Importance of primary sector


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Importance of primary sector

  1. 1. Transforming India and Indian Villages to ourExpectations is a Dream or Reality Kanagiri S Prasad : Director Kanagiri Infotech Pvt Ltd, Hyderabad. Email:,
  2. 2. Introduction It looks fine that we are ahead in all fields and we are progressing very fast when compared to other countries. To become stronger we have to concentrate on our primary sector and we should not neglect our agriculture. We have to improvise further in agriculture sector substantially and the new technology should reach each and every farmer.
  3. 3. Introduction - 2 India lives mainly in its villages, 600,000 of them. The village remains the basic unit of the Indian society and roughly 65% of the population is rural. They constitute the backbone of what is still, largely, an agricultural economy. Agriculture is the mainstay of the majority of the population in India. Extremes in climate and a variety of soil conditions have made possible the cultivation of almost every item from cash crops to foodgrains. Indias growth in per capita food production during 1979- 92 was about 1.6% per annum, which is the highest growth rate in the world during this period. (Source:
  4. 4. Introduction - 3 Today, India ranks second worldwide in farm output. Agriculture and allied sectors like forestry and logging and accounted for 16.6% of the GDP in 2007, employed 52% of the total workforce and despite a steady decline of its share in the GDP, is still the largest economic sector and plays a significant role in the overall socio-economic development of India.
  5. 5. Introduction - 3 India is the largest producer in the world of milk, cashew nuts, coconuts, tea,ginger, turmeric and black pepper. It also has the worlds largest cattle population (281 million). It is the second largest producer of wheat, rice, sugar, groundnut and inland fish It is the third largest producer of tobacco. India accounts for 10% of the world fruit production with first rank in the production of banana and sapota. Indias population is growing faster than its ability to produce rice and wheat.
  6. 6. Green Revolution First Green Revolution: Indias food-grains production has hovered around a fifth of a billion tonnes mark in recent years. More than self- sufficient, India frequently exports its surpluses. India in 55 years has emerged from famine ridden colonial times, as a famine free Republic. Its population has nearly tripled in that period. More significantly, India in 1947,lost some of its most fertile lands. But she has managed to stand up and falsify many prophesies of doom. India was the greatest success story of the Green Revolution. Although today her agriculture is at a cross-roads again, the Green Revolution of the sixties gained some crucial decades for India in which to rethink her way forward. The Revolution is also worth remembering for Indias capacity for collective action. Pause a while therefore, before you decry Indias administration for every ill in the land. (source:www.
  7. 7. Second Green Revolution The Second Green Revolution of boosting food-grain output in India to 400 million tons in next 15 years is need of the day. Its achieving is not very difficult. Rather it is achievable if mindset on introducing newer technology is changed. India has to whole-heartedly embrace the new technology. Private sector is better suited to deliver results than government managed schemes. Governments on the other hand can play a key role in expediting irrigation schemes and managing water resources.( 070325.htm)
  8. 8. Ministry Of Agriculture OnCommercializing agriculture Production In recent years, much emphasis has been given by the Ministry of Agriculture on commercializing agricultural production in the country. Adequate production and distribution of food has become a high priority and global concern. In the fast changing world and increasing competition in a globalised economy, there is a need of exploiting the available resources at maximum level and use of best technologies available world over, to cope with domestic demand of food and also to target export market.
  9. 9. Double the production The Ministry is aiming to double the production of all horticulture crops through NHM and disseminating latest and modern practices of production and post harvest care. It is also encouraging the farmers to diversify from traditional crops to high value horticulture crops for long term economic development
  10. 10. Right Use Of Technology As is well known, right use of technology holds the key to sort out many problems in agriculture and allied sectors. Modern technology needs to be adopted to improve the functioning of the entire agricultural activities. (source : agritech inida – 2010-www.agriculture
  11. 11. Major Bottlenecks Persistent inequalities ineffective delivery of public services, weak accountability systems and gaps in implementation of proper policies are the major bottlenecks to progress” Experts view published in Deccan chronicle on September 18 th 2010.
  12. 12. Indian children : Under Nourishment A United Nations Development program report released on Friday .i.e on 17 th September 2010 states that Indian accounts for 50 percent of the hungry lot. Over 46 percent of Indian children are undernourished. No doubt India might be an aspirant superpower but one has to check these very seriously about under privileged
  13. 13. Proposal My case study emphasizes that how to reach the New technology in each and every village of India. I have a proposal and I would like to give an example of Andhra Pradesh study. In Andhra Pradesh we have 1110 mandals. The mandal concept has been introduced by Sri N T Rama Rao in the year 1983
  14. 14. Agricultural Research Institutes in Hyderabad We have major Agriculture research institutes’ are located in Hyderabad like International Crops research Institute for the semi arid tropics (ICRISAT), Central research Institute for Dry land Agriculture (CRIDA) .NG Ranga Agriculture University – Rajendra Nagar. Baptala Agriculture University , SV Agriculture University-Tirupathi,Water and Land Management training and Research Institute (Walamatri), Nation Institute o The world vegetable centre of south Asia – (AVRDC – ICRISAT), International Water Management Institute of South Asia Region located at ICRISAT (IWMI), Maize research Station in Hyderabad, National Institute of agricultural Management (MANAGE) ,National Institute of Rural Development (NIRD), National Institute of Nutrition (NIN) and many more…….
  15. 15. Need of the Hour The Need of the hour is……. “ The Second Green Revolution” and Sustainability and withstanding the climate change (Global Warming)We have to take the advice of our earlier green revolution mentor of Prof M S Swaminathan and his team and also we need to consult Renowned Agro climatologists on this subject. Our President Smt Prathiba patel has also given emphasis on Second Green Revolution on our independence day celebration held at Red fort New Delhi on 15 th august 2010.
  16. 16. Example for Maximum Yield is interesting to note that a lady (DhoodheddaIt .Suguna )from Village Katkoor of BachannapetaMandalam of Warangal District of Andhra Pradeshhas produced maximum yield for (In one acre nearlyeighty bags)very recently and she has been invited tovisit USA On 9 th October to attend a Internationalworkshop on World Food Production and relatedIssues. Along with her a lady from Tamil nadu alsobeen selected for the same. It has been published inEenadu “Vasundara” on 13-09-2010.
  17. 17. Success Stories : These farmers have set an example to others to . achieve maximum yield. The success story of these women has to be screened and should be shown all the farmers of Andhra Pradesh.
  18. 18. Interdisciplinary approach: All the Research institutes are required to form a . forum representing each person from those particular institutes. The collective representative are experts in subjects like dry farming, water management soil experts ,fertilizer experts, waste management experts, nutrition experts, Horticulture experts, Vegetable experts, Agronomists Agro climatologists, Watershed management experts , pest control experts so on so forth.
  19. 19. ModeI They have to study 1104 mandals and should develop a model (web page) in each mandal and every mandal to suggest what crops are grown based on the fertility of the soil and availability of water so on so forth. They have to review their progress once in a month in order to get better yield and results for the benefit of the farmers.
  20. 20. New Technology The new technology has to reach the farmers by way of mobile phones only. Each Farmer has a mobile. The information about the soil and what time &what kind of crops are grown and what are the precautions has to be taken in case of alarming situations has to be passed through voice linked messages . Google India has developed site for all the regional languages why can’t we send the same needed information(messages) to the farmers with voice linked in their respective regional languages.
  21. 21. New Technology II We need to provide in each and every mandal Automatic weather stations of indigenous and these weather station should be linked with the main frame located at state headquarters. The daily weather has to be sent to farmers through message to their mobile phones.
  22. 22. Government Initiation I just came to know that one company in Hyderabad named is providing the weather stations at a very reasonable and affordable cost. The Government of Andhra Pradesh has to initiate action on this
  23. 23. The Role of IMD I have read in the news paper three days back that the newly installed radar at IMD Hyderabad. The IMD director said they will be in a position tell everyone before two hours advance about any kind of hazards pertaining to the climatic conditions of that region that they inform the same through sending messages to their mobiles. Really it is a welcoming sign
  24. 24. Farmer’s Need better Justification By implementing these measures In spite of all these we have to do certain things: 1. Free supply of electricity more than 10 hour s a day irrespective of small, marginal and large farmer. (as the Government of Andhra Pradesh is doing now for 7 hours ) 2. Crops insurance has to be taken as government responsibility in order to unforeseen circumstance farmers should not be affected. 3. Farmers pass books have to issue to everyone. Loans has to be arrange from the Nationalize Banks or through the Gramena cooperative banks or District cooperative banks. Pavala Vaddi has to be given to all marginal and small farmers.
  25. 25. Farmer’s Need better Justification By implementing these measures II 4. Supply of fertilizers should be given top priority and there should not be any kind of shortages and the government has to consider this issue very seriously and it has happened very recently in Andhra Pradesh. 5. Drinking water and construction of the toilets has to be encouraged by giving subsidy to them. 6. Farmers have to be provided with free mobile phones where incoming calls and incoming of messages are assured. 7. Farmers should be provided cold storage units
  26. 26. Farmer’s Need better Justification By implementing these measures III 8. Middle men problems have to be resolved while selling their products in nearby mandals and towns. 9. During unseasonal they should be given work on NREGS (National Rural Employment Guarantee Scheme) And may be many more other have to add the missing priorities.
  27. 27. Conclusion Finally I say We have everything resources , experts , planners, Good governments but we lack the proper implementation of the projects , weak accountability ,passing the responsibility on other shoulders so on so forth and these are our major bottlenecks to our progress. We talk about our technology very high but it has to reach everyone then only we are ahead of others and definitely one day we will be ahead in the race of superpowers.