Kalabagh dam-1289 & 1292

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a presentation on kala bhag

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Kalabagh dam-1289 & 1292

  1. 1. 1
  2. 2. Haseeb Raza 11-NTU-1292 Hafiz Muhammad Umar 11-NTU-1289
  3. 3.   POPULATION 2005 141 million 2025 220 million  URBAN POPULATION Currently 35% 2025 60%  TOTAL AREA 196 M ACRES CULTIVABLE 77 MA CULTIVATED 54.5 MA REMAINING 22.5 MA Needs Add. Water  To increase the crop yield requires additional water.  Net Crop Water Requirement 2003-4 77.4 MAF 2010-11 89 MAF 2024-25 114.64 MAF  Domestic Demand Currently≈ 4.0 MAF 2025 ≈ 10.5MAF 4
  4. 4.  5 WATER AVAILABILITY Vs POPULATION GROWTH 5260 3888 2751 2129 1555 1282 1066 915 858 34 46 65 84 115 139.5 195.5 167.72 208.4 0 1000 2000 3000 4000 5000 6000 1951 1961 1971 1981 1991 2002 2010 2020 2025 YEAR PERCAPITAAVAILABILITY(M)3 30 50 70 90 110 130 150 170 190 210 230 PER CAPITA AVAILIBILITY POPULATION GROWTH WATERAVAILABILITY(MAF) POPULATION(Million) 1234 m3 2004 151.11 Million (2004)
  5. 5.  6
  6. 6.   Dam Type Earth Core Rock Fill  Gross Storage 7.9 MAF  Live Storage 6.1 MAF  Dam Height 260 ft.  Power 3600 MW  Cost $ 6.0 Billion  No Canal Outlets from Dam  It Will Function As Seasonal Carry Over Dam 7 KALABAGH DAM PROJECT SALIENT FEATURES
  7. 7. KALABAGH DAM PROJECT APPREHENSIONS OF NWFP APPREHENSIONS FACTUAL POSITION POSSIBILITY OF FLOODING OF NOWSHERA TOWN AND PESHAWAR VALLEY IN CASE OF UNPRECEDENTED FLOOD MODERN FLOOD WARNING SYSTEM WOULD PROVIDE ADEQUATE WARNING AGAINST FLOODS TARBELA IS ALSO ON LINE NOW DRAINAGE OF MARDAN, PABBI AND SWABI WILL BE ADVERSELY AFFECTED CONSERVATION LEVEL OF KALABAGH DAM IS 915 FT WHICH IS LOWER THAN THE LOWEST GROUND LEVEL OF MARDAN, PABBI AND SWABI SCARP AREAS FERTILE CULTIVATED LAND WOULD BE SUBMERGED 2,900 ACRES OF BARANI LAND AND ONLY 100 ACRES OF IRRIGATED LAND WOULD BE SUBMERGED IN THE RESERVOIR LARGE POPULATION WOULD BE DISPLACED RESETTLEMENT PLAN WOULD ENSURE PROPER COMPENSATION TO THE AFFECTEES PUNJAB NWFP TOTAL NO. OF AFFECTEES 78,000 42,000 120,000 LAND AFFECTED (Acres) 24,500 3,000 27,500 9
  8. 8. KALABAGH DAM PROJECT APPREHENSIONS OF SINDH APPREHENSIONS FACTUAL POSITION NO WATER IS AVAILABLE FOR FILLING KALABAGH RESERVOIR AVERAGE ANNUAL OUTFLOW BELOW KOTRI IS 34.7 MAF MOST CONSERVATIVE ESTIMATE SHOWS 15 MAF FOR STORAGE / DEVELOPMENT SINDH WOULD BE CONVERTED INTO A DESERT AFTER MANGLA & TARBELA DAMS, SINDH CANAL WITHDRAWALS INCREASED FROM 37.20 MAF TO 44.47 MAF CANAL WITHDRAWALS FOR SINDH WOULD FURTHER INCREASE BY 2 MAF AFTER KALABAGH 11
  9. 9. KALABAGH DAM PROJECT APPREHENSIONS OF SINDH APPREHENSIONS FACTUAL POSITION RIVERINE AREA WOULD GO OUT OF PRODUCTION DUE TO CONTROL OVER RIVER FLOOD PEAKS IN EXCESS OF 300,000 CUSECS WOULD STILL BE COMING ASSURED WATER SUPPLY THROUGH PROPOSED TUBEWELLS WILL BE MADE ROUND THE YEAR INDUS DELTA MANGROVE FOREST WOULD VANISH ONLY 7,000 ACRES OUT OF 294,000 ACRES MANGROVE FOREST ARE IN INDUS ACTIVE DELTA ESTABLISHED THROUGH SATELLITE IMAGERY 12
  10. 10. KALABAGH DAM PROJECT APPREHENSIONS OF SINDH APPREHENSIONS FACTUAL POSITION FISH PRODUCTION BELOW KOTRI WOULD BE AFFECTED No EVIDENCE ESTABLISHES THIS APPREHENSION AS FISH PRODUCTION INCREASED MARINE FISH (THOUSAND TONS) - 1995 283 - 1999 351 - 1996 270 - 2000 308 - 1997 292 - 2001 315 - 1998 303 13
  11. 11. KALABAGH DAM PROJECT ANNUAL BENEFITS 1. Irrigation Water Supplies @ Rs. 2054/AF 6.1 x 2054 = Rs. 12.53 Billion 2 Power Benefits @ Rs. 4.00/Unit 11.736 x 4 = Rs. 46.944 Billion 3 Flood Control 1.50 Billion Total Rs. 60.97 Billion 14
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