Minerals<br />
Today Lesson…<br />Minerals in a diet<br />Roughage / dietary fibre in a diet<br />
Learning outcomes:<br />At the end of the lesson, you will be able to: <br />Explain the functions & sources of mineralsin...
Minerals<br /><ul><li>Mineral are simple inorganic nutrients </li></ul>which must be obtained through the diet<br />	- foo...
vital for maintenance of good health.</li></ul>SIMILAR to  <br />vitamins<br />Vitamin -ORGANIC<br />
Minerals<br />
calcium <br />phosphorus <br />Sodium, <br />Potassium,<br />chlorine<br />Macrominerals<br />structural component of bone...
major influence on the osmotic balance between body cells and the interstitial fluid</li></li></ul><li>Macrominerals<br />
Macrominerals<br />
Microminerals<br />
Rickets<br />D<br />
Goitre<br />Maid <br />
Osteoporosis<br />
<ul><li>Night blindness
Dry mucous membrane & skin</li></ul>a<br />C<br /><ul><li>Scurvy </li></ul>D, Ca, P, <br /><ul><li>Bone & Teeth</li></ul>D...
<ul><li>Beri-beri</li></ul>b1<br />(Nerve degeneration)<br /><ul><li>Premature aging
Birth defect</li></ul>b9(Folic acid)<br />Iodine<br /><ul><li>Goitre</li></ul>b3<br /><ul><li>Pellagra</li></ul>Iron (Fe),...
Wound heal slowly
Premature aging</li></li></ul><li><ul><li>Beri-beri
Night blindness
Dry mucous membrane & skin</li></ul>b1<br />(Nerve degeneration)<br />a<br /><ul><li>Premature aging
Birth defect</li></ul>b9 (Folic acid)<br />C<br /><ul><li>Scurvy </li></ul>D, Ca, P, <br /><ul><li>Bone & Teeth</li></ul>I...
Wound heal slowly
Premature aging</li></ul>K<br /><ul><li>Blood clotting</li></ul>Calcium<br />
Roughage /Dietary Fibres<br />
Dietary Fibres<br />= indigestible part of plant food which consists mainly cellulose.<br />Not a nutrient<br />Recommende...
High fibre content food<br />Wholemeal grains<br />
Extra<br />Fruit, vegetables, kidney beans, baked beans, oats, barley<br />Dissolves in water-form gel that expands foods ...
Roughage passes out the alimentary canal in the faeces,<br />WITHOUT being absorbed and assimilated into the body<br />
Why we still need to consume it?<br />
It has a high water holding capacity<br />It provides bulk to intestinal contents, especially in the large intestine.<br /...
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4s6 c nutrition (mineral & dietary fibre)

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4s6 c nutrition (mineral & dietary fibre)

