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Health Sensors & Big Data (Ignite SF version)


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Sensors are everywhere, and are playing an increasingly important role in our health, our environments, and our interactions with the world. We're moving from a world in which the problem is collecting enough data to a world where we need better tools to understand the data pouring in through the floodgates. How can we make this data actionable?

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Health Sensors & Big Data (Ignite SF version)

  1. Health Sensors & Big Data Ignite SF December 4, 2012 Rachel Kalmar @grapealopeThis talk was presented at Ignite SF, on December 4, 2012.These slides are a condensed version of a Skillshare Workshop I gave as part of the School of Rock Health, on August 1,2012.
  2. Ever wake up on the wrong side of the bed?Who here has woken up on the wrong side of the bed? You know the feeling all too well -- your alarm goes off, you wonderwhat that awful noise is, and suddenly, you’re awake.Image credit: Alexander and the Terrible, Horrible, No Good, Very Bad Day
  3. There’s an app for that. Examples: Sleep as Android, Sleep Cycle, ZeoWell...unsurprisingly, there’s an app for that. Using the accelerometer from your phone the app can determine what stage ofsleep you’re in, and based on this, the best time to wake you up. This is one of an increasing number of examples of howsensors can improve our everyday lives.Image credit: Sleep as Android, Sleep Cycle
  4. Source: CiscoIn 2008, the number of things connected to the Internet exceeded the number of people on earth. These things are not justsmartphones and tablets. Increasingly, the objects in our lives can now talk to us.Image credit: Cisco
  5. And this isn’t just about health, its also about manufacturing, the auto industry, business, government, science and everydaylife. In the not too distant future, everybody, every thing, and every object will become a communication platform.Image credit: Yuri Van Geest
  6. Tracking our livesThese things are tracking our lives, giving us data about things we’ve never measured before. In 2014, there will be 400million of these devices, with a $4 billion market.Images (clockwise from top): Withings blood pressure tracker, Basis watch, Google Glass, Fitbit, Nike Fuelband
  7. So. Much. Data. Image modified from The Economist, “The Data Deluge.” Feb 15, 2010But what do we do with it? We’re creating EXABYTES of data every day. Even storing this much data is difficult, let alonemaking sense of it.Image credit: The Economist, “The Data Deluge.” Feb 15, 2010
  8. Today For geeks Quantitative storytellingToday, this allows us to do a kind of quantitative storytelling, where we look at the output of our devices as charts andnumbers. If you’re a geek, like me, this is pretty cool. But most people aren’t, and just want the take-home message. The bigquestion is how do you make this data actionable?Image credit: Technology Review, June 21, 2011
  9. How can we make data actionable? vi or ha be data Source: The Missing Piece Meets the Big O, Shel SilversteinThis depends. What questions are you trying to answer? What problem are you trying to solve? We dont want data, we wantconcrete actionable suggestions. To do this, it’s useful to take a look at the data ecosystem.Image credit: The Missing Piece Meets the Big O, Shel Silverstein
  10. user sensors actions data ecosystem connect tools storageThe data ecosystem includes everything from the user to the data sources, to the connectivity protocol, to how the data isstored, analyzed, and given back to the user in an actionable way. The starting point is always the user. Why is the userinterested in your device?Image credit for stick figure: xkcd
  11. Why collect health data? user Disease managementThere are a number of reasons people want to track their health. For my dad, he uses a blood glucose monitor for diseasemanagement. Other reasons you might track your health might be for remote monitoring, or self-improvement like weight loss,athletics, sleep.Image credit: Rock Report: Sensors, Agamatrix
  12. 450+ tracking devices and appsIf you go to the QS website, you’ll find a collection of > 450 devices and apps for self-tracking.This is tracking on a very personal level, but we can do tracking on a global level as well.Image credit: Quantified Self website
  13. Prediction of global trendsUsing search queries about flu symptoms, Google is able to localize and predict flu outbreaks faster than the CDC.Connecting geo-located sensors, companies like Asthmopolis take this even a step further, tracking where and when you useyour asthma inhaler.Image credit: Google
  14. Exponential growth Source: IntelThere’s an exponential explosion of the number of devices giving us data, from the personal level to the global level.The limiting factor here are tools for making this data useful.Image credit: Intel
  15. Accessing, aggregating, processing the tools dataOf course, you can make your own tools to access, aggregate, and process data coming in from different sources.Websites like Cosm make this easier, allowing you to connect the output of sensors via their website to control objects in thephysical world.Image credit: Cosm
  16. How do you make data actionable? actionsHave you ever noticed that your mood is affected by the weather? Wouldnt it be great if the lighting in your house could makesure that you get enough light exposure to ward off the winter blues? This is something we can do now, and new sensors areopening even more doors.
  17. 0 1 1 0 1 0 1 1 0 1 1 0 1 0 1 1 0 1 1 0 0 1 0 1 0 1 1 0 0 1 0 1 1 0 1 0 0 1 0 1 1 0 1 0 1 1 0 1 1 0 1 0 1 1 0 1 1 0 0 1 1 1 0 1 1 0 0 1 0 1 1 0 1 0 0 1 0 1 1 0 1 0 1 1 The next wave of sensors...The next wave of sensors are becoming increasingly wearable, both aesthetically and practically, passively collecting andanalyzing new kinds of data, and disruptive as things like lab-on-a-chip allow healthcare to move to your phone.Images (clockwise from top): Misfit Wearables’ Shine, Sano Intelligence, Lab on a Chip, mc10
  18. QualcommTricorderXprize.comThese technologies are moving things like the Star Trek medical tricorder from science fiction to science. Companies likeScanadu and Cellscope have versions of these hand-held triage devices, leveraging your smartphone.Image credit: Daniel Kraft
  19. DIY sensorsAnd with the rise of the Maker movement and the hardware revolution, it’s getting easier and easier to make your own sensordevices. And once you’ve made your own device, crowdfunding platforms like Kickstarter and Indiegogo are making it muchmore possible to turn DIY projects into businesses.Image credit: Make, January 2012
  20. only are there more physical tools, but there are a number of virtual and real-world communities, like the Sensored andHardware Startup Meetups, where people get together to learn and collaborate.
  21. The future... What will you build?I’d like to leave you with a challenge, to think about what problems in your life you might be able to solve with access to theright data. Maybe it’s waking up on the right side of the bed, or maybe it’s something entirely new.The future will be sensored. The question is: what will you build?
  22. Health Sensors & Big Data Ignite SF December 4, 2012 Rachel Kalmar @grapealopeWant to learn more? Check out: • Rock Health • Singularity University / FutureMed • Quantified Self • Hardware Startup Meetup • Sensored Meetup / Discussion group