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Dos And Donts Of Ride On Equipment

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Dos And Donts Of Ride On Equipment

  1. 1. Presented by: Greg Pavlovcic Branch Manager, Columbus Ron Rados Branch Manager, Cleveland December 10, 2009 The Do's and Don'ts of Mechanized Equipment
  2. 2. Do’s <ul><li>Learn The Equipment </li></ul>Don’ts Training <ul><li>Rely on Manual </li></ul>Load/Safety Calibration Familiarity Maintenence Winter Maintenence <ul><li>Load & Safety </li></ul><ul><li>Guessing Game </li></ul><ul><li>Calibration </li></ul><ul><li>No Calibration </li></ul><ul><li>Maintenance </li></ul><ul><li>Neglect </li></ul><ul><li>Winter Maintenance </li></ul><ul><li>Just Throw on Trailer </li></ul><ul><li>Familiarity with Property </li></ul><ul><li>Use Where You Shouldn’t </li></ul>Calibration Process
  3. 3. Why use Mechanized Equipment ? <ul><li>Productivity </li></ul><ul><li>Consistency </li></ul><ul><li>Accuracy </li></ul><ul><li>Uniformity </li></ul><ul><li>Safety </li></ul>Why Use Mechanized Equipment…
  4. 4. Walking with a Spreader <ul><li>18 to 26 Stops a day </li></ul><ul><li>About 135 to 200 M a day </li></ul><ul><li>$750.00 to $1000.00 a day </li></ul><ul><li>in revenue </li></ul><ul><li>Need to go over the lawn twice </li></ul><ul><li>to complete the lawn. Once to </li></ul><ul><li>fertilize and once to spray weeds </li></ul><ul><li>Need to carry 200 – 400 gallons </li></ul><ul><li>of water mixed with chemical </li></ul>Why Use Mechanized Equipment…
  5. 5. Using a Ride On Spreader <ul><li>25 to 46 stops a day </li></ul><ul><li>About 225 to 850 M a day </li></ul><ul><li>$1300.00 to $3000.00 a day </li></ul><ul><li>in revenue </li></ul><ul><li>Only need to go over the lawn </li></ul><ul><li>once </li></ul><ul><li>No need to pull hose over the </li></ul><ul><li>lawn to spray weeds </li></ul><ul><li>Carry multiple products </li></ul>Why Use Mechanized Equipment…
  6. 6. We Still Need to Walk Some Areas Why Use Mechanized Equipment…
  7. 7. Consistency, Accuracy, & Uniformity Factor <ul><li>Same speed all day long </li></ul><ul><li>Even spray pattern </li></ul><ul><li>Same rate from start to finish </li></ul><ul><li>A lot less applicator fatigue </li></ul><ul><li>Can calibrate all equipment to </li></ul><ul><li>Spray and fertilize at the same rate </li></ul>Why Use Mechanized Equipment…
  8. 8. Why Ride On Equipment is Safer <ul><li>Keeps the applicator out of the fertilizer </li></ul><ul><li>Keeps the applicator out of the spray pattern </li></ul><ul><li>Less applicator fatigue </li></ul><ul><li>Fill up less often </li></ul><ul><li>You need to pull hose all over lawn then reel it up with chemical on it </li></ul><ul><li>Fertilizer and spray pattern are out front and easy to see when operating </li></ul>Why Use Mechanized Equipment…
  9. 9. Employee Training <ul><li>Read company employee </li></ul><ul><li>manual </li></ul><ul><li>Basic fertilizer knowledge </li></ul><ul><li>Training on all equipment </li></ul><ul><li>(At Shop) </li></ul><ul><li>Ride along training </li></ul><ul><li>Second ride along Two weeks later </li></ul><ul><li>Get Pesticide License </li></ul>Why Use Mechanized Equipment
  10. 10. Why Calibration is Important <ul><li>Product Performance </li></ul><ul><li>Label Rates </li></ul><ul><li>Product Failure </li></ul><ul><li>Turf Damage </li></ul><ul><li>Staying within Budget </li></ul><ul><li>Compliance with Ohio Department of Agriculture </li></ul>
  11. 11. When Calibration Goes Wrong Why Calibration is Important…
  12. 12. When Calibration Goes Wrong Why Calibration is Important…
  13. 13. When Calibration Goes Wrong Why Calibration is Important…
  14. 14. When Calibration Goes Wrong Why Calibration is Important…
  15. 15. The Calibration Difference… Why Calibration is Important…
  16. 16. Staying Within Budget <ul><li>Bag Coverage </li></ul><ul><li>Round Requirement </li></ul><ul><li>Bags Needed </li></ul><ul><li>Price per Bag </li></ul><ul><li>Price for Round </li></ul><ul><li>10,500 sq. ft. </li></ul><ul><li>20 mill sq. </li></ul><ul><li>1905 bags </li></ul><ul><li>$17.00 </li></ul><ul><li>$32,385 </li></ul>Why Calibration is Important… Estimated Correctly Estimated Incorrectly 12,000 sq. ft. 20 mill sq ft 1667 bags $17.00 $28,339 Difference of $4,046 Example #1
  17. 17. Staying Within Budget <ul><li>Bag Coverage </li></ul><ul><li>Round Requirement </li></ul><ul><li>Bags Needed </li></ul><ul><li>Price per Bag </li></ul><ul><li>Price for Round </li></ul><ul><li>10,500 sq. ft. </li></ul><ul><li>20 mill sq. </li></ul><ul><li>1905 bags </li></ul><ul><li>$38.00 </li></ul><ul><li>$72,390 </li></ul>Why Calibration is Important… Estimated Correctly Estimated Incorrectly 12,000 sq. ft. 20 mill sq ft 1667 bags $38.00 $63,346 Difference of $9,044 Example #2
  18. 18. A Beautiful Lawn Doesn’t Happen by Itself Why Calibration is Important…
  19. 19. Two Types of Calibration <ul><li>Liquid Calibration </li></ul>Granular Calibration Why Calibration is Important… Granular Calibration
  20. 20. How to Begin Calibration Process <ul><li>Select Fertilizer </li></ul><ul><li>Know Rate Per 1000 Square Feet </li></ul><ul><li>Select Speed for Application </li></ul><ul><li>Select Spreader Width for Fertilizer </li></ul><ul><li>Ensure Fertilizer / Spray Width Cover Same Area </li></ul>Why Calibration is Important…
  21. 21. Granular and Liquid Calibration Process Granular & Liquid Calibration Process… Things Needed To Start Do The Math & Verify Speed Verify Spread Width Equipment Maintenance
  22. 22. Granular and Liquid Calibration Process Granular & Liquid Calibration Process… Things Needed To Start
  23. 23. Things Needed to Start <ul><li>Bring: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Machine </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Applicator </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Marking flags </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Stop watch </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Scale </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Bucket </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Product </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Equipment folder </li></ul></ul>Granular & Liquid Calibration Process…
  24. 24. Granular and Liquid Calibration Process Granular & Liquid Calibration Process… Things Needed To Start Do The Math & Verify Speed
  25. 25. Do the Math <ul><li>What we know: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>5,280 feet in 1 mile </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>60 minutes in 1 hour </li></ul></ul><ul><li>What we want: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Travel 5 miles per hour </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Spread Width is 5 feet wide from center to center </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>We want to apply 5 pounds of fertilizer per 1000 square feet </li></ul></ul>Granular & Liquid Calibration Process…
  26. 26. Do the Math <ul><li>Find how far you will travel in 1 minute at 1 mile per hour </li></ul>5,280 feet per mile ÷ 60 minutes per hour = 88 feet traveled in one minute Granular & Liquid Calibration Process…
  27. 27. Do the Math <ul><li>2. We want to travel 5 mph and find out how far we will travel in 1 minute: </li></ul>5 mph × 88 feet = 440 feet traveled in 1 minute Granular & Liquid Calibration Process…
  28. 28. Do the Math <ul><li>3. To make things easier, break it down to thirty seconds: </li></ul>220 feet in thirty seconds × 5 feet spreader width = 1,100 square feet 220 feet Granular & Liquid Calibration Process…
