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Five year-plans-of-india


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Five year-plans-of-india

  1. 1. First Five Year Plan (1951-55) Total budget: 206.8 billion (INR) or USD$23.6 billion. Objectives ACHIEVEMENTS the standard of living Community and agriculture  GDP 3.6% per year development  Evolution of good irrigation Energy and irrigation system Communications and  improvement in transport  roads Industry  civil aviation Land rehabilitation  railways Social services  Telegraphs Target of GDP growth 2.1 per  posts year  manufacture of fertilizers Achieved had been 3.6% per year  electrical equipment
  2. 2. Disadvantages development of only a few industries private industry had not developed
  3. 3. Second Five Year Plan ( 1956-1961) OBJECTIVES ACHIEVEMENTS To increase by 25% the national income  5 steel plants To make the country more industrialized To increase employment  a hydro-electric power project opportunities so that every citizen gets a job  production of coal increased Development of  more railway lines Mining and industry Community and agriculture development  Land reform measures Power and irrigation Social services  improved the living standards of Communications and transport the people Miscellaneous  The large enterprises in seventeen industries were nationalized
  4. 4. Disadvantages eliminate the importation of consumer goods high tariffs Low quotas or banning some items altogether License were required for starting new companies This is when India got its License Raj, the bureaucratic control over the economy When a business was losing money the Government would prevent them from shutting down
  5. 5. Third Five Year Plan (1961-1966) ACHIEVEMENTS OBJECTIVES  Decentralization More stress to agriculture  Organizations formed subsidies  Panchayat Sufficient help  Zila Parishads Effective use of countrys resources  Laid emphasis on  oil conservation To increase the national income by  irrigation 5% per year  Afforestation To increase the production of  dry farming agriculture so that the nation is self sufficient in food grains  Many fertilizer and cement plants To provide employment opportunities were built for every citizen of the country  Green Revolution To establish equality among all the PMs people of the country Jawaharlal Nehru Gulzarilal Nanda Lal Bahadur Shastri
  6. 6. Problems faced Sino Indian War, India witnessed increase in price of products. The resulting inflation
  7. 7. 4th Five Year Plan (1969 to 1974) OBJECTIVES ACHIEVEMENTS to reform and restructure  Great advancement has govts expenditure been made with regard agenda( defense to Indias national became one major income expense)  considered as one of the To facilitated growth in emerging powers exports  served as a stepping to alter the socio stone for the economic economic structure of growth the society  Food grains production increased
  8. 8. problems a gap was created between the people of the rural areas and those of the urban areas. Due to recession, famine and drought, India did not pay much heed to long term goals
  9. 9. Fifth Five Year Plan1974 to1979 OBJECTIVES PROBLEMS To reduce social, regional,  The international economy and economic disparities was in a trouble To enhance agricultural  Food, oil, and fertilizers productivity where prices sky-rocketed To check rural and urban  Several inflationary unemployment pressures To encourage self- ACHIEVEMENTS employment  Food grain production was Production support policies above 118 million tons due to in the cottage industry the improvement of sector infrastructural facilities To develop labor intensive  Bombay High had shot up the commercial production of oil in technological improvements India
  10. 10. Problems faced The world economy was in a troublesome state This had a negative impact on the Indian economy Prices in the energy and food sector skyrocketed and as a consequence inflation became inevitable
  11. 11. Sixth Five Year Plan1980 to1985 OBJECTIVES ACHIEVEMENTS To improve productivity level  Speedy industrial To initiate modernization for development achieving economic and  Emphasis on the information technological self-reliance technology sector To control poverty and  self sufficiency in food unemployment To develop indigenous energy  science and technology also sources and efficient energy made a significant advance usage  several successful programs To promote improved quality of on improvement of public life of the citizens health To introduce Minimum Needs  government in the Indian Program for the poor healthcare sector To initiate Family Planning  Government investments in the Indian healthcare sector
  12. 12. Problems faced During this time the Prime Minister was Rajiv Gandhi and hence industrial development was the emphasis of this plan some opposed it specially the communist groups, this slowed down the pace of progress.
  13. 13. Seventh Five Year Plan 1985 to 1989 OBJECTIVES ACHIEVEMENTS Anti-poverty program  Social Justice Improved facilities for education  Removal of oppression of to girls the week The government undertook to increase productivity of  Using modern technology Oilseeds,Fruits,Vegetables  Agricultural development Pulses,cereals,Fish  Anti-poverty programs Egg,Meat,milk. Communications  Full supply of food, Emergence of informatics, and clothing, and shelter hooking up of  Increasing productivity of telecommunications with small and large scale computers farmers Transport  Making India an inland waterways, product pipelines, civil aviation, coastal Independent Economy shipping
  14. 14. Problems 1989-91 was a period of political instability in India and hence no five year plan was implemented In 1991, India faced a crisis in foreign exchange(Forex) reserves
  15. 15. Eighth Five Year Plan1992 to1997 OBJECTIVES ACHIEVEMENTS Prioritize the specific sectors which  Rise in the employment level requires immediate investment  Poverty reduction To generate full scale employment  Self-reliance on domestic Promote social welfare measures resources like improved healthcare, sanitation, communication and provision for  Self-sufficiency in extensive education facilities at all agricultural production levels  GDP Growth Per Annum To check the increasing population growth by creating mass awareness 5.6 programs To encourage growth and diversification of agriculture To strengthen the infrastructural facilities To place greater emphasis on role of private initiative in the development of the industrial sector
  16. 16. Ninth Five Year Plan 1997 to 2002 OBJECTIVES ACHIEVEMENTS to prioritize rural development  A combined effort of public, to generate adequate private, and all levels of employment opportunities government to stabilize the prices  ensured the growth of Indias to ensure food and nutritional economy. security  Service sector showed fast to provide for the basic infrastructural facilities like growth rate education for all, safe drinking water, primary health care, transport, energy to check the growing population increase to encourage social issues like women empowerment to create a liberal market for increase in private investments
  17. 17. Tenth Five Year Plan (2002-2007) OBJECTIVES To transform the country into the fastest growing economy of the world targets an annual economic growth of 10% Human and social development The social net Industry and services:Industry,Minerals,Energy,Information technology,Tourism,Real estate,Construction,Internal trade Forests and environment Science and technology Special area programs schooling to be compulsory for children
  18. 18. Eleventh five year planOBJECTIVES Income & Poverty Education Health Women and Children Infrastructure Environment