Successfully reported this slideshow.
We use your LinkedIn profile and activity data to personalize ads and to show you more relevant ads. You can change your ad preferences anytime.

HomeWeb: An Application Framework for Web-based Smart Homes


Published on

Household appliances are being equipped with embedded micro-controllers and wireless transceivers, offering smart behavior. These augmented appliances form wireless networks and transform residential areas into smart homes. Advancements such as the effective penetration of the Internet in embedded computing and the promising practice of the Web of Things, allow the realization of Web-oriented smart homes. In a previous work, we developed a Web-based application framework for smart homes, supporting concurrent interaction from multiple family members. In this paper, we improve the
functionality of our system by including a 6LoWPAN-based wireless sensor network inside the home environment, addressing issues such as device discovery and service description. Web
techniques such as HTTP caching and push messaging, facilitate the efficient operation of a fully Web-based smart home. Through a technical evaluation, we show the benefits of directly Web-enabling embedded sensors in terms of performance and energy conservation. The development of a Web-based graphical application abstracts home automation procedure for typical residents.
This project has been presented at the 18th International Conference on Telecommunications (ICT 2011), Ayia Napa, Cyprus, May 2011.

Published in: Technology, Education
  • Be the first to comment

HomeWeb: An Application Framework for Web-based Smart Homes

  1. 1. HomeWeb: An Application Framework for Web-based Smart HomesAndreas Kamilaris, Vlad Trifa and Andreas PitsillidesNetworks Research Laboratory, University of Cyprus
  2. 2. Motivation University of Cyprus• Merging of computing with physical things.• The Internet can reach out into the real world.• The Internet of Things.• Most of the current smart home solutions do not involve open systems and have been developed to provide solutions to some application-specic scenarios (medical, care for the elderly).• How to interconnect heterogeneous embedded devices?• What about interoperability? Flexibility?
  3. 3. The Internet for Home Automation University of Cyprus X10 KNX ZigBee IPv6 Network Size 2^8 2^16 2^16 2^64 per subnet Data Rate 20b/s 9.6kb/s 20-250kb/s 250kb/s...1Gb/s Interface custom solutions app-level app-level gateway UDP, TCP, RESTful gateway Web Cost low high medium low Installation low high low low Overhead Connectivity low medium medium high Security none high medium medium“Internet technology, utilizing IPv6, will become the future standard in home automation.”Matthias Kovatsch et al., Embedding Internet Technology for Home Automation, inProceedings of ETFA, Bilbao, Spain, September 2010.
  4. 4. Background Information University of CyprusThe Web of Things is about reusing well-accepted andunderstood Web principles to interconnect the quicklyexpanding ecosystem of embedded devices, built intoeveryday smart things.The WoT practice mainly follows these steps:2. Connect embedded devices to the Internet, through IPv4 or IPv6.3. Embed Web servers on these devices.4. Model their services in a resource-oriented way.Directly Web-enabling devices Vs using a Gateway.
  5. 5. Background Information University of CyprusREST is a lightweight architectural style which basicallydefines how to use the HTTP application protocol as anapplication interface to the world of smart objects.A Resource-oriented Architecture is about four concepts:2. Resources.3. Their names (URIs).4. The links between them.5. Their representations (HTML, JSON, XML).Resources can be manipulated with:2. GET to retrieve a representation of a resource.3. POST represents an insert or update.4. PUT to alter the state of a resource.5. DELETE to delete resources.
  6. 6. Building a Web-based Smart Home University of Cyprus• Use the Web as a standard, to realize the notion of the smart home.• Development of a resource-oriented application framework for future smart homes.• Utilization of REST.• Support for concurrent, multiple Web clients.• The framework promotes the creation of physical mashups in any programming language that supports HTTP.
  7. 7. HomeWeb Architecture University of Cyprus HomeWeb Client Application Restlet-GWT XML JSON Web API Server Application Framework Restlet
  8. 8. System Architecture University of Cyprus Resource URI Parameters REST Method Return Value Temperature - GET text/plain The HomeWeb Humidity - GET Applicationtext/plain Bedroom Illumination - GET text/plain Leds Color (Red, PUT text/plain Green, Blue) Laundry Room Bathroom• IPv6-based Wireless Sensor Network of Telosb sensor motes. Living Room• Implementation in TinyOS using blip. Kitchen• Each sensor is a small Web server, which offers sensing services through a RESTful interface.• All interactions with embedded devices are done via standard HTTP requests.
  9. 9. Web-enabling Sensor Devices University of Cyprus• Device Discovery: • Multicast Discovery Protocol. • Similar to WS-Discovery. • Transmit a single URL instead of a heavy SOAP/XML payload.• Service Description: • Web Applications Description Language (WADL). • Similar to WSDL. • An XML-based language that provides a machine- readable description of HTTP-based Web applications.
  10. 10. Web-enabling Sensor Devices University of Cyprus• Web Messaging for Event-driven Scenarios: • Pull Vs Push. • Client-server model not appropriate for event-driven scenarios. • RESTful Message System (RMS) is a push-based, lightweight publish/subscribe messaging, suited for embedded devices.• HTTP Caching: • Integrate a Web cache in HomeWeb framework. • Works only for GET requests using the expiration model for determining freshness of resources.
  11. 11. Putting them all together… University of Cyprus
  12. 12. Putting them all together… University of Cyprus“If the illumination in the living room is less than 50% and thetemperature in the kitchen is greater than 25 degrees, then turnon the red led of sensor7 and the green led of sensor6.”
  13. 13. Evaluation University of Cyprus • Multiple family members are interacting concurrently with their home devices through the Web. • Four sensor devices in a star topology around the base station.
  14. 14. Preliminary Evaluation University of Cyprus 1.6 1.4 1.2 Time (seconds) 1 0.8 0.6 0.4 0.2 0 REST SOAP• A multi-hop Web-based IPv6 WSN deployment inside a real smart home environment.• REST Vs WS-*
  15. 15. Concluding Remarks University of Cyprus • The Web has the potential to become a standard in home automation. • An IPv6-based WSN installation in home area networks is feasible and it offers acceptable performance. • The application of Web technologies such as HTTP caching and push techniques in the WSN domain can improve overall performance. • Wide-scale connectivity and interoperability are guaranteed.
  16. 16. Future Work University of Cyprus• More thorough evaluation.• Incorporate more advanced technology in HomeWeb (residential smart meters, lighting/HVAC control).• Towards the design of energy-efficient, sustainable, flexible and secure Web-based smart homes.• Web-based smart homes as real-time platforms, to engage people to sense and shape their urban environment, for the vision of a real-time, digital city*. * Andreas Kamilaris, Nicolas Iannarilli, Vlad Trifa, and Andreas Pitsillides. Bridging the Mobile Web and the Web of Things in Urban Environments. In Urban Internet of Things Workshop, at IoT 2010, November 2010.
  17. 17. Thanks for your attention!Contact Details: Andreas Kamilaris (