APUSH Benchmark Review (Oct. 19, 2011)


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Hello students -

This is the review slideshow for your test tomorrow. Use it and the handout as study tools but remember that there may be more on the exam than appears here.

Happy studying!
Mr. Kelly and Ms. Marroquín

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APUSH Benchmark Review (Oct. 19, 2011)

  1. 1. APUSH Review <ul><li>Main Concepts, Arcs and Themes </li></ul>
  2. 2. The Enlightenment <ul><li>En light enment = “Age of Reason” </li></ul><ul><li>1700s / 18th Century in Europe </li></ul><ul><li>After the Middle Ages (“Dark Ages”) </li></ul><ul><li>Scientific advances </li></ul><ul><li>New political ideas </li></ul>
  3. 3. An Experiment on a Bird in an Air Pump. Joseph Wright, England, 1768.
  4. 4. Portrait of John Locke. Sir Godfrey Kneller, 1704. . John Locke (1632 - 1704) Challenged the traditional form of government: Monarchy & Divine Right Instead, he proposed: Social Contract
  5. 5. Social Contract <ul><li>All governments get their power from the people (“popular sovereignty”) </li></ul><ul><li>Government exist to protect people’s rights </li></ul><ul><li>People can overturn their government if it doesn’t protect their rights </li></ul><ul><ul><li>This is what the American colonists argued in the Declaration of Independence. </li></ul></ul>
  6. 6. The First Great Awakening <ul><li>Religious revival in colonial British America </li></ul><ul><li>1730s - 1740s </li></ul><ul><li>Powerful preaching </li></ul><ul><li>Jonathan Edwards “Sinners in the Hands of an Angry God” (1741) </li></ul>
  7. 7. George Whitefield Preaching. John Collet, 18th Century
  8. 8. The Great Awakening’s Consequences <ul><li>People started reading the Bible at home </li></ul><ul><li>Individualism in religion </li></ul><ul><li>Idea that all men can be saved and that the value of a person is in their morals challenged social hierarchy </li></ul>
  9. 9. Articles of Confederation 1776 Declaration of Independence 1775 - 1783 1781 - 1789 1787 Constitutional Convention 1789 --> The Constitution Timeline American Revolution
  10. 10. The First Amendment <ul><li>Prohibits any law that limits freedoms of religion, speech (including the press), and assembly. </li></ul><ul><li>The Establishment Clause: &quot; Congress shall make no law respecting an establishment of religion .&quot; </li></ul>
  11. 11. Federalists <ul><li>Strong central government </li></ul><ul><li>Small # of Representatives </li></ul><ul><li>Alexander Hamilton George Washington John Adamns </li></ul>Anti-Federalists <ul><li>Individual freedoms and states’ powers </li></ul><ul><li>Large # of representatives </li></ul><ul><li>Melancton Smith Patrick Henry (James Madison) </li></ul>
  12. 12. Preamble of the US Constitution <ul><li>INCLUDED: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Establishment of a court system </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Individual rights </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Military </li></ul></ul><ul><li>NOT INCLUDED: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Separation of Powers </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Federal Bank </li></ul></ul>
  13. 13. “ We the People” The government’s power comes from its people. academic term: popular sovereignty Locke’s term: Social Contract
  14. 14. The Branches of Government <ul><li>Legislative - Congress </li></ul><ul><li>Executive - President </li></ul><ul><li>Judicial - Supreme Court </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Each state also has its own executive, legislature, and judiciary. </li></ul></ul></ul></ul></ul>
  15. 15. The Supreme Court Today <ul><li>The Supreme Court has the power to review any local, state, or federal law and declare it unconstitutional </li></ul><ul><li>This is the power of judicial review </li></ul><ul><li>HOWEVER, this was NOT defined in the Constitution. So where does the power of judicial review come from? </li></ul>
  16. 16. Marbury v. Madison <ul><li>Landmark Supreme Court case - 1803 </li></ul><ul><li>Created judicial review : the power to decide if other laws are unconstitutional </li></ul><ul><li>Checks and balances: check to Congress’ power </li></ul>John Marshall, Chief Justice 1803