Estonian nature


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Presentation about Estonian nature, made by Tiina Erala, Anne Mäeots, Niina Kuldkepp and Taimi Randalainen for the lessons in Korpuskoli during Nordplus PDW

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Estonian nature

  1. 1. Estonian Nature 2010
  2. 2. The Republic of Estonia <ul><li>A small country: from west to east 350 km, from north to south 250 km </li></ul><ul><li>Follow up the Estonian map: </li></ul>
  3. 3. Important facts Area : 45 227,63 km² Population : 1 342 409 (01/01/2007) Density of population: 29,6 persons per sq km Capital : Tallinn Administration division: 15 counties Official language : Estonian Currency : Eesti kroon (EEK) (1 kroon=100cents); currency exchange rate 1 EUR= 15,6466 EEK National letters: EST Politary : parliamentary republic Independence Day : 24 February Constitution : was adopted 28/06/1992 (4.) Head of State : President Toomas Hendrik Ilves
  4. 4. National symbols of Estonia National bird                                                             Barn swallow ( Hirundo rustica ) Adopted 23/06/1960 “ Midli-madli, kudli-kadli…tsärr!”.
  5. 5. National symbols of Estonia national fish                                                                                                                                           Baltic herring ( Clupea harengus membras ), has been near Estonian coast for 5,000 years Adopted 22/02/2007
  6. 6. National symbols of Estonia National flower Cornflower ( Centaurea cyanus ) Adopted in 1968. Has grown on Estonian soil for 10,000 years, from the time when the first humans came to Northern Europe. On the channelbanks there are storks with red legs, And golden rye is ripening in my sweet home field. Between proud blades, hundreds of blue, blue eyes, Taking a look over the exciting world to meet. In my rye field, in my bread corn is blooming a flower - cornflower, a nation beauty of ours.
  7. 8. National symbols of Estonia National stone                                                                                                                                                      Grey limestone Adopted 04/05/1992 Most castles, churches, farm buildings and countless stone fences are made of limestone.
  8. 9. Estonian Nature <ul><li>The Estonian landscape is largely the product of glacial activity. </li></ul><ul><li>The withdrawing sheet glacier left the granite boulders from the Scandinavian mountain ranges to Estonia. </li></ul>
  9. 10. The Estonian landscape is various <ul><li>Nearly a half of the Estonian mainland is covered by forest. </li></ul>
  10. 11. The Estonian landscape is various <ul><li>There are over 7,000 rivers and more than 1,500 lakes in Estonia. </li></ul>
  11. 12. The Estonian landscape is various <ul><li>The Estonian coast is dipped with lots of small islands, there are more than 1,500 of them. </li></ul><ul><li>The biggest islands are Saaremaa ja Hiiumaa. </li></ul>
  12. 13. The Estonian landscape is various <ul><li>A hard pan in North Estonia is limestone that arose hundreds of millions years ago in the bottom of the sea -when Estonia was covered by the flat sea. So limestone is a fossil layer formed from sea animals. </li></ul><ul><li>The highest limestone bank is in Ontika- reaching 56 metres. </li></ul>
  13. 14. The Estonian landscape is various <ul><li>A hard pan in Estonia is red sandstone that formes hundreds millions of years ago when the thick sandstone layers subsided in the bottom of the sea. </li></ul><ul><li>You can see several metres thick sandstone layers in the dales. In some places you can see the deep caves carved by water. </li></ul>
  14. 15. Estonian forest <ul><li>The most common tree in Estonia is pine. </li></ul><ul><li>The tallest pines in Estonia are 43 metres tall. </li></ul>
  15. 16. Estonian forest <ul><li>Fir and birch are the most common species of trees. </li></ul>
  16. 17. Estonian forest <ul><li>Alder and aspen are also widespread species of trees. </li></ul>
  17. 18. Wild animals <ul><li>Roe, fox, wild boar, wolf and hare are common animals in the Estonian forest. </li></ul>
  18. 19. Wild animals <ul><li>You can meet bears and lynxies in the Estonian forest. </li></ul>
  19. 20. Birds in Estonia <ul><li>There are 328 species of birds in Estonia. </li></ul>
  20. 21. Birds in Estonia <ul><li>Matsalu National Park was founded for nesting, mewing and perigrine birds in 1957. </li></ul><ul><li>In the pictures: white swan, </li></ul><ul><li>a colony of cormorants, geese) </li></ul>
  21. 22. The brand highlights five values: * Estonia is full of contrasts – Estonia has pure nature and also Tallinn old town. * Estonia is pure and northern – the design is northern, the nature is pure. * Estonia is the first and fast – the state accepts new solutions fast, for instance m-parking (paying for the parking with cell phone). * Estonia is romantic – the state is exotic, with romantic history and one can find romanticism from the old town and from the islands. * Estonia is available – Estonia is small, one can get from the airport to the woods or to the old town in 15 minutes.
  22. 23. <ul><li>Thank you for your attention! </li></ul>