Dear students, Today I would like to invite you to look at Muslim wedding customs and principles of family life! Lets start....
Wedding – a legal contract <ul><li>A marriage is a contract between two parties, a man and a woman, made in the presence of witnesses as well as the woman's guardian </li></ul><ul><li>A marriage contract does not need to be written down in order to be valid. </li></ul><ul><li>Marriages have to be declared publicly. </li></ul>
<ul><li>In many Muslim marriages, the wife may not be present when the actual contract is made. However, her father or guardian comes to her with two witnesses and asks her whether she gives him the [verbal] power of attorney [in presence of the two witnesses] to act for her in marrying her to the man concerned and whether she agrees to the amount of dower to be paid to her. When she has given him the power of attorney, he proceeds to complete the marriage contract. </li></ul>
POLYGAMY MARRIAGE Polygamy exists in three specific forms, including polygyny (one man having multiple wives), polyandry (one woman having multiple husbands), or group marriage (some combination of polygyny and polyandry). Historically, all three practices have been found, but polygyny is by far the most common .
Polygyny <ul><li>In accordance with Qur'an it is normal procedure for men to have more than one wife simultaneously (up to the limits of four wives) , up to limits of their ability to support them. </li></ul><ul><li>The refusal to hurt or abuse another Muslim is a basic requirement in Islam, and is assumed in polygamous marriage consideration </li></ul><ul><li>Starting in the 20th century, Muslim social reformers argued against these and other practices such as polygamy. </li></ul>
Families in islamic countries <ul><li>I t has to be added that polygamy in Islam is a matter of mutual consent. No one can force a woman to marry a married man. Besides, the wife has the right to stipulate that her husband must not marry any other woman as a second wife. </li></ul><ul><li>I n many Muslim societies today the practice of polygamy is rare since the gap between the numbers of both sexes is not huge. One can, safely, say that the rate of polygamous marriages in the Muslim world is much less than the rate of extramarital affairs in the West. In other words, men in the Muslim world today are far more strictly monogamous than men in the Western world. </li></ul>
Women rights in the family <ul><li>Women are expected to be home-makers and caregivers to their children, so motherhood is seen as one of the most important roles. </li></ul><ul><li>It is therefore required for a Muslim woman when she goes out to wear a dress that covers her from head to foot and does not reveal the figure. Only the hands and face should be left uncovered. </li></ul><ul><li>Widow inheritance has no basis in Islam, but a woman is allowed to marry her husband's brother after his death, if she wishes </li></ul>
Family – rights and obligations. <ul><li>Muslims view marriage as the foundation of society and family life </li></ul>Children Children’s duty is not to protest or be rude but to listen and obey their parents. Wife The wife herself is responsible for the care of her home and the welfare of her family . Wife is responsible of early training of her children. The importance of this role showes a well-known saying in Arabic : al-ummu madrasatun meaning "the mother is a school Husband Husband is the head of the family and has full responsibility for the maintenance of it. This is not only a moral but also a legal obligation .
Adopting a Child in Islam <ul><li>An adopted child retains his or her own biological family name (surname) and does not change his or her name to match that of the adoptive family. </li></ul><ul><li>An adopted child inherits from his or her biological parents, not automatically from the adoptive parents. </li></ul><ul><li>When the child is grown, members of the adoptive family are not considered blood relatives, and are therefore not muhrim to him or her. "Muhrim" refers to a specific legal relationship that regulates marriage and other aspects of life. Essentially, members of the adoptive family would be permissible as possible marriage partner s. </li></ul><ul><li>If the child is provided with property from the biological family, adoptive parents are commanded to take care and not intermingle that property with their own. They serve merely as trustees. </li></ul>
The inquiry results <ul><li>25 respondents took place in this inquiry. 16 women and 9 men aged from 25 to 47. </li></ul><ul><li>Respondents were asked can they hardly tolerate polygamy families and what opinion they have about relations with the Muslim. </li></ul>