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Kalani craig digital humanities intro for AJS apr 18 2016

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An intro to digital humanities for the Association for Jewish Studies

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Kalani craig digital humanities intro for AJS apr 18 2016

  1. 1. A brief intro to Digital Humanities Kalani Craig Clinical Assistant Professor Indiana University— Bloomington @kalanicraig Around DH in 80 Days © 2014 Alex Gil
  2. 2. “Digital” in Arts & Humanities  Computational tools in humanities tasks  Why is it useful?  Ask new questions  Ask bigger questions  Interact with the objects of your research in previously impossible ways  Put students and readers in the driver’s seat
  3. 3. This will make my research better Yes No This will be really cool BUT…
  4. 4. Digitization (aka “Scanning”) Transform • Convert to digital • Optical Character Recognition (OCR) • Manual transcription • Create new artifacts Present • Which version? • In what format? • To whom? • With markup? Preserve • In digital form • Is this creation? • In analog form
  5. 5. Fancy scanning Digital Humanities In Practice, “Image processing in the digital humanities”
  6. 6. Data Mining (aka “Distant Reading”) Text Mining • Word clouds • N-grams • Topic Modeling • Corpus linguistics Natural Language Processing • Treebanking & part of- speech tagging • Latent Semantic Analysis • Named Entity Recognition • Sentiment Analysis Image analysis & processing • Image similarity • Text-as-images • ….?
  7. 7. Word Clouds & n-grams  It's valuable to lemmatize (or stem) text for the purposes of text mining because it provides a more consistent set of words with which to work. This can be particularly important for languages that are under supported in one analytical tool but well supported in another. http://voyant-tools.org
  8. 8. MALLET AntConc Topic Modeling & Corpus Linguistics
  9. 9. Treebanking & Part-of-Speech (PoS) http://www.aclweb.org/anthology/C08-1081
  10. 10. Computer Vision Prose Poetry https://dh101.ch/2014/10/22/images-digital-humanities-and-challenges/
  11. 11. Spatial Analysis (aka “Maps”) Neogeography • Points, lines & polygons on a map • Minimal interaction • Approachable tools Georectified historical maps • Stretch to fit lat/long • Someday, maybe stretch lat/long to fit historical map Humanities GIS • More complex mapped data with • Statistics • Visualization • Multiple data sets • Cartograms
  12. 12. 2012 U.S. Elections Majority vote by state Majority vote by county Actual-vote cartogram © 2012 M. E. J. Newman
  13. 13. Historical GIS https://danieljacksonstory.cartodb.com
  14. 14. Network analysis (aka “Relationships”) People and things Words and concepts Places and Timelines
  15. 15. The elements of a network Elijah Meeks, https://dhs.stanford.edu/visualization/more-networks/
  16. 16. Data visualization writ large
  17. 17. Augmented Reality Virtual exhibits & analysis 3D reconstructions & flyovers Reproductions
  18. 18. Hammered metal with niello Laser cut acrylic with paint The Fuller Brooch (9th c Anglo-Saxon) The British Museum, 1952,0404.1
  19. 19.  Nearby colleagues  Regional unconferences via THATCamp.org  Your major professional organization  HILT (Indianapolis) and DHSI (Vancouver BC) Local community Virtual community  Twitter  DiRT  DHCommons.org  The Programming Historian Collaboration and Community  Your library  Books  Franco Moretti, Graphs, Maps, Trees and Distant Reading  Matthew Jockers, Macroanalysis  Todd Presner, David Shepard, and Yoh Kawano, HyperCities  Your students (we’ll get to that)
  20. 20. Troubleshooting
  21. 21. “Digital” in your Arts & Humanities  How might your research change?  Are you struggling to find a question in a flood of documents?  Do you have a question that can’t be answered using traditional means?  Do you have an answer that needs verification on a larger scale?  Who is your public? How does they fit into this?  Can you use digital methodology to present more succinctly?  From a different, more engaging perspective?  Given your new questions, your consideration of audience, will you  create new things?  analyze existing research objects?  both?
  22. 22. KALANI CRAIG | @kalanicraig | www.kalanicraig.com

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