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Principle of Management

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Principle of Management
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Principle of Management

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This is my presentation, presented in Pimsat on completing of my course of Principle of Management.

This is my presentation, presented in Pimsat on completing of my course of Principle of Management.

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Principle of Management

  1. 1. What is Management Management can be defined in many ways but most managers agree that “It is an organized effort of people whose purpose is to achieve the objective and goals of an organization.” But before this final definition following other definition were also researched. • Management as a “Process” • Management as coordination • Sun Tzu’s the Art of War • Adam Smith’s the Wealth of Nations • 20th Century Management • Management as a “Function” • Getting things done through Other people • Conclusion
  2. 2. Management as Process • McFardland defines management as a process by which managers create, direct, maintain and operate purposive organization through systematic coordinated, cooperative human efforts. Manag • Process is an activity over varying span of er time O R G Create • In managing organizations, managers A N IZ Direct create changes adopt organizations to A T I Maintain changes O N Operate
  3. 3. Management as “Coordination” • Donally, Gibson and Ivancevich also accepted process, but also stressed on Coordination. “Management is a process by which individual and group effort is coordinated towards group goals” • Koontz and O’Donnell has also stressed on coordination
  4. 4. Sun Tzu’s the Art of war • Chinese general Sun Tzu wrote in 6th Century BC, the Art of War is military strategy book that for managerial purposes, recommends being aware of and acting on strengths and weakness of both manager organizations and foe’s. Adam Smith’s the Wealth of Nations • Adam Smith in 1776 wrote about efficient organization of work through specialization of labor. He discussed how changes in processes could boost productivity in manufacturing.
  5. 5. 20 Century th • In 1900 all theories of manager tend towards scieitific basis. Example • Henry R. Towne’s Science of Management in 1890 • Frederick Winslow Taylor’s The principle of Scientific Management – 1911 • Frnak and Lillian Gilbreth’s Applied motion study – 1917 • Henry L. Gantt’s charts (1910)
  6. 6. Management as a “Function” • Dunn Stephens and Kelly has view of Management as a function, they contend “Management is a role which includes a set of duties, responsibilities, and relationships involved in work organization. These duties and responsibilities constitute the function which a manager perform. Management getting things done through others people • Managers do not do things they get other people to do things. Manager have to understand the behavior of other people and must have knowledge as to how to motivate them in order to get things done through them.
  7. 7. Definition of Management “Management is the process of designing and maintaining an environment in which individuals, working together in groups, efficiently accomplish selected aims.”
  8. 8. Manager • Manager is also know as leader and administrative. Manager is person who under takes the tasks and function of managing at any level in any kind of enterprise Managerial Skills: • Managerial skills • Technical Skills • Human Skills • Concept Skills • Design Skills
  9. 9. Technical Skills Technical skills that reflect both an understanding of and a proficiency in a specialized field. For example a manager may have technical skills in accounting, finance, engineering, manufacturing or computer science. Human Skill Human skills are skills associated with manager’s ability to work well with others, both as a member of a group and as a leader who gets things done through others.
  10. 10. Conceptual Skills It is ability to visualize the organization as a whole, discern interrelationships among organizational parts, and understand how the organization fits into the wider context of the industry Design Skill It is the ability to solve the problems in ways that will benefit the enterprise. Managers must be able to solve problems.
  11. 11. The Skills as different managerial Level Source: Katz (1995) North house (2004)
  12. 12. The Function of Managers There are five functions of Managers: 2. Planning 3. Organizing 4. Staffing 5. Leading 6. Controlling We will learn in further slides about different functions.
  13. 13. Planning Planning involves selecting missions, objectives and the action to achieve them. Decision making support manager to chose future courses of action from alternatives. There are five types of planning. 1. Mission and Objectives 2. Strategies and policies 3. Procedures and rules 4. Programs 5. Budgets
  14. 14. Organizing Organizing is the part of managing that involves establishing an intentional structure of roles for people to fill in an organization. The purpose of an organization structure is to creating an environment helpful for human performance. Here manager create an environment helpful for human performance. Structure must point out task to be done, roles must be assigned with respect of ability and motivations of people.
  15. 15. Staffing Staffing involves filling and keeping filled the positions in the organization. This is done by identifying the work force requirement inventorying the people available and recruiting, selecting, placing, promoting, appraising, planning the careers, compensating and training.
  16. 16. Leading Leading is influence people so that they will contribute to organization and group goals. In management most problem arises from people desires and behavior as individual and groups so effective manager also need to be effective leader Leading involves motivation, leadership, approaches and communications.
  17. 17. Controlling Controlling is measuring and correcting individuals and organizational performance. It involves measuring performance against goals and plans, showing where the deviation from standards exist and helping to correct them. Control activity generally related to the measurement of achievement. Some means of controlling like the budget for expenses, inspection, record of labors hours lost are common.
  18. 18. Presentation by Kamal Panhwar (MBA in MIS) Student ID: A1KM-410413

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