Successfully reported this slideshow.
We use your LinkedIn profile and activity data to personalize ads and to show you more relevant ads. You can change your ad preferences anytime.

Table of nutrients


Published on

Published in: Education
  • Be the first to comment

Table of nutrients

  1. 1. Nutrients Major sources Functions Effects of deficiency Effects of excess intake A Tomato, carrot,  For Vision  Night blindness Fat-soluble vitamins: (retinol) Green vegetables, egg (forms light absorbing pigment  Dry mucous membrane retained/accumulated in the body over time yolks, fish liver oil rhodopsin)  Infections  Liver problems  Maintain healthy skin  Hair Loss  Body immunity  Bone & joint paints  Loss of appetite D Cheese, egg yolks, fish  Help absorption of Calcium  Rickets (children)  Overload of Calcium (Calciferol) liver oil, sunlight  Bone formation  Brittle bones (adult) –widespread of calcification of soft tissues  Teeth strengthening – adverse affects to muscles and heart tissue E Wheat germ, Green  Antioxidants  X common  Fat-soluble vitamin-overdose-> toxic vegetables, palm oil,  Formation of red blood cells  Fatigue cereals, nuts  Preserve healthy muscular system,  Slow wound heal nervous system, blood circulatory  Premature aging system  Low fertility  Maintain function of the reproductive system  K Green vegetables, egg  Blood clotting  Slow blood clotting  Problems to red blood cells yolks, fish, liver,  Baby’s brain damage soybean oil Vitamin B Functions of vitamin B complex  generally serve as components of coenzymes Water-soluble vitamin:  They work together with enzymes in key metabolic processes which supply energy or  are involved in the synthesis of substance required by the body -can dissolve in blood plasma & excreted by kidneys B1, whole grains, Meat,  As coenzyme  Beri-beri (thiamine) yeast, milk -Helps body to oxidize (nerve degeneration) B2, Meat, fish, milk, liver, carbohydrates to release energy  Dry & cracked skin, mouth (riboflavin) green vegetables sores, poor growth B3 Meat, yeast, potatoes,  Pellagra - (niacin) (scaly skin sores, diarrhea, delusion)
  2. 2. B5, All living cells (plants &  Help in metabolism of - - animals) carbohydrates, proteins, fatty acids B6, Liver, fish , cereals, meat  Help in metabolism of  Anemia  Nerve problem carbohydrates, proteins, fatty acids  Irritability  Promote formation of Red blood  Fatigue cells B9 Liver, raw leafy green  DNA & RNA synthesis  Birth defects (cleft lip, limb - (Folic acid) vegetables  (work together with vitamin B12)- defects, spina bifida) Help in formation of RBC, regulate  Premature aging proper function of Fe, iron B12, Meat, milk, dairy  Help in formation of red blood cell  Pernicious anaemia (severe - products, yeast, green  Help in tissue formation anaemia) vegetables C Citrus fruits, green  Formation of Collagen  Poor collagen formation (ascorbic acid) vegetables -that supports body structures,  SCURVY bones, teeth (swollen, bleeding gums, tooth loss) Ca Milk, dairy products,  Forms bones & teeth  RICKETS (bent legs)  Kidney disease /calcium anchovies,vegetables  Blood clotting  OSTEOPOROSIS  Calcification of soft tissue  Disruption to the heart Fe / Iron Green leafy vegetable,  Makes haemoglobin  ANAEMIA liver, meat, egg yolk, (deficiency of red blood cells) beans P/ Nearly in all food  Forms bones & teeth  X common Phos-  Nucleic acid formation  Affect proper bones and teeth formation phorus  Energy (ATP)release in cells  Affects cell respiration & muscle contraction I/ Iodine Seafood, seaweed,  Synthesis of thyroxine  GOITRE (enlargement of thyroid gland)  Goitre iodised salt hormone that regulates  Cretinism (stunted physical & mental growth in metabolism & growth Children) Sodium Table salt, meat, dairy  Regulate body’s fluid balance  X common  HIGH BLOOD PRESSURE (Na) product  Nerve impulse transmission  Muscular Cramps (Hypertension)  HEART DISEASE  STROKE  KIDNEY DAMAGE
  3. 3. Carbo- Rice, grains,  Important source of energy / Produce  Cell respiration slows down  OBESITY hydrates cereals, energy  DIABETES MELLITUS (Excess potatoes, pasta,.. sugar),  CARDIOVASCULAR DISEASES,  Osteoarthritis,  Respiratory problem,… Lipid Meat, dairy  Important source of energy / Produce  Disrupt function of cell membrane  OBESITY products, nuts, energy  Atherosclerosis (due to high level vegetable oils,  Storage of energy of cholesterol deposits) butter,  Major part of cell membrane structure -cardiovascular diseases, margarine high blood pressure  Increase risk of cancer growth Protein Meat, beans,  For cell growth  KWASHIORKOR  Heart disease milk, dairy  As building block of structural component (severe deficiency of protein)  Calcium loss products, egg of cell which are required for growth  Very taxing on kidneys during  Production of Enzyme & hormone  Impaired mental & physical excretion development  Cell metabolism disrupted Protein &  MARASMUS energy (carbohydrates (severe deficiency of protein & energy- & lipid) providing nutrients) Water  Allow metabolic reactions to take place  Dehydration-death  Rarely – confusion, cramps  As transport medium  Constipation  Water toxicity / water intoxication  Cool the body Dietary Cereals,  To hold water  Constipation fibre vegetables,  Provide bulk to intestinal contents.  Haemorrhoids fruits,  Aid peristalsis through the digestive tract.  Colon cancer  Prevent the built-up of toxic substances in  Bowel cancer the rectum. *The bold words are important and can be found in your text book.