services while Brazil and Russia dominant as suppliers of raw materials
  13. 13. India relations with Latin America  Indo-Brazil Relation • The primary export commodities from Brazil include transportation equipment, iron ore, soybeans, footwear and coffee. • The primary export commodities to Brazil include machinery, chemicals, oil, automotive equipments and parts, and electronics • Both countries want the participation of developing countries in the UNSC permanent membership
  14. 14. Indo-Mexico Relations • Trade between India and Mexico amounted to US$1.6 billion in 2006-2007, compared with only US$251 million in 1990- 1991. • Mexican exports to India: mainly Crude • Indian Exports to Mexico: pharmaceuticals; gems & jewellery power sector equipment and auto parts. • The Major difficulty behind the promotion of trade between the two nations is geographical distance, lack of direct shipping facilities, expensive credit, language barrier.
  15. 15. Indo-Argentina Relations • Formal relations between both the countries were first established in 1949. • India has an embassy in Buenos Aires and Argentina has an embassy in New Delhi.  Indo-Canada Relations • Indo-Canadian are the longstanding bilateral relations between India and Canada, which are built upon a "mutual commitment to democracy, pluralism, and people-to-people links. • Bilateral trade between India and Canada was at about C$2.45 billion.
  16. 16. Indo-Columbia Relations • Both countries established diplomatic ties on January 19, 1959. • Colombia is currently the commercial point of entry into Latin America for Indian companies.  Indo-Paraguay Relations • India and Paraguay established diplomatic relations on September 13, 1961. • India is represented in Paraguay through its embassy in Buenos Aires, Argentina and an honorary consulate in Asuncion. Since 2005, Paraguay has had an embassy in New Delhi.
  17. 17. Recent News • TCS opens office in Lima, Peru July 2010. • CII delegation visit to Brazil, Peru and Chile 1-8 September 2010. • Patni Computer Systems Opens New IT Delivery Center in Queretaro, Mexico on 12 March 2010. • Renuka Sugar buys another Brazilian company for US$ 329 million February 2010. • India opens an embassy in Guatemala. • Five year multi entry visa for Indian businessmen visiting Argentina... free of cost....can t believe it..but true !
  18. 18. Future Prospects • Building on operational preferential trade agreements to negotiate comprehensive economic partnership agreements. • Focusing on investment-led trade as entry points to regional markets. • Greater emphasis on services trade across sectors such as software, education and skill development, tourism, etc. • Higher business-to-business interaction through dedicated sectoral and regional dialogue platforms and Incentivising new sea lines of communication.
  19. 19. References • • • •