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Linguistical introduction to vietnamese language


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Linguistical introduction to vietnamese language,, learn vietnamese language,grammar.

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Linguistical introduction to vietnamese language

  1. 1. Linguistic Introduction to Vietnamese Language Kamo Araz Ahmad Lebanese French University
  2. 2. Language Family Tree • Vietnamese language belongs to Austroasiatic Language family tree. Austroasiatic is a large language family of Southeast Asia, also scattered throughout India, Bangladesh, Nepal and the southern border of China.
  3. 3. Vietic Languages • The Vietic languages are a branch of the Austroasiatic language family. The vietic family consists of Vietnamese , and a number minority languages in northern and central Vietnam, and in the Lao border regions. • the term Vietic was proposed by Hayes (1992), who proposed to redefine Việt–Mường as referring to a sub-branch of Vietic containing only Vietnamese and Mường.
  4. 4. • Vietic can be thought of as having a northern Viet-Mương sub-branch, and a number of small southern languages that are spoken in the Lao-Vietnam borderlands and beyond: • Viet-Mương • a) Vietnamese (various dialects) • b) Mương (various dialects) • Maleng (~ Malieng, Pakatan, Bo) • Arem • Ruc, Sach, May, Chu’t • Pong, Hung, Tum, Khong-Kheng • Cuôi or Thô • Ahloa, Ahoa (Thavung) :
  5. 5. • Chamberlain classification:
  6. 6. Vietnamese Phonology
  7. 7. Tonal System in Vietnamese Langauge
  8. 8. Vietnamese Morphology : • Vietnamese, like many languages in Southeast Asia, is an analytic language. Vietnamese lacks morphological marking of case, gender, number, and tense (and, as a result, has no finite/nonfinite distinction). • Vietnamese words may consist of one or more syllable, most of the words are disyllabic but there are also polysyllabic which are made by reduplicative derivation.
  9. 9. Word-formation: • Reduplication: Reduplication, the process of creating a new word by repeating either a whole word or part of a word, is very productive in Vietnamese and other Austro-Asiatic languages.
  10. 10. • Affixation: Vietnamese has very limited affixation. A few affixes are used along with reduplication. Many affixes are derived from Sino-Vietnamese vocabulary.
  11. 11. • Ablaut: Vietnamese has tonal tonal ablaut which are used grammatically:
  12. 12. Syntax • Basic sentence order in vitenamese is SVO: tôi nòi tiếng việt I speak Vietnamese
  13. 13. Basic Grammar • Pronouns: using vietnamese pronouns depend on relationship,kinship, and gender of the speaker, it is a complicated system of pronouns.
  14. 14. • Ấy: by adding it we can make third person : Anh ấy = He các: a particle added before nouns and prnouns to make plural: các anh các bạn
  15. 15. • Tenses: Vietnamese language doesn’t have verb conjugations or endings, verbs in vietnamese won’t change, Vietnamese relies on context to express tense: