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Stress management


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Stress management

  1. 2. <ul><li>Part 1 – Stress in General </li></ul><ul><li>Part 2 - Stress at Work </li></ul><ul><li>Part 3 – Stress Management </li></ul>
  2. 3. <ul><li>Stress in General </li></ul>
  3. 4. <ul><li>HEALTH AND SAFETY IN EMPLOYMENT ACT 1992 (sect 6) </li></ul><ul><li>Every employer shall take all practicable steps to ensure the safety of employees while at work </li></ul><ul><li>HEALTH AND SAFETY IN EMPLOYMENT ACT 1992 (sect 7) </li></ul><ul><li>Every employer shall ensure that there are in place effective methods for identifying existing hazards, and (if possible before they arise) new hazards to employees at work. </li></ul>
  4. 5. Stress is a feeling that's created when we react to particular events. It's the body's way of rising to a challenge and preparing to meet a tough situation with focus, strength, stamina, and heightened alertness. The events that provoke stress are called stressors, and they cover a whole range of situations — everything from outright physical danger to making a class presentation or taking a semester's worth of your toughest subject.
  5. 6. Headaches Stomach Aches Sweating Diarrhea Sleeplessness Rapid Breathing Increased Heart Rate
  6. 7. Relationship Environment Educational Occupational Financial
  7. 8. <ul><li>Financial Worries </li></ul><ul><li>Finance Fix </li></ul><ul><li>Raising Children </li></ul>
  8. 9. <ul><li>Temperature </li></ul><ul><li>Lights </li></ul><ul><li>Noise Pollution </li></ul><ul><li>Weather </li></ul>
  9. 10. <ul><li>Deadlines </li></ul><ul><li>Examinations </li></ul><ul><li>Joining sports team </li></ul>
  10. 11. <ul><li>Work overload </li></ul><ul><li>Extreme rigidity </li></ul><ul><li>Role conflict </li></ul><ul><li>Counts of responsibility </li></ul>
  11. 12. Pain Weight Sleep Difficulty Anxiety or Depressive Disorder Heart Disease and Stroke Concentration and Memory Gastrointestinal Disorders
  12. 13. Getting married Graduating from school Moving to a new house Having a baby Going on a first date working as hard as you can at sports
  13. 14. <ul><li>Physical symptoms </li></ul><ul><li>Mental symptoms </li></ul><ul><li>Behavioural symptoms </li></ul><ul><li>Emotional symptoms </li></ul>
  14. 15. Fear Panic A fast heart rate Rapid, shallow breathing Increased muscle tension Uncertainty Excess Sweating
  15. 16. Mood swings Excessive Worrying Forgetfulness Lack of Concentration Negative Attitude or Apathy Feeling Insecure Irritable
  16. 17. Hostility Fast Speech Fast Driving Impatience Self-harming Obsessive Compulsive Disorder (OCD)
  17. 18. Drug Abuse Excessive Smoking Angry or Aggressive Outbursts Blaming Others Thoughts of Suicide
  18. 19. <ul><li>Stress is not the same as ill-health, but has been related to such illnesses as; </li></ul><ul><li>- Heart attack and high blood pressure </li></ul><ul><li>- Insomnia </li></ul><ul><li>- Ulcers </li></ul><ul><li>- Rheumatoid arthritis </li></ul>
  19. 20. Sickness Absenteeism Accidents, Errors and Mistakes Reworking Overtime Staff Retention
  20. 21. <ul><li>Stress at Work </li></ul>
  21. 22. unreasonable demands lack of job security night-shift work long working hours office politics and conflicts time spent away from family wages not commensurate work pressure
  22. 23. <ul><li>Stress Management </li></ul>
  23. 24. <ul><li>External Stresses </li></ul><ul><li>Internal Stresses </li></ul>
  24. 25. <ul><li>Change to a new type of work </li></ul><ul><li>Change in your work hours or conditions </li></ul><ul><li>Change in your responsibilities at work </li></ul><ul><li>Troubles at work </li></ul><ul><li>Major business adjustment </li></ul><ul><li>Retirement </li></ul><ul><li>Loss of job </li></ul><ul><li>Work overload </li></ul><ul><li>Deadline pressure </li></ul><ul><li>Lack of support & resources </li></ul><ul><li>Lack of recognition </li></ul><ul><li>Lack of feedback </li></ul><ul><li>Unclear goals & objectives </li></ul><ul><li>High rate of staff sick leave </li></ul><ul><li>Conflicting demands </li></ul>
  25. 26. <ul><li>Major change in living conditions </li></ul><ul><li>Change in residence </li></ul><ul><li>Change in family get-togethers </li></ul><ul><li>Marriage </li></ul><ul><li>Pregnancy </li></ul><ul><li>Miscarriage or abortion </li></ul><ul><li>Child leaving home </li></ul><ul><li>Change in arguments with spouse </li></ul><ul><li>In-law problems </li></ul><ul><li>Change in marital status of your parents: </li></ul><ul><li>Separation from spouse: </li></ul><ul><li>Divorce </li></ul><ul><li>Birth of grandchild </li></ul><ul><li>Death of spouse </li></ul><ul><li>Death of other family member </li></ul>
  26. 27. <ul><li>Inability to accept uncertainty </li></ul><ul><li>Pessimism </li></ul><ul><li>Negative self-talk </li></ul><ul><li>Unrealistic expectations </li></ul><ul><li>Perfectionism </li></ul><ul><li>Lack of assertiveness </li></ul>
  27. 28. <ul><li>Environment - Open your eyes and your ears with the people you come into contact with or who call you on the phone and listen to what they are saying </li></ul><ul><li>Always Smile - when you smile outside you can feel it inside even if you are not in a good mood </li></ul><ul><li>Get Some Sleep - Be sure you are getting your eight hours of sleep at night so that you wake refreshed </li></ul><ul><li>Be Positive - With each individual experience there is always a way to view it from a positive perspective by referring to your control techniques and keeping that optimistic attitude </li></ul>STRESS CONTROL
  28. 29. <ul><li>Change your Sleep Time </li></ul><ul><li>Change your Diet </li></ul><ul><li>Change your Way of Thinking </li></ul>