INTERNATIONAL UNION FOR THE CONSERVATION OF NATION= WORLD CONVERSATION UNION
Final cambodian biodiversity.pptx [autosaved]
APFNet’s Workshop on Biodiversity
Conservation Challenges in Asia-Pacific:
The Trans-Boundary and Livelihood Dimension
Chiang Mai, Thailand 1-13 November 2015
1- Cambodian Biodiversity Background
2- The Value of Biodiversity
3. Threats to Biodiversity
4. Biodiversity Loss and Extinction
5. Causes of extinction
6. What is being Done to Preserve Biodiversity?
Cambodia is the 69th
most populous country in
the world (Mekong
River, Tonle Sap Lake,
and Angkor Wat Temple)
Bordered by Thailand to
the northwest, Laos to the
Vietnam to the east, and
Gulf of Thailand to the
Population 15 million( 2003)
GDP $2,776 &GDP $1,108
Approximately 95% is
1. Country Background 181,035 Square Kilometers
Evergreen forest 19.27%
Semi evergreen forest7.02%
Deciduous forest 24.68%
Other forest 6.10%
Total forest land 57.07%
Non forest 42.93%
1. 1. Cambodia Forest Type
1.2. Current Status of Forest Cover Changes in Cambodia
2-The Value of Cambodian Biodiversity
•Biodiversity and Ecosystem Services Values
•Direct Economic Values
2.1 Biodiversity and Ecosystem Service Value
• Ecosystem Service Values is totally dependent on the diversity of organisms
• Agriculture is more than just growing plants.
• For example, much different kind of insects is pollinators that are extremely
important to the successful fruiting of plants.
- Habitat Loss
- Introduction of exotic species
- Control of pest organisms
3.Threats to Cambodian Biodiversity
5. Cause of extinction
• Habitat alternation
• Commercial hunting
• Competition with introduce species (No)
• Killed because of superstition (No)
• Captured to serve as pets
• Hunted for food
• Pest control
168 countries signed the Convention on Biological Diversity(CBD), commonly known as the internat
ional biodiversity treaty. The key components of the CBD are that the signatory countries will:
Develop national strategies for the conservation and sustainable use of biological diversity.
Identify components of biological diversity important for its conservation.
Monitor biological diversity.
Identify activities that have adverse impacts on the conservation and sustainable use of biological
Establish a system of protected areas.
Rehabilitate and restore degraded ecosystems promote the recovery of threatened species.
6.What is being Done to Preserve Biodiversity?
III- LAW ENFORCEMENT ACHIEVEMENTS
82 Cases of wildlife offenses were suppressed and 2,126 heads and 1,16
7 kgs of wildlife and wildlife products were confiscated (May 2007-April
2008). (A Basic information for the yearly data of confiscations)
Wildlife Offense Cases were confiscated (May 07- Apr 08)
May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Jan Feb Mar Apr Month
Results 2001 - February 2014
• Rescued Live Wildlife – 56,000 animals
• Dead Wildlife – 33,827 animals
• Wildlife Meat, Bones & Skins Seized –
• Traders Apprehended – 2,792
The team has successfully reduced the availability of wild
life products in 90% of Phnom Penh’s restaurants and dis
rupted the trade country-wide by nearly 75%.
• The custom officials and Anti-Economic Crime Polices
have confiscated illegal wildlife and wildlife products a
nd have turned all evidence confiscated to FA to take
measures based on Forestry Law.
Receiving the wildlife evidence confiscated fr
om Custom officers Receiving the wildlife evidence confiscated from
The IUCN classifies species in danger of extinction into four
categories: ENDANGERED, VULNERABLE, RARE, AND INDETERMINATE.
Therefore Cambodian Forestry Administration are now working on
Developed national strategies is know as “National Forest Program
2009-2029” for the conservation and sustainable use of biological
Monitoring biological diversity
Established a system of protected areas
Developed and maintain necessary legislation, forestry law and
memorandums for the protection of threatened species and populatio
ns and integrate consideration of the conservation and sustainable us
e of biological resources into national decision making.