Diabetes

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Diabetes

  1. 1. 1By: Amanda Galvao, Alex Ortega, Mayana Joseph, Kaitlyn Campo
  2. 2. What is Type 2 Diabetes? 2• Pancreas does not produce enough insulin• Insulin resistance- fat, liver, muscle cells don’t respond to the insulin
  3. 3. What does Insulin Do? Eat food Body breaks down food into glucose (sugar)Sugar goes into the blood to betransported to cellsInsulin helps the sugar 3 from the blood enter into the other cells
  4. 4. Who is at risk?• Elderly• African Americans, Latinos, Native Americans, Asian Americans• Those with excess body weight around their mid section• High blood pressure, high triglyceride levels, high 4 cholesterol• Those with a family history of it• Those with a low activity level• Smokers and alcoholics
  5. 5. Early Symptoms• Hunger• Thirst• Fatigue• Increased urination 5• Frequent infections that take a while to heal• Blurred vision• Numbness or pain in the hands and feet• Acanthosis nigricans- darkened skin patches
  6. 6. Later Symptoms/Effects • Blindness • Cardiovascular issues • Nerve damage • Amputations of the lower limbs • Kidney damage6
  7. 7. Diabetes and Amputations• Diabetes causes poor blood circulation and nerve damage• This leads to ulcers• Ulcers cause damage to the tissue and bone, leaving amputation as the only option 87
  8. 8. Diabetes Tests• Fasting blood glucose level  Shouldn’t be higher than 126 mg/dL• Hemoglobin A1c test  6.5% or higher means diabetes• Oral glucose tolerance test  After 2 hours, shouldn’t be over 200mg/dL 9
  9. 9. Diabetic Meters• Used to measure your blood glucose levelsNormal blood glucose levels: fasting: 70-99mg/dL 2 hours after eating: 70-145mg/dL casual: 10-125mg/dL 10 11
  10. 10. How to use a Diabetic Meter 12
  11. 11. Treatments • Oral and injectable medications that can lower blood glucose levels • Active life style and eating right • Insulin pump 1413
  12. 12. Glycemic Index (GI)• A measure of how much a certain food will raise your blood glucose level• A food with a high GI will raise blood glucose 15 quickly• Foods with fat and fiber tend to have low GI 16
  13. 13. 17
  14. 14. Faces of Type 2 Diabetes
  15. 15. SourcesGlycemic Index and Diabetes (2005). American Diabetes Association.Retrieved Feb 23, 2012 from http://www.diabetes.org/food-and-fitness/food/planning-meals/glycemic-index-and-diabetes.htmlMayo Clinic Staff (Oct 1, 2011). Amputation and Diabetes: how toprotect your feet. Mayo Clinic. Retrieved Feb 26, 2012 fromhttp://www.mayoclinic.com/health/amputation-and-diabetes/DA00140Type 2 Diabetes ( June 28, 2011). PubMed Health. Retrieved Feb 25, 2012from http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmedhealth/PMH0001356/Type 2 Diabetes Overview ( June 2, 2009). WebMD. RetrievedFeb 22, 2012 from http://diabetes.webmd.com/guide/type-2-diabetes?page=1Type 2 Diabetes (June 28, 2011). New York Times. Retrieved Feb 23, 2012 fromhttp://health.nytimes.com/health/guides/disease/type-2-diabetes/overview.htmlCelebrities with Type 2 Diabetes. Health. Retrieved Feb 26, 2012 fromhttp://www.health.com/health/gallery/0,,20490828_last,00.html
  16. 16. Sources continuedWhat is Normal Blood Sugar? (2011). Phlaunt. Retrieved Feb 23, 2012from http://www.phlaunt.com/diabetes/16422495.phpType 2 Diabetes and Amputations (2009). Insulite Laboratories. RetrievedFeb 22, 2012 fromhttp://diabetesmanagement.insulitelabs.com/index.php?q=type-2-diabetes-and-amputation.php
  17. 17. Picture refrences1.http://www.medicalmalpracticelawyerblogphiladelphia.com/wp-content/uploads/2011/06/type2diabetes.jpg2.http://www.pre-diabetes.com/download/medical/how-insulin-works.jpg3.http://img.webmd.com/dtmcms/live/webmd/consumer_assets/site_images/articles/health_tools/diabetes_type-2_slideshow/phototake_rm_illustration_of_insulin_absorption.jpg4.http://www.menshealth.com/spotlight/diabetes/images/diabetes-risks.jpg5.http://skinipedia.org/images/photos/acan1.jpg6.http://dtc.ucsf.edu/images/charts/5.d.jpg7.http://goodhealthhub.com/wp-content/uploads/2011/11/Diabetic-Foot-4.jpg8.http://www.sciencephoto.com/image/256062/350wm/M1400349-Toe_amputation_due_to_diabetes-SPL.jpg
  18. 18. Picture references continued9.http://www.diabeteshealthysolutions.com/wp-content/uploads/2011/06/normal-hemoglobin-a1c.jpg10. http://images01.tzimg.com/cache/h3w4/500_1239329605_cbd8d77fb46ad49722ea905b2d72222c.jpg11.http://4.bp.blogspot.com/_UmpviLmUQvI/TCYFJc4CwQI/AAAAAAAAAEI/q5PCYDffux8/s1600/glucose+meter.jpg12.http://www.wakehealth.edu/images/graphics/images/en/19839.jpg13.http://www.nlm.nih.gov/medlineplus/ency/images/ency/fullsize/18035.jpg14. http://www.snspost.com/wp-content/uploads/2012/01/portionControl-photo.jpg15. http://sp.life123.com/bm.pix/low-glycemic-index-foods.s600x600.jpg16.http://1.bp.blogspot.com/-MjFiUj19iOw/TZGTgd1Vk0I/AAAAAAAADGM/YQC8o6Lfx0o/s1600/Sugary-foods.jpg17.http://be-remarkable.org/wp-content/uploads/2011/07/glycemic-index.jpg

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