MONACO By Group 5: Kaija S, Alina V, Nataliya S, Mercedes S, Daisha S, Stephanie S.Principality of Monaco (Principauté de Monaco)
Members & Responsibilities:Kaija S.: Information about Monaco, Introductory andConclusory slides, and Layout/Set-upMercedes S.: Rituals (verbal/nonverbal traditions)Alina V.: Nonverbal Formal and Informal Use of Clothing,Layout and Set-upDaisha S.: Two Open-Ended QuestionsNataliya S.: Two Open-Ended QuestionsStephanie S.: Gender Roles
Purpose:The purpose of this group assignment was for the designated groups to research the culture assigned, which was Monaco for our group. We as a group were responsible for explaining the culture of Monaco to the class through a 20-25 slide PowerPoint. In this presentation we will cover and explain Monaco at a glance, the nonverbal use of formal and informal clothing, the verbal and nonverbal rituals/traditions, and gender roles. We will also present 3-5 questions in conclusion to our reference page near the end of the presentation.
Table of Contents:Section I: The Culture of Monaco, by Kaija. •History of Monaco, & General Facts about MonacoSection II: Nonverbal Use of Clothing, by Alina. •Formal & InformalSection III: Rituals, by Mercedes. •Verbal & Nonverbal TraditionsSection IV: Gender Roles, by Stephanie.Section V: Questions For The Class, by Daisha & Nataliya.SectionVI: Conclusion, by Kaija.SectionVII: Citation Page, by All.Layout and Set-up: Alina & Kaija.
The Culture of Monaco Monaco has a tourist business that attracts as many as 1.5 million visitors a year and is famous for its beaches and casinos. Especially world-famous Monte Carlo. Monaco had gambling tables as early as 1856. The Phoenicians, and after them the Greeks, had a temple on the Monacan headland honoring Hercules. The principality took its name from Monoikos, the Greek surname for this mythological hero. Afterbeing independent for 800 years, Monaco was annexed to France in 1793 and placed under Sardinia’s protection in 1815. By the Franco- Monegasque treaty of 1861, Monaco went under French guardianship but continued to be independent. A treaty made with France in 1918 contained a clause providing that, in the event that the male Grimaldidynasty should die out, Monaco would become autonomous state under French protection
History(1297) Francois Grimaldi seizes the fortress of Monaco from a rival Italian Faction. TheGrimaldi ascent began when Francois, disguised as a monk, led a small army into the fortress reclaiming it in the name of the Pope. *INTERESTING FACT: Monaco’s coat ofarms has two monks brandishing swords whichis a representation of Grimaldi’s daring victory.(1604) Lord Honore II came to the throne and launched Monaco into its “Great Century.” Lord Honore II deigned himself worthy of a new title of Prince Honore II.
(1789-1799) The French Revolution was a major event in the history of Monaco. It took a heavy toll on European royalty, including the Grimaldis. Monaco was annexed byFrance and members of the Monegasque royal family were imprisoned. All rights of the Grimadis were restored with the abdication of Napoleon in 1814. (1861) Monano relinquished half of its territory to Francein exchange for cash and independence. Prince Charles III was on the throne and he realized that most of Monaco’s natural resources has been lost with the land andsomething had to be done to reestablish an economic base in the Principality.
(1863) Prince Charles III decided that tourism and gambling were going to be the solution to Monaco’s problem of natural resources. He established the “Societedes Bains de Mer” which consisted of a handful of hotels, a theater, and a casino. The company would eventually flourish and become the foundation of the magnificent district of Monte-Carlo. (1949) Prince Rainier III ascended to the throne and caught the worlds attention with his “storybook” marriage to actress Grace Kelly. (Today) Monaco stands as a proud monarchy with their son, H.S.H Prince Albert II as the head of state. In 1997, the Grimaldi family celebrated the 700th anniversary of its reign in Monaco.
About Monaco Monaco is located on the Mediterranean Sea, tucked into the Maritimes Alps They have about 8,000 citizens consisting of 47% French, 16% Monègasque, 16% Italian, and 21% other Monaco has a Constitutional Monarchy led by H.S.H. Prince Albert 11 The official language is French
Monaco is also 95% Roman Catholic. The main sources of economy are light manufacturing, banking and financial services, shipping and trade. Research and development in biotechnology and marine environment, and tourism. Their National Holiday is National Day (Saint Rainