Diabetes mellitus

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Diabetes mellitus

  1. 1. Diabetes Mellitus A children’s silent killer
  2. 2. Do you know? Most of the children from Singapore and western countries such as United States, America, Canada…have diabetes at the age of <12. WHY?
  3. 3. WHY do people get diabetes at a very young age? <ul><li>In old days, people said only old or obese human being are suffering diabetes. </li></ul><ul><li>In this days, children have to inject themselves for about twice a day </li></ul>
  4. 4. Remember <ul><li>Foods that today's children enjoy: </li></ul><ul><li>McDonald </li></ul><ul><li>Double Cheeseburger tambah cheese </li></ul><ul><li>Sweets </li></ul><ul><li>CONTAIN TOO MUCH AMOUNT OF SUGAR! </li></ul>
  5. 5. What is diabetes mellitus? <ul><li>A chronic condition associated with abnormally high sugar </li></ul><ul><li>Results from either deficiency of or a resistance to insulin-a hormone produced by the pancreas whose function is to lower blood sugar. </li></ul>
  6. 6. Insulin <ul><li>a hormone </li></ul><ul><li>regulating the energy and glucose metabolism in the body </li></ul><ul><li>Did you know? </li></ul><ul><li>Insulin contains 51 amino acids. </li></ul>
  7. 7. Types of diabetes mellitus <ul><li>Type 1: insulin dependent; juvenile on set </li></ul><ul><li>Type 2: adult on set diabetes; non-insulin dependent </li></ul>
  8. 8. Insulin <ul><li>Insulin Injection </li></ul>
  9. 9. Signs and symptoms <ul><li>frequent urination </li></ul><ul><li>increased thirst and hunger </li></ul><ul><li>Blurred vision </li></ul><ul><li>Mouth smell of acetone </li></ul><ul><li>Weight loss </li></ul><ul><li>Hypervelanting </li></ul><ul><li>Nausea </li></ul><ul><li>Vomiting </li></ul><ul><li>Abdominal pain </li></ul><ul><li>Kidney failure </li></ul><ul><li>Mood swings </li></ul>
  10. 11. Treatment <ul><li>close dietary management </li></ul><ul><li>Exercise at least half an hour a day </li></ul><ul><li>use of appropriate medications </li></ul><ul><li>wear diabetic shoe and socks </li></ul><ul><li>Kidney and pancreas transplant </li></ul><ul><li>Consult and follow a doctor’s advise </li></ul><ul><li>Stop eating rice or even sweet foods </li></ul>
  11. 13. Prevention <ul><li>Exercise regularly </li></ul><ul><li>Avoid consuming unhealthy food </li></ul><ul><li>Controlling blood pressure, cholesterol and triglycerides since young </li></ul><ul><li>Maintain body weight </li></ul>

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