  29. 29. Verify Speed <ul><li>Measure out 220 feet </li></ul><ul><li>Set stops for handles </li></ul><ul><li>Set RPM with throttle </li></ul><ul><li>Start timing when machine passes flags </li></ul><ul><li>Check time when machine reaches 220 feet </li></ul><ul><li>Adjust throttle and repeat until 30 seconds is reached </li></ul><ul><li>Record RPM’s </li></ul>220 feet Granular & Liquid Calibration Process…
  30. 30. Do the Math <ul><li>2. If you wanted to travel 6 mph and find out how far we will travel in 1 minute: </li></ul>6 mph × 88 feet = 528 feet traveled in 1 minute Granular & Liquid Calibration Process…
  31. 31. Do the Math <ul><li>3. To make things easier, break it down to thirty seconds: </li></ul>264 feet in thirty seconds × 5 feet spreader width = 1,320 square feet 220 feet 264 feet Granular & Liquid Calibration Process…
  32. 32. Do the Math <ul><li>4. Change 1,100 square feet to number of M’s. </li></ul>1,100 square feet ÷ 1000 square feet = 1.1 M’s Granular & Liquid Calibration Process…
  33. 33. Do the Math <ul><li>4. Change 1,320 square feet to # of M’s. </li></ul>1,320 square feet ÷ 1000 square feet = 1.32 M’s Granular & Liquid Calibration Process…
  34. 34. Do the Math <ul><li>6. We know we will cover 1,320 square feet: </li></ul>5 lbs. product x 1.1 thousand square feet = 5.5 lbs. needed to cover 1,100 square feet 5 lbs. product x 1.32 thousand square feet = 6.6 lbs. needed to cover 1,320 square feet <ul><li>We know we will cover 1,100 square feet: </li></ul>Granular & Liquid Calibration Process…
  35. 35. Granular and Liquid Calibration Process Granular & Liquid Calibration Process… Things Needed To Start Do The Math & Verify Speed Verify Spread Width
  36. 36. Flagging Distance & Spreader Width 5 feet Granular & Liquid Calibration Process…
  37. 37. Fertilizer Pattern <ul><li>Make sure to measure from center of both passes </li></ul><ul><li>Make sure the fertilizer pattern width allows spray pattern to overlap properly </li></ul>Granular & Liquid Calibration Process…
  38. 38. Rate Dial and Fertilizer Granular & Liquid Calibration Process…
  39. 39. The Calibration Run <ul><li>Put the 5.5 lbs. of fertilizer in the empty hopper and drive to 220 feet marker </li></ul><ul><li>If you run out you will need to lower your rate dial and try again </li></ul><ul><li>If you have some left you will need to increase your rate dial and try again </li></ul><ul><li>Always move over five feet before making another pass to avoid over fertilizing </li></ul><ul><li>Always record fertilizer type, tachometer reading, and number on the rate dial for future reference </li></ul>220 feet Granular & Liquid Calibration Process…
  40. 40. When To Calibrate <ul><li>Product changes </li></ul><ul><li>When you change fertilizer companies </li></ul><ul><li>If fertilizer bag count and weed control do not match square footage done at end of day </li></ul><ul><li>If problems occur such as: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Striping </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Product failure </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Turf damage </li></ul></ul>Granular & Liquid Calibration Process…
  41. 41. Two Types of Calibration <ul><li>Granular Calibration </li></ul><ul><li>Liquid Calibration </li></ul>Granular & Liquid Calibration Process… Liquid Calibration
  42. 42. How to Begin Calibration Process <ul><li>Select nozzle type </li></ul><ul><li>Know Rate Per 1000 Square Feet </li></ul><ul><li>Select Speed for Application </li></ul><ul><li>Know Spray Width and amount of nozzles used </li></ul><ul><li>Ensure Fertilizer / Spray Width Cover Same Area </li></ul>Granular & Liquid Calibration Process…
  43. 43. Do the Math <ul><li>What we know: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Nozzle type </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Number of nozzles </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Nozzle spacing </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Where to set the tachometer </li></ul></ul><ul><li>What we want: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Travel 5 miles per hour </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Spread Width is 5 feet wide from center to center </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>We want to spray a half gallon of water per 1000 square feet </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Spray at 40 psi </li></ul></ul>Granular & Liquid Calibration Process…
  44. 44. Finding the Nozzle <ul><li>Find the nozzle type you are using on chart </li></ul><ul><li>find 5 mph and gallons per 1000 square feet </li></ul><ul><li>Find PSI </li></ul><ul><li>Then find nozzle color </li></ul>Granular & Liquid Calibration Process…
  45. 45. Finding the Nozzle Granular & Liquid Calibration Process…
  46. 46. Check the Chart <ul><li>Collect water from each nozzle for 30 seconds </li></ul><ul><li>Should equal half a gallon </li></ul><ul><li>If it does not check nozzles and strainers and adjust psi </li></ul><ul><li>Why some nozzles might put out more water </li></ul>Granular & Liquid Calibration Process…
  47. 47. Show Tank and Valves Granular & Liquid Calibration Process…
  48. 48. Calibrating Hand Sprayer <ul><li>Collect water from the nozzle for 30 seconds </li></ul><ul><li>We want half a gallon per 30 seconds </li></ul><ul><li>If it does not equal half a gallon, adjust PSI and try again </li></ul><ul><li>Write down PSI </li></ul><ul><li>Always adjust to the proper psi when using hand sprayer </li></ul>Granular & Liquid Calibration Process…
  49. 49. Spray Pattern Stay 2 feet away from bed edge Granular & Liquid Calibration Process…
  50. 50. Herbicide Damage to Trees and Shrubs Granular & Liquid Calibration Process…
  51. 51. Spraying By Hand and Near Beds Granular & Liquid Calibration Process…
  52. 52. Granular and Liquid Calibration Process Granular & Liquid Calibration Process… Things Needed To Start Do The Math & Verify Speed Verify Spread Width Equipment Maintenance
  53. 53. Machine Maintenance Important For Calibration <ul><li>Nozzle </li></ul><ul><li>Strainer </li></ul><ul><li>Impeller </li></ul><ul><li>Keep machine and frame clean </li></ul><ul><li>Clean Hopper </li></ul><ul><li>Engine </li></ul><ul><li>Tire pressure </li></ul>Granular & Liquid Calibration Process…
  54. 54. Got Calibration ???? Granular & Liquid Calibration Process…
  55. 55. Dirty Filter & Nozzle Can Lead to Chemical Burn in Turf Granular & Liquid Calibration Process…
  56. 56. Dirty Impeller Can Lead to Striped Lawn Granular & Liquid Calibration Process…
  57. 57. Clean Impeller, Rate Dial and Frame <ul><li>Clean hopper, rate dial and machine after every couple of stops </li></ul><ul><li>Build up of fertilizer may fall off and cause burn spots in the lawn </li></ul><ul><li>Dirty and clogged hopper will lead to stripping </li></ul>Granular & Liquid Calibration Process…
  58. 58. Check Nozzles Every Day Granular & Liquid Calibration Process…
  59. 59. Winter Equipment Maintenance <ul><li>Engine Work </li></ul><ul><li>Tires and Spindles checked and replaced </li></ul><ul><li>Frame is checked </li></ul><ul><li>Spray system checked </li></ul><ul><li>Nozzles changed </li></ul><ul><li>Equipment cleaned </li></ul><ul><li>Hoses checked and replaced </li></ul>Granular & Liquid Calibration Process…
  60. 60. Works on all Types of Equipment Granular & Liquid Calibration Process…
  61. 61. Why Calibration is Important <ul><li>Product Performance </li></ul><ul><li>Product Failure </li></ul><ul><li>Label Rates </li></ul><ul><li>Turf Damage </li></ul><ul><li>Staying within Budget </li></ul><ul><li>Compliance with Ohio Department Agriculture </li></ul>Granular & Liquid Calibration Process…
  62. 62. You are Ready to Fertilize
  63. 63. Presented by: Greg Pavlovcic Branch Manager, Columbus Ron Rados Branch Manager, Cleveland December 10, 2009 The Do's and Don'ts of Mechanized Equipment

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