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Speed control on minibuses


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Speed control on minibuses

  1. 1. POLS 7050 Public Administration Case Study: Speed control on minibuses LO Kam-wah (09425616) TANG Wai-yip (09409564)
  2. 2. Red-top minibus ran on pedestrian and the driver finally convicted guilty in court. (Video taken by others and put on Y ou T ube) Three people died at the scene and a fourth in hospital on 25 July 2009 in a Yuen Long crach involving a minibus and a container truck.
  3. 3. Background of the case <ul><li>1118 & 1017 minibus related accidents in 2007 & 2008 </li></ul><ul><li>17 people died & 899 injured in 2007 14 people died & 1603 injured in 2008 </li></ul><ul><li>Government officials & Transport Advisory Committee (TAC) </li></ul><ul><li>were discussing the issue since 2002 </li></ul><ul><li>Measures introduced </li></ul><ul><ul><li>S eat belts and high-back seats </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>S peed Display Device (SDD) </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Enhance h ardware of minibuses to reduce n o. of accidents & </li></ul><ul><li>improve road safety </li></ul>
  4. 4. <ul><li>However, fatal accident s still occurred nearly once a month </li></ul>Background of the case
  5. 5. Background of the case <ul><li>According to annual report of Transport Complaints Unit in 2008, 57% and 79% of comlpaints about imporper driving behaviour, misconduct and poor performance of minibus drivers </li></ul><ul><li>Government’s view: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Drivers’ attitude & Speeding were main problems </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Three new measures will be launched including :_ a) Installation of Speed Limiter s; b) Installation of Black Box es; & c) Mandatory P re-service T raining for new drivers . </li></ul>
  6. 6. Speed Limiter s <ul><li>Function </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Limit fuel to engine to control max. speed </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Objectives </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Prevent Speeding offence </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Protect road users, passengers & drivers </li></ul></ul>
  7. 7. Speed Limiters <ul><li>Advantages </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Lower opportunity of fatal accidents by speeding </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Reduced max. speed </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Lower law enforcement cost </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Police do not need to pretend passengers to collect speeding evidences </li></ul></ul></ul>
  8. 8. Speed Limiters <ul><li>Potential Problems </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Exceeding speed in non-highways </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>For red-top minibus </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Income decreased for less trips </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Speeding in non-highways to increase overall speed </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Increase risk of collision </li></ul></ul></ul>
  9. 9. <ul><li>Potential Problems </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Increased opportunity of breaching Road Traffic Ordinance </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Dashing through cross roads in front of the RED traffic lights </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Allowing passengers to get on minibuses in restricted areas </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Recent news : A red- top minibus driver even drove into the pedestrian </li></ul></ul></ul>Speed Limiters
  10. 10. <ul><li>Technical difficulties </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Non applicable to vehicles fed by liquefied petroleum gas </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Shift to drive such vehicles to evade control </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Only control maximum speed </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Non applicable for roads with lower speed limits </li></ul></ul></ul>Speed Limiters
  11. 11. Black Box <ul><li>A device like what installed in aircrafts </li></ul><ul><li>Record date, time, speed, drivers ’ actions & </li></ul><ul><li>minibus reactions </li></ul><ul><li>B etter understanding to what happens when accident s occur </li></ul>
  12. 12. Black Box <ul><li>Advantage s </li></ul><ul><li>Simpl e to implement </li></ul><ul><li>No subsidy will be given by Government </li></ul><ul><li>Unauthorised alteration to the device commits an offence </li></ul>
  13. 13. Black Box <ul><li>Potential Problems </li></ul><ul><li>Unable to prevent accidents caused by speeding </li></ul><ul><li>Only a data-collecting machine & no effect on driving </li></ul>
  14. 14. Mandatory Pre-service training for new drivers <ul><li>Apart from PLB Driver Training Course & Driving Improvement Course </li></ul><ul><li>Compulsory pre-service course before getting minibus driving license </li></ul><ul><li>E mphasized on :_ </li></ul><ul><ul><li>R oad safety, passenger safety, driving behaviour & attitude, service skills, handling accidents, emergency vehicle control & road safety regulations </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Aim : I mprove the driving attitude </li></ul>
  15. 15. <ul><li>Advantage </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Educating drivers before they commence business </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Precautionary measure to avoid imporper driving behaviour & misconduct </li></ul></ul>Mandatory Pre-service training for new drivers
  16. 16. <ul><li>Potential Problems </li></ul><ul><ul><li>T he point is: Any motivati on for drivers to commit traffic offences? Any inducement for speeding? </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Cannot solve the ultimate problem behind </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Drivers will insist their driving behaviour </li></ul></ul>Mandatory Pre-service training for new drivers
  17. 17. Main Reason s <ul><li>1. Salary structure </li></ul><ul><ul><li>For employees </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Income = % x (Fare revenue – fuel cost) </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>For sole proprietors </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Income = Fare revenue – (maintenance & fuel cost) </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Maximising no. of trips = maximising potential income </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Rush in every trip </li></ul></ul>
  18. 18. <ul><li>2. Bad driving attitude </li></ul><ul><ul><li>For red-top minibus drivers </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Problematic salary structure </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>For green-top minibus drivers </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Want more break between trips </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Secret part-time jobs </li></ul></ul></ul>Main Reason s
  19. 19. <ul><li>3. Wrong concepts </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Not easily be caught by Police </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Offences not reported by passengers </li></ul></ul>Main Reason s
  20. 20. <ul><li>4. Cost effective for breaching traffic laws </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Increase in income from law breaking </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>> </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Fines for breaking laws (∵little chance?) </li></ul></ul>Main Reason s
  21. 21. Speed Limiter for real problem s <ul><li>Create new potential problems </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Exceeding speed in non-highways </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Increased opportunity of breaching Road Traffic Ordinance </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Technical difficulties </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Major causes:_ </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Driving too close to the vehicles in front </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Careless lane changing </li></ul></ul>
  22. 23. Black Box for real problem s <ul><li>Black Box functions only after accidents occur </li></ul><ul><li>Cannot relate the speeds to specific roads </li></ul><ul><li>Illegal alteration to the device as Speed Display Device (SDD) </li></ul>
  23. 24. Pre-service training for real problem s <ul><li>Drivers will not strictly adhere to regulations </li></ul><ul><li>Driver will not follow what they have learnt </li></ul>
  24. 25. Alternative Solutions <ul><li>Profit sharing scheme & Sole proprietorship (Red-top minibus) </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Owners only concern profits but not driving behaviour </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Long-term problem </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Only long-term solution: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Replacing all red-top minibuses by green-top ones </li></ul></ul>Adjusting Salary Structure
  25. 26. Alternative Solutions External Indic a tor Lights <ul><li>Installed on the top of minibuses </li></ul><ul><li>Different lights indicate different ranges of speed </li></ul><ul><li>Alert other road users </li></ul><ul><li>Police can easily detect the speeding offence </li></ul><ul><li>Drivers prevent s peeding because Police can eas ily detect </li></ul>
  26. 27. Alternative Solutions Enhance passengers’ responsibilities <ul><li>Passengers bear repsonsibility on speeding </li></ul><ul><li>Not report to Police because enjoying advantage </li></ul><ul><li>B ut blame drivers once a ccidents occur </li></ul><ul><li>Recommendation: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>R ewarding system for complaints of successful prosecution </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Financed by part of fine from traffic offences </li></ul></ul>
  27. 28. <ul><li>Driving-offence point scheme (max. 18 pts.) </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Failing to comply with traffic signals : 5 pts. </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Recommendation: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Increase to 10 pts. for same offence in cross roads </li></ul></ul>Alternative Solutions Increase Penalty
  28. 29. <ul><li>Failure to keep a safe distance from vehicle in front & Careless lane changing </li></ul><ul><li>Present Offence: Careless driving </li></ul><ul><li>Recommendation: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Specific offences legislation </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Loss for fine > potential income </li></ul></ul>Alternative Solutions Increase Penalty
  29. 30. Thank you!