India and Latin America
Presented by:-Anjum Patel
• Cultural Aspects
• The Political System
• India’s Relationship With Latin America
• Recent news
• Future Prospects
Introduction Latin America
• Latin America has 17 countries.
• Colonized by Spain & Portugal (Iberian countries).
• 490 million people total population.
• 75% of the people live in cities Several megacities (more than
10 million people).
• Industrialization & development grew since 1960s.
• Latin America specialized in commodities like Bananas,
coffee, cacao, grains, tin, rubber, petroleum, etc.
• Main mining silver, zinc, copper, iron ore, bauxite, gold, oil,
Minerals of the Amazon Region
• India officially republic of India, is a country in South East Asia.
• It is the seventh largest country by geographical area,and the
most populous democracy in the world.
• India had 1,068,600,000 people in 2003 (17% of the world
total), the world's second largest country in population after
• Industrialization and Development grew since 1990s.
• India is the second largest producer of grains.
• India has the largest deposit of high-grade iron ore in the
• India produces 3.8 percent of the world's coal
Latin America’s Culture
Spanish and Portuguese are the predominant language.
The primary religion throughout Latin America is Christianity
and most of them are roman Catholics.
Vibrant Dance and music like salsa, merengue and bachata.
• Tourist spots:-Rio-de-Jinareo, La Paz (Bolivia),etc.
San Jose, Costa Rica Buenos Aires, Argentina
La Paz, Bolivia
Todos Santos, Baja, Mexico
There are 18 different languages spoken officially in India which
includes Hindi and English as a National Language.
India is the Country which is multi-ethnic and multi-religious
however mainly Hindu, Muslim, Sikh and Christians are followed.
• Dance:- Kathakalli, Bharatnatyam, Bhangra, etc.
• Tourist spots:- Taj Mahal, Red Fort(Delhi), Sanchi Stupa, etc.
Latin America’s Geography
• Latin America is surrounded by Atlantic ocean in the east, pacific
ocean on the west and Caribbean sea in the north.
• Countries(21) which included Brazil, Mexico, Argentina, Colombia,
Chile, Peru, Venezuela, Dominican Republic, Guatemala, Ecuador, Costa
Rica, Cuba etc.
• Latin America occupies half of all the Americas territory, and it includes
all the climates you can ever think of. A grossly general distribution of
climates would be as follows:-
1. Northern Mexico: Desert
2. Southern Mexico, Central America, Northern Colombia and
3. Most of Brazil: Tropical
4. All Central-Western South America: Mountain climates
5. Central South America: Grassland
6. Southern South-America: Tundra
• India is located between 8 N and 37 N. The Tropic of
Cancer passes through northern India.
• India is bounded to the southwest by Arabian sea, to the south
east by Bay of Bengal and Indian ocean to the south.
• India share its boundary with Pakistan, Nepal, China,
Bangladesh, Bhutan, Afghanistan, Sri-Lanka, Myanmar.
• India is divided into 28 states and 7 union territories.
• India is divided into various physiographic regions which
includes mountains, plateaus, desert, islands and coastal
• The monsoon(the seasonal reversal of wind systems) is the
dominant climate force with summer and winter.
The political system
• For the past fifty years, Latin America has been overwhelmed
by the power of military dictatorships which deeply affected
society as a whole. Few Latin American countries escaped
• The power of the military dictatorships rested on the doctrine
of National Security, whereby the armed forces were awarded
the role of political guardians.
• Politics of India take place in a framework of a federal
parliamentary multi-party representative democratic republic.
• In economics, BRIC (typically rendered as
"the BRICs" or "the BRIC countries" or known
as the "Big Four") is a grouping acronym that
refers to the related countries of Brazil,
Russia, India, and China
• Emerging Nations-encompass over 25% of
the world's land coverage and 40% of the
world's population and hold a combined GDP
(PPP) of 15.435 trillion dollars.
• Goldman Sachs predicts China and India-
dominant global suppliers of manufactured
goods and services while Brazil and Russia
dominant as suppliers of raw materials
India relations with Latin America
• The primary export commodities from Brazil include
transportation equipment, iron ore, soybeans, footwear
• The primary export commodities to Brazil include
machinery, chemicals, oil, automotive equipments and
parts, and electronics
• Both countries want the participation of developing
countries in the UNSC permanent membership
• Trade between India and Mexico amounted to US$1.6 billion
in 2006-2007, compared with only US$251 million in 1990-
• Mexican exports to India: mainly Crude
• Indian Exports to Mexico: pharmaceuticals; gems & jewellery
power sector equipment and auto parts.
• The Major difficulty behind the promotion of trade between
the two nations is geographical distance, lack of direct
shipping facilities, expensive credit, language barrier.
• Formal relations between both the countries were first established
• India has an embassy in Buenos Aires and Argentina has an
embassy in New Delhi.
• Indo-Canadian are the longstanding bilateral relations between
India and Canada, which are built upon a "mutual commitment to
democracy, pluralism, and people-to-people links.
• Bilateral trade between India and Canada was at about C$2.45
• Both countries established diplomatic ties on January 19, 1959.
• Colombia is currently the commercial point of entry into Latin
America for Indian companies.
• India and Paraguay established diplomatic relations on September
• India is represented in Paraguay through its embassy in Buenos
Aires, Argentina and an honorary consulate in Asuncion. Since 2005,
Paraguay has had an embassy in New Delhi.
• TCS opens office in Lima, Peru July 2010.
• CII delegation visit to Brazil, Peru and Chile 1-8 September
• Patni Computer Systems Opens New IT Delivery Center in
Queretaro, Mexico on 12 March 2010.
• Renuka Sugar buys another Brazilian company for US$ 329
million February 2010.
• India opens an embassy in Guatemala.
• Five year multi entry visa for Indian businessmen visiting
Argentina... free of cost....can t believe it..but true !
• Building on operational preferential trade agreements to
negotiate comprehensive economic partnership
• Focusing on investment-led trade as entry points to
• Greater emphasis on services trade across sectors such as
software, education and skill development, tourism, etc.
• Higher business-to-business interaction through dedicated
sectoral and regional dialogue platforms and Incentivising
new sea lines of communication.