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Sponsor quimbo yara activities in cacao


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Sponsor quimbo yara activities in cacao

  1. 1. Yara activities inthe cacao sector
  2. 2. Yara is a global supplier of fertilizers andnutrition advice to cacao farmers3 key elements of Yara’sposition in cacao: Product Knowledge Advice
  3. 3. Yara’s co-operations with cocoa associationsand research institutes Ghana – Trials in co-operation with CRIG (Cocoa Research Institute of Ghana) at farm level as well as on station – Demonstration at different farmer sites to compare the local Yara program – Implementation of best nutrient management through CAA (Cocoa Abrabopa Association), farmers meeting gathering 12,000 farmers in a stadium
  4. 4. Yara’s co-operations with cacao associations andresearch institutes (Continued) Indonesia – Trials in co-operation with USAID/Amarta II project – Farmers demonstration with Meroke, our local business partner Vietnam – Public Private Partnership with Mars, Cargill, MARD (Ministry of Agriculture), University of Tu Duc, Roots of Peace, Helvetas. – Farmers demonstration in Mekong Delta and in the Highlands in collaboration with Grand Place Chocolate and the WASI Research Institute
  5. 5. Focus on keyresults from Ghana
  6. 6. The fundamentals of the success story forcocoa farmers in Ghana An increase in yield as well as quality improvement when applying the Yara Crop Nutrition program for cacao, Therefore farmers are able to get more returns! What makes the Cacao Crop Nutrition Program so special in Ghana? – A complementary product: YaraLiva Nitrabor
  7. 7. YaraLiva NITRABOR  25.9% Calcium (CaO)  15.4% Total Nitrogen – 14.1% Nitrate – 1.3% Ammonium  0.3% Boron  Bulk density (loose) = 1.1kg/l  Granulometry (ISO) = 90% 2 - 4mm  Colour : yellow  Dry application
  8. 8. Results from the field
  9. 9. Healthier cacao treesDense an dark green foliage Less dense and less green foliageWith Yara Crop Nutrition With Farmers practices
  10. 10. With Yara Crop Nutrition: Reducing the black podHigher yields, more pods & heavier disease with YaraLivabeans Nitrabor Harvest - with Yara Crop Nutrition Program Cacao trees receiving YaraLiva Nitrabor Some farmers have experienced a yield of 2 to 3.75 mt/ha using the Yara Crop Nutrition Program Harvest – with Farmers practices – high level of black pod infection
  11. 11. YaraLiva Nitrabor also impacts on quality With Yara With Farmers practices
  12. 12. Possible improvement incacao nutrition in the Philippines
  13. 13. Balanced Nutrition is key as every nutrient has itsrole on plant growth
  14. 14. Balanced nutrition is needed to increase yield 1.8 1.6 1.4 1.2 Nutrient Ratio N = 1 1 0.8 0.6 0.4 0.2 0 Seeds in pod from low K N P2O5 K2O N P2O5 K2Oapplication fail to fill completely Farmer fertilizer Nutrient uptake ratio application in the whole plant Philippines Source: Modified after Thong & Ng (1978)
  15. 15. …To also reduce Cherelle Wilt –a physiological disorder Factors related to cherelle wilt are:  Water stress,  poor drainage,  nutrient deficiencies (N, P, B & Ca),  incidence of pests and diseases  Physiology: abnormal embryo… And to improve leaf flush Leaves develop on cacao as groups or ‘flushes’. Leaves from one flush will mature before the next flush occurs. Nutrients for a flush of growth are drawn from the older leaves
  16. 16. YaraMila WINNER : balanced nutrition for cacao  15 % Total Nitrogen (N) – 6.7% Nitrate – 8.3% Ammonium  9 % Total Phosphorous - 6.3% soluble P2O5  20 % Potassium (K2O)  1.8% Magnesium (Mg)  3.8% Sulfur (S)  0.015 Boron (B)  0.02 Manganese (Mn)  0.02 Zinc (Zn)  Bulk density (loose) = 1.08kg/l  Granulometry (2-4) = 85%  Colour : green
  17. 17. Yara can assist the cacao farmers with manymore improvementsVisit us at our exhibition booth to know moreabout our Cacao Crop Nutrition Program!