Successfully reported this slideshow.
We use your LinkedIn profile and activity data to personalize ads and to show you more relevant ads. You can change your ad preferences anytime.

Linguistical introduction to vietnamese language

1,552 views

Published on

Linguistical introduction to vietnamese language,, learn vietnamese language,grammar.

Published in: Education
  • Be the first to comment

Linguistical introduction to vietnamese language

  1. 1. Linguistic Introduction to Vietnamese Language Kamo Araz Ahmad Lebanese French University
  2. 2. Language Family Tree • Vietnamese language belongs to Austroasiatic Language family tree. Austroasiatic is a large language family of Southeast Asia, also scattered throughout India, Bangladesh, Nepal and the southern border of China.
  3. 3. Vietic Languages • The Vietic languages are a branch of the Austroasiatic language family. The vietic family consists of Vietnamese , and a number minority languages in northern and central Vietnam, and in the Lao border regions. • the term Vietic was proposed by Hayes (1992), who proposed to redefine Việt–Mường as referring to a sub-branch of Vietic containing only Vietnamese and Mường.
  4. 4. • Vietic can be thought of as having a northern Viet-Mương sub-branch, and a number of small southern languages that are spoken in the Lao-Vietnam borderlands and beyond: • Viet-Mương • a) Vietnamese (various dialects) • b) Mương (various dialects) • Maleng (~ Malieng, Pakatan, Bo) • Arem • Ruc, Sach, May, Chu’t • Pong, Hung, Tum, Khong-Kheng • Cuôi or Thô • Ahloa, Ahoa (Thavung) :
  5. 5. • Chamberlain classification:
  6. 6. Vietnamese Phonology
  7. 7. Tonal System in Vietnamese Langauge
  8. 8. Vietnamese Morphology : • Vietnamese, like many languages in Southeast Asia, is an analytic language. Vietnamese lacks morphological marking of case, gender, number, and tense (and, as a result, has no finite/nonfinite distinction). • Vietnamese words may consist of one or more syllable, most of the words are disyllabic but there are also polysyllabic which are made by reduplicative derivation.
  9. 9. Word-formation: • Reduplication: Reduplication, the process of creating a new word by repeating either a whole word or part of a word, is very productive in Vietnamese and other Austro-Asiatic languages.
  10. 10. • Affixation: Vietnamese has very limited affixation. A few affixes are used along with reduplication. Many affixes are derived from Sino-Vietnamese vocabulary.
  11. 11. • Ablaut: Vietnamese has tonal tonal ablaut which are used grammatically:
  12. 12. Syntax • Basic sentence order in vitenamese is SVO: tôi nòi tiếng việt I speak Vietnamese
  13. 13. Basic Grammar • Pronouns: using vietnamese pronouns depend on relationship,kinship, and gender of the speaker, it is a complicated system of pronouns.
  14. 14. • Ấy: by adding it we can make third person : Anh ấy = He các: a particle added before nouns and prnouns to make plural: các anh các bạn
  15. 15. • Tenses: Vietnamese language doesn’t have verb conjugations or endings, verbs in vietnamese won’t change, Vietnamese relies on context to express tense:

×