The causes of world war ii

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The causes of world war ii

  1. 1. The Causes of World WarThe Causes of World War IIII Kamolnat TabattanonKamolnat Tabattanon P.5P.5
  2. 2. 5 Main Reasons5 Main Reasons  Treaty of VersaillesTreaty of Versailles  League of NationsLeague of Nations  AppeasementAppeasement  HitlerHitler  Eight Steps to WarEight Steps to War
  3. 3. Treaty of VersaillesTreaty of Versailles  Angered GermansAngered Germans  ““Neither just nor wise” ~Harold NicolsonNeither just nor wise” ~Harold Nicolson (British delegate at Versailles)(British delegate at Versailles)  Loss of landLoss of land  Justified Hitler’s early actionsJustified Hitler’s early actions
  4. 4. Germans and the TreatyGermans and the Treaty  ““May the hand wither that signs this treaty.”May the hand wither that signs this treaty.” (Frederick Scheidemann, the German(Frederick Scheidemann, the German Chancellor (June 1919) then he resigned ratherChancellor (June 1919) then he resigned rather than agree to the Treaty)than agree to the Treaty)  Were not permitted to debate-just told to signWere not permitted to debate-just told to sign  Tiny armyTiny army  Loss of land (1/10 lost)Loss of land (1/10 lost)
  5. 5. League of NationsLeague of Nations  America, Britain, France (main powers)America, Britain, France (main powers)  Failed to keep the peaceFailed to keep the peace  Originally weakOriginally weak  Failed to achieve disarmament of GermanyFailed to achieve disarmament of Germany  Defended Versailles settlementDefended Versailles settlement  Hitler did not objectHitler did not object
  6. 6. AppeasementAppeasement  Encouraged warEncouraged war  Encouraged HitlerEncouraged Hitler  ““Giving in to a bully”Giving in to a bully”  Hitler grew in powerHitler grew in power  Failed attempt to prevent death in warFailed attempt to prevent death in war British Prime Minister Chamberlain
  7. 7. Appeasement- ChamberlainAppeasement- Chamberlain  ““You have only to look at the map to see thatYou have only to look at the map to see that nothing we could do could possibly savenothing we could do could possibly save Czechoslovakia from being overrun by theCzechoslovakia from being overrun by the Germans.” (Chamberlain, writing to his sisterGermans.” (Chamberlain, writing to his sister in 1938)in 1938)
  8. 8.  Chamberlain is now criticized for appeasingChamberlain is now criticized for appeasing  5 Reasons Hitler was appeased in general5 Reasons Hitler was appeased in general  Some people approvedSome people approved  Treaty of Versailles- unfairTreaty of Versailles- unfair  Believed would stop communismBelieved would stop communism  Wanted general peaceWanted general peace  Did not careDid not care  Gave Britain time to re-armGave Britain time to re-arm
  9. 9. HitlerHitler  Argument:Argument:  Had no aim-improvisingHad no aim-improvising  Greater GermanyGreater Germany  Revise Treaty of VersaillesRevise Treaty of Versailles  Fighting his own personal warFighting his own personal war  Germany’s revenge of WW IGermany’s revenge of WW I
  10. 10.  ““My foreign policy was to abolish the TreatyMy foreign policy was to abolish the Treaty of Versailles. It is futile nonsense for the restof Versailles. It is futile nonsense for the rest of the world to pretend today that I did notof the world to pretend today that I did not reveal this program until 1933 or 1935 orreveal this program until 1933 or 1935 or 1937. Instead of listening to foolish chatter,1937. Instead of listening to foolish chatter, these gentlemen would have been wiser tothese gentlemen would have been wiser to read what I have written thousands of times.”read what I have written thousands of times.”  Hitler talking about the TreatyHitler talking about the Treaty
  11. 11. Eight Steps to WarEight Steps to War  Saar PlebisiciteSaar Plebisicite  Conscription & Re-ArmamentConscription & Re-Armament  RhinelandRhineland  AustriaAustria  MunichMunich  CzechoslovakiaCzechoslovakia  Ussr/Nazi PactUssr/Nazi Pact  PolandPoland “Chain of Friendship”
  12. 12. Saar PlebsiciteSaar Plebsicite  Treaty of VersaillesTreaty of Versailles  Put the Saar under League of NationsPut the Saar under League of Nations  Inhabitants of the Saar voted to return toInhabitants of the Saar voted to return to GermanyGermany Refers to a region of Germany that was occupied and run by the British and French government
  13. 13. Conscription & Re-ArmamentConscription & Re-Armament  1935- Hitler called men up to army1935- Hitler called men up to army  Broke Treaty of Versailles but was not stoppedBroke Treaty of Versailles but was not stopped by Britain of Franceby Britain of France
  14. 14. RhinelandRhineland  Hitler invaded on March 7 1936Hitler invaded on March 7 1936  Broke Treaty of VersaillesBroke Treaty of Versailles  BluffBluff  22000 had orders to retreat if resistance came22000 had orders to retreat if resistance came  Britain and France did not stopBritain and France did not stop Rhineland: a general name used to indicate the land on either sides of the Rhine River
  15. 15. AustriaAustria  1938- Hitler took over1938- Hitler took over  March 11 1938March 11 1938  Broke Treaty of VersaillesBroke Treaty of Versailles  Was, again, not stoppedWas, again, not stopped
  16. 16. MunichMunich  1938- Hitler went for Sudetenland1938- Hitler went for Sudetenland  Chamberlain appeased HitlerChamberlain appeased Hitler  Encouraged him even moreEncouraged him even more  Invaded on September 1938Invaded on September 1938 Chamberlain at Munich Conference People of Sudetenland saluting Hitler
  17. 17. CzechoslovakiaCzechoslovakia  March 15 1939March 15 1939  Was the point of realization for many thatWas the point of realization for many that Hitler would keep goingHitler would keep going  The only obvious way to solve problem wasThe only obvious way to solve problem was warwar Political cartoon: West giving Hitler Czechoslovakia
  18. 18. Ussr/Nazi PactUssr/Nazi Pact  19391939  Hitler revealed plans to invade PolandHitler revealed plans to invade Poland  Chamberlain promised to support Poles ifChamberlain promised to support Poles if Germany were to attackGermany were to attack  Hitler made pact with RussiaHitler made pact with Russia  Hoped it would prevent Britain and France fromHoped it would prevent Britain and France from helping Polandhelping Poland
  19. 19. PolandPoland  September 1 1939September 1 1939  Hitler invaded polandHitler invaded poland  Last step to warLast step to war  September 3 1939September 3 1939  Chamberlain declared war on GermanyChamberlain declared war on Germany
  20. 20. Works CitedWorks Cited "The Causes of the Second World War.""The Causes of the Second World War." CauseCause of World War IIof World War II. 20 Apr. 2009. 20 Apr. 2009 <http://www.johndclare.net/RoadtoWWII7<http://www.johndclare.net/RoadtoWWII7 a.htm>.a.htm>.

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