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3/16/2015M K Islam/ ME 359
After the lesson you may learn:
 MIS concept
 MIS definition and elements
 Role and Impact of MIS in management
 MIS and Computer inter-relations
 MIS in Decision making
 Comparative study of MIS and DSS
3/16/2015M K Islam/ ME 359
MIS Concept
3/16/2015M K Islam/ ME 359
MIS
• Initially MIS was used to process data from the
organization. The system was largely capable of
handling the data from collection to processing.
• At present it in the form of reports at regular intervals.
to pick and choose the processed data and use it for
the requirements.
Modified when a distinction was made between data and
information.
analysis of data>> Information.
Raw material >> finished product.
 The MIS is defined as a system which provides
information support for decision making in the
organization.
 The MIS is defined as an integrated system of man and
machine for providing the information to support the
operations, the management and the decision making
function in the organization.
 The MIS is defined as a system based on the database
of the organization evolved for the purpose of
providing information to the people in the organization.
3/16/2015M K Islam/ ME 359
 HEART>> Blood flow
 MIS>> Information flow
3/16/2015M K Islam/ ME 359
Sent to needy destinations
a group of individuals, the management
functionaries: the managers and the top
management.
Processing
To get the right information
Collection
Data from various sources
 MIS helps in Strategic Planning, Management Control,
Operational Control and Transaction Processing.
 The MIS helps the junior management personnel by
providing the operational data for planning, scheduling
and control, and helps them further in decision making.
 The MIS helps the middle management in short them
planning, target setting and controlling the business
functions.
 It plays the role of information generation,
communication, problem identification and helps in the
process of decision
3/16/2015M K Islam/ ME 359
MIS creates an impact on the organization’s functions,
performance and productivity.
 With MIS support the management of marking, finance,
production and personnel become more efficient. A disciplined
information reporting system creates a structured data and a
knowledge base for all the people in the organization. The
information is available in such a form that it can be used
straight away or by blending analysis, saving the managers
valuable time.
 A well designed system with a focus on the manger makes an
impact on the managerial efficiency. It improves the decision
making ability.
3/16/2015M K Islam/ ME 359
 Studying the individual’s time utilization and its
application >> 70 % of the time is spent in recording,
searching, processing and communication. This is a
large overhead in the organization. The MIS has a
direct impact on this overhead. It creates an
information- based work culture in the organization.
3/16/2015M K Islam/ ME 359
Without computer >> MIS is infeasible
 The variety of the hardware having distinct capabilities makes it possible to
design the MIS for a specific situation. For example, if the organization needs
a large database and very little processing, a computer system is available for
such a requirement.
 The computer system provides the facilities such as READ ONLY where you
cannot delete to UPDATE.
 Software, an integral part of a computer system, further enhances the
hardware capability. The software is available to handle the procedural and
nonprocedural data processing. For example, if you want to use a formula to
calculate a certain result, an efficient language is available to handle the
situation.
3/16/2015M K Islam/ ME 359
Foundation of MIS is the management theory
 The inventory control, queuing theory, and resource
programming are used in the MIS as decision support
systems.
 Application of PERT / CPM to a project planning is now
easily possible through the MIS support.
 The MIS becomes rich in content and more useful when it
becomes more and more a decision- making or decision-
support system. That is possible when it builds decision
making systems in MIS which in turn is possible if it draws
tools, techniques, methods, rules and principles from pure
and application science, and use them as an integral part of
the system.
3/16/2015M K Islam/ ME 359
3/16/2015M K Islam/ ME 359
3/16/2015M K Islam/ ME 359

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Management information systems

  • 2. After the lesson you may learn:  MIS concept  MIS definition and elements  Role and Impact of MIS in management  MIS and Computer inter-relations  MIS in Decision making  Comparative study of MIS and DSS 3/16/2015M K Islam/ ME 359
  • 3. MIS Concept 3/16/2015M K Islam/ ME 359 MIS • Initially MIS was used to process data from the organization. The system was largely capable of handling the data from collection to processing. • At present it in the form of reports at regular intervals. to pick and choose the processed data and use it for the requirements. Modified when a distinction was made between data and information. analysis of data>> Information. Raw material >> finished product.
  • 4.  The MIS is defined as a system which provides information support for decision making in the organization.  The MIS is defined as an integrated system of man and machine for providing the information to support the operations, the management and the decision making function in the organization.  The MIS is defined as a system based on the database of the organization evolved for the purpose of providing information to the people in the organization. 3/16/2015M K Islam/ ME 359
  • 5.  HEART>> Blood flow  MIS>> Information flow 3/16/2015M K Islam/ ME 359 Sent to needy destinations a group of individuals, the management functionaries: the managers and the top management. Processing To get the right information Collection Data from various sources
  • 6.  MIS helps in Strategic Planning, Management Control, Operational Control and Transaction Processing.  The MIS helps the junior management personnel by providing the operational data for planning, scheduling and control, and helps them further in decision making.  The MIS helps the middle management in short them planning, target setting and controlling the business functions.  It plays the role of information generation, communication, problem identification and helps in the process of decision 3/16/2015M K Islam/ ME 359
  • 7. MIS creates an impact on the organization’s functions, performance and productivity.  With MIS support the management of marking, finance, production and personnel become more efficient. A disciplined information reporting system creates a structured data and a knowledge base for all the people in the organization. The information is available in such a form that it can be used straight away or by blending analysis, saving the managers valuable time.  A well designed system with a focus on the manger makes an impact on the managerial efficiency. It improves the decision making ability. 3/16/2015M K Islam/ ME 359
  • 8.  Studying the individual’s time utilization and its application >> 70 % of the time is spent in recording, searching, processing and communication. This is a large overhead in the organization. The MIS has a direct impact on this overhead. It creates an information- based work culture in the organization. 3/16/2015M K Islam/ ME 359
  • 9. Without computer >> MIS is infeasible  The variety of the hardware having distinct capabilities makes it possible to design the MIS for a specific situation. For example, if the organization needs a large database and very little processing, a computer system is available for such a requirement.  The computer system provides the facilities such as READ ONLY where you cannot delete to UPDATE.  Software, an integral part of a computer system, further enhances the hardware capability. The software is available to handle the procedural and nonprocedural data processing. For example, if you want to use a formula to calculate a certain result, an efficient language is available to handle the situation. 3/16/2015M K Islam/ ME 359
  • 10. Foundation of MIS is the management theory  The inventory control, queuing theory, and resource programming are used in the MIS as decision support systems.  Application of PERT / CPM to a project planning is now easily possible through the MIS support.  The MIS becomes rich in content and more useful when it becomes more and more a decision- making or decision- support system. That is possible when it builds decision making systems in MIS which in turn is possible if it draws tools, techniques, methods, rules and principles from pure and application science, and use them as an integral part of the system. 3/16/2015M K Islam/ ME 359