  1. 1. Minerals<br />
  2. 2.
  3. 3.
  4. 4. Today Lesson…<br />Minerals in a diet<br />Roughage / dietary fibre in a diet<br />
  5. 5. Learning outcomes:<br />At the end of the lesson, you will be able to: <br />Explain the functions & sources of mineralsin a diet to maintain health,<br />Explain the effects of deficiency and overconsumption of minerals to human body.<br />Explain the functions & sources of dietary fibre/ roughagein a diet to maintain health.<br />Justify the selection of an appropriate balanced diet for a target group.<br />
  6. 6. Minerals<br /><ul><li>Mineral are simple inorganic nutrients </li></ul>which must be obtained through the diet<br /> - food or drinking water<br /><ul><li>minerals provide NO energy
  7. 7. vital for maintenance of good health.</li></ul>SIMILAR to <br />vitamins<br />Vitamin -ORGANIC<br />
  8. 8. Minerals<br />
  9. 9. calcium <br />phosphorus <br />Sodium, <br />Potassium,<br />chlorine<br />Macrominerals<br />structural component of bone and teeth<br />Vitamin D<br /><ul><li>important role in nerve function
  10. 10. major influence on the osmotic balance between body cells and the interstitial fluid</li></li></ul><li>Macrominerals<br />
  11. 11. Macrominerals<br />
  12. 12. Microminerals<br />
  13. 13. Rickets<br />D<br />
  14. 14. Goitre<br />Maid <br />
  15. 15. Osteoporosis<br />
  16. 16. <ul><li>Night blindness
  17. 17. Dry mucous membrane & skin</li></ul>a<br />C<br /><ul><li>Scurvy </li></ul>D, Ca, P, <br /><ul><li>Bone & Teeth</li></ul>D<br />Calcium<br /><ul><li>Osteoporosis</li></ul>Phosphorus<br />D<br /><ul><li>Rickets</li></ul>Calcium<br />K<br /><ul><li>Blood clotting</li></ul>Calcium<br />
  18. 18. <ul><li>Beri-beri</li></ul>b1<br />(Nerve degeneration)<br /><ul><li>Premature aging
  19. 19. Birth defect</li></ul>b9(Folic acid)<br />Iodine<br /><ul><li>Goitre</li></ul>b3<br /><ul><li>Pellagra</li></ul>Iron (Fe), B6,b12<br /><ul><li>Anemia</li></ul>E<br /><ul><li>Low fertility
  20. 20. Wound heal slowly
  21. 21. Premature aging</li></li></ul><li><ul><li>Beri-beri
  22. 22. Night blindness
  23. 23. Dry mucous membrane & skin</li></ul>b1<br />(Nerve degeneration)<br />a<br /><ul><li>Premature aging
  24. 24. Birth defect</li></ul>b9 (Folic acid)<br />C<br /><ul><li>Scurvy </li></ul>D, Ca, P, <br /><ul><li>Bone & Teeth</li></ul>Iodine<br />D<br /><ul><li>Goitre</li></ul>Calcium<br /><ul><li>Osteoporosis</li></ul>Phosphorus<br /><ul><li>Pellagra</li></ul>b3<br />Iron (Fe), B6,b12<br /><ul><li>Anemia</li></ul>D<br /><ul><li>Rickets</li></ul>Calcium<br />E<br /><ul><li>Low fertility
  25. 25. Wound heal slowly
  26. 26. Premature aging</li></ul>K<br /><ul><li>Blood clotting</li></ul>Calcium<br />
  27. 27. Roughage /Dietary Fibres<br />
  28. 28. Dietary Fibres<br />= indigestible part of plant food which consists mainly cellulose.<br />Not a nutrient<br />Recommended 25-50g of fibre daily<br />c<br />
  29. 29. High fibre content food<br />Wholemeal grains<br />
  30. 30. Extra<br />Fruit, vegetables, kidney beans, baked beans, oats, barley<br />Dissolves in water-form gel that expands foods undergoing digestion, allowing it to pass through the digestive system more easily and prevent constipation<br />Reduces absorption <br />
  31. 31. Roughage passes out the alimentary canal in the faeces,<br />WITHOUT being absorbed and assimilated into the body<br />
  32. 32. Why we still need to consume it?<br />
  33. 33. It has a high water holding capacity<br />It provides bulk to intestinal contents, especially in the large intestine.<br />This aid peristalsiswhich allows gut muscles to grip food & move it along quickly through the digestive tract.<br />Roughage /Dietary Fibres<br />肠癌<br />
  34. 34. This prevents the built-up of <br /> toxic substances in the rectum.<br />Toxic in rectum-leads to <br />bowel cancer.<br />Roughage /Dietary Fibres<br />肠癌<br />
  35. 35. Stimulate peristalsis<br />Prevent constipation<br />Weight-control throuh the “stomach-full” feeling<br />Absorbing and eliminating toxic substances<br />Prevent cancer of colon and rectum<br />Roughage /Dietary Fibres<br />
  36. 36. Deficiencyof Roughage<br />constipation<br />&<br />Other disorder of large intestine<br />Hemorrhoids<br />Bowel cancer<br />Colon cancer<br />
  37. 37.
  38. 38. Deficiencyof Roughage<br />Other disorder of <br />large intestine<br />Irritable bowel syndrome (IBS)<br />Diverticular disease<br />Endometriosis<br />Ulcerative colitis<br />
  39. 39. Eat more vegetable & fruits<br />There are a lot of vitamins, minerals, enzymes in vegetable and fruits that help in your metabolic process.<br />At least 1 kg vegetable as possible.<br />Less meat<br />
  40. 40. Get vitamins and minerals from fresh food<br />Eat more vegetable & fruits<br />
  41. 41. Take Care of your health all the time!<br />
  42. 42. References<br />http://www.fatfreekitchen.com/fibers.html<br />http://www.emedicinehealth.com/colon_cancer/article_em.htm<br />http://digestive.niddk.nih.gov/ddiseases/pubs/hemorrhoids/<br />

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