Why all this fuss
about a detail
proposal for my study
before I even begin?
Thing are going to
change once I get into
III. Literature Review
That is true. Change
are inevitable but a
little thought now
will save you a lot of
grief later on.
MRS K. RATH
Asst. Prof, (KIIT-DU)
What is a research proposal?
A blue print of future activities of a research project.
Some sort of preconceived framework for starting
It deals with ideas of researcher about what research
he/she wants to do, what objectives and methodology
he/she has set, how much time and resources are
required to complete it, how the research finding are
to be reported, and so on.
• It is a document written by a researcher that
provides a detailed description of the proposed
• It is the outline of the entire research process.
• It is a written document specifying what the
investigator proposes to study.
• It is prerequisite for degree.
• Needs approval from the committee to start
• It conceives the project.
• It impresses the senior as a potential
• It serves as a contract between the
researcher and funder.
• Personal interest.
• It gives an opportunity to think through the project.
• Provides an outline to guide through the research
• Let department or faculty know about the plan
• Helps the department to choose an appropriate
– Gives an opportunity to receive feedback
from academic community as well as
• Undergraduate and graduate students
submit proposal to their dissertation
committees for approval.
How to translate your written notes into a
• Write an introduction
– This section is like a mini literature review.
– Written in present tense
• Write a method section
– This section deals with how you will collect data or
– Written in future tense
• Write a results section
– This section deals with how you will analyze your
– Written in future tense.
Important information for writing
Always structure the work in advance.
Know what you want to say before writing.
Every sentence must contain one idea only.
Each sentence must follow logically from the
before: chain of ideas.
Write in a way that is easy to read.
Use simple language.
Check spelling and grammar.
Do not cut and paste from articles.
SELECT A TOPIC
PLAN FOR DATA
It must be specific & concise (<20 words).
It includes variable , population and
EXAMPLE:“Effectiveness of SIM on management of
pre-eclampsia of staff nurses working in
maternity ward of PBMH”.
This includes an outline of your proposal,
Frame of reference for the reviewers.
Research questions or hypothesis, Research
methods and sample.
It should be brief(within 200 words).
STATEMENT OF PROBLEM
• Identified early in the proposal.
• Problem should be realistic, practical,
feasible and significant.
• A broad and complex problem must be
Significance of the problem
Why is this work important?
What are the implications of doing it?
How does it link to other knowledge?
BACKGROUND OF STUDY
• A review of relevant literature.
• Background material should strengthen
• Orient the reader to what is already known
about the problem.
• Demonstrate the researchers command on
• It should be specific, realistic &achievable.
• Objective stated as research hypothesis to be
• Objectives stated in specific model to be
tested are preferred.
Setting for the
• It is a sequence of task.
• Step by step plan within time frame.
• It is usually presented in tabular or graphic
• Key project personnel should be
• Research competencies of project director
should be stated.
• Document the facilities required for the
• Physiologic instrumentation, libraries,
• Willingness of institution.
• Special documents and record.
• Translate the project activities into monitory
• Allocation of expenses in different activities
• Well conceived work plan facilitates
preparation of budget.
• Front page: Title, name of the researcher,
• Second page: content
• Third page: Abstract:
• Fourth – sixth page: with bold
headingsintroduction, Literature review;
hypothesis, methods and materials; data
• Last page: References: Not more than 10.
DOs and DO NOTs
Produce/prepare a professional looking proposa.l
Make it interesting.
Make it informative, meaningful.
Write easy way to read.
Present content in a page.
Use clear headings/sub-headings.
Be concise, precise.
Check spelling, grammar.
Present in accurate/acceptable format.
Use no ward which you do not understand.
Use of difficult ward unimpressive to the