Land surveyors and Civil Engineer Contractors

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Land surveyors and Civil Engineer Contractors

  1. 1. Civil Engineering • About 8 Different Subsets 1. Structures 2. Water Resources 3. Transportation (includes Traffic) 4. Urban Planning 5. Environmental Engineering 6. Surveying (Geomatics) 7. Construction 8. Geotechnical (Soils)
  2. 2. Structural Engineering Structural materials include... 1. Steel 2. Reinforced concrete 3. Masonry (brick) 4. Wood Structural Engineers design: Bridges Buildings Dams Tunnels Tanks Power plants Retaining walls California Structural Engrs must design for seismic forces Structural Engrs often work w/ Architects and Contractors
  3. 3. Water Resources Large Scale Projects include... Aqueducts Reservoirs Dams Hydroelectric Projects Flood Control Smaller scale projects include Pipeline and valve design Water wells Water treatment Pumping systems California aqueduct, Central Valley Glen Canyon Dam, Page, Arizona
  4. 4. Transportation Concerned with: Safe and efficient movement of both people and goods Projects include: Harbors and Ports Highways, Streets, Roads Airports Mass Transit Systems Railroads Traffic Engineering: Light timing, traffic flow
  5. 5. Urban Planning Most Urban Planners do not have Civil Engineering backgrounds Most Urban Planning projects involve Civil Engineering projects: Buildings, roads, bridges Urban Planning Projects include… Housing density Greenspace (parks) planning Traffic flow World Trade Center Design Finalists Roundabout, Santa Barbara
  6. 6. Environmental Engineering Has evolved into its own separate branch of engineering at many universities HSU: Environmental Resources Engineering Occasionally grouped with Mechanical Engineering, more commonly associated with Civil Engineering Responsible for controlling, preventing, and eliminating air, water, and land pollution Projects might include: Waste water treatment Sewage treatment Air quality control Recycling California’s MTBE dilemma (MethylTertiary-Butyl-Ether)
  7. 7. Surveying (Geomatics) At one time, Land Surveying was a required course for all engineering majors; Today, it is an elective for Civil Engrs Responsible for ‘mapping out’ construction sites, locating existing landmarks, establishing boundary lines between properties. Equipment includes theodolites, transits, levels, Philadelphia rods, surveyor’s chains. Projects might include: Construction staking Constructing topographic maps Photogrammetry & aerial photography
  8. 8. Construction Usually responsible for construction projects from start to finish, including: Estimating construction costs Determining equipment and personnel needs Supervising construction A typical construction project may involve… Architects (often head the project) Civil Engineers, including Structural & Construction Electrical Engineers Mechanical Engineers Contractors: (Responsible for actual construction) Planners Landscape Architects
  9. 9. Geotechnical Engineering Also known as Soils Engineering, involved in: Foundation design Retaining Walls Landslide abatement Geotextiles Soil Testing Coordination with Structural Engineers in large building construction
  10. 10. Geotechnical Engineering Also known as Soils Engineering, involved in: Foundation design Retaining Walls Landslide abatement Geotextiles Soil Testing Coordination with Structural Engineers in large building construction

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