----- Meeting Notes (12/3/12 22:22) -----Nike and Behavior Analysis
A little background information about Nike. I adopted him when he was only 10 weeks old from the SPCA. Nike is now 2 ½ years old. He is a black lab and boxer mix who is full of energy and personality.
Nike loves a variety of activities which goes hand in hand with his fun and curious personality. One of his favorite things to do is play with other dogs. His best friend is named Dallas, they have been friends since they were both just 10 weeks old, and still love seeing each other. He also loves going for car rides, as you can see in the picture he always rides with his paw out the window. It cracks me up whenever he does it.
The goal of the behavioral intervention: Nikes repertoire of tricks includes sitting down, laying down, giving a “high-5,” rolling over, and giving kisses. I have implemented five sounds into my power point and with the help of behavior analysis Nike is now able to do one of the tricks in his repertoire when he hears one of the five sounds in my power point.
The first step of this processes was the pairing of one of the Neutral Stimuli (sound of a bell, whistle, horn, cheering, and an alarm) with a treat. This is known as the pairing procedure. For the pairing procedure to be effective the Neutral stimulus had to be paired with an unlearned stimulus which included treats, pieces of dog food, and pieces of human food such as peanut butter and cheez-its (two of his favorites).
Nike & behavior analysis
+NIKE & BEHAVIOR ANALYSIS By: Samantha Kempf
+ Hi, I’mA Little Bit About Nike!! Adopted2 ½ years old Black lab & Boxer mix Fun & energetic
+ LOVES.. Hanging out with other dogs Dallas and Nike have known each other since they were puppies. Playing Going for car rides Sleeping Looking out the window Chasing squirrels
+ WHAT’S THAT SOUND??? ♪I’ve implemented five soundsinto my power point and withthe help of behavior analysisNike will be able to respondwith an old trick, such as rollingover, in the presence of the newdiscriminative stimulus, ratherthan in the presence of the olddiscriminative stimulus, mesaying “Nike roll over.” GOAL OF THE BEHAVIORAL INTERVENTION Nikes tricks include the following: sitting down, laying down, giving a “high-5,” rolling over, and giving a kiss …& now… each trick has been paired with a specific sound
+ PAIRING PROCEDURE Step#1 NEUTRAL STIMULI (5) 1) Sound of a doorbell 2) Sound of clapping SOUND TREAT 3) Sound of a clock (tick tock) 4) Sound of a duck quack NO SOUND NO TREAT 5) Sound of a drum roll UNLEARNED REINFORCER’S included pieces of dog food, as well as human food, and treats. EXAMPLE being used involves sound of a bell with immediate presentation of a treat
THE RESULTS of the PAIRING PROCEDURE The pairing of the neutral stimulus (the sound of the bell) and the unlearned reinforcer (the treat) resulted in the value-altering principle (the pairing procedure converts a neutral stimulus into a learned reinforcer or learned aversive stimulus) Which would not have been possible with out a motivating operation (a procedure or condition that affects learning and performance with respect to a particular reinforcer or aversive condition). BEFORE: BEHAVIOR: AFTER: Nike does Nike gives Nike does not hear the me a “high- hear the bell+ bell 5” DEPRIVATION: Nike has not had MOTIVATING food for over 6 hours OPERATION
reinforcing orpunishing a response inthe presence of onestimulus andextinguishing it orallowing it to recover inthe presence of anotherstimulusDISCRIMINATION TRAININGPROCEDURESTEP#2 SD: Sound of Bell AFTER: BEFORE: BEHAVIOR: Praise No praise Nike gives + a “High-5” AFTER: No praise S-Delta: No sound of bell
+ DIFFERENTIAL REINFORCEMENT STEP#3 reinforcing one set of responses and withholding reinforcement BEHAVIOR: AFTER: for another set of Nike gives Nike responsesBEFORE: a “High-5” receives Nike praisereceivesno praise BEHAVIOR: AFTER: Nike rolls Nike over receives no praiseThis behavioral contingency wasused to ensure that only thedesired response (give a “High-5”) was occurring to the sound ofthe bell and not any otherresponse (for example: rollingover).
+ ANALOG TO AVOIDANCE OF LOSS OF A REINFORCER BEHAVIOR: BEFORE: Nike is AFTER: Will lose attentive and Won’t lose theopportunity for cooperative for opportunity forpeanut butter in 8 minutes peanut butter 8 minutes during power in 8 minutes pointThis helps Nike stay on task during the entire eight minute power point.Peanut butter is one of his favoritereinforcers!!
+ BEHAVIOR: DELAY: BEFORE: AFTER: Nike makes a 8 minutes after Nike has no Nike has peanut correctpeanut butter butter response ineffective contingencyOOOPS!That last contingency was incorrect …WHY?Nike is a dog.Therefore he is non-verbalSo really the presentation of peanut butterafter the power point is an ineffective contingencybecause I can not use rule control!
+ The responses willEven after all the time eventuallytraining, pairing, discrimina extinguishting,&differentially reinforcingNikes behavior. (Unless I continue to intermittently reinforce the responses after this power point) THE END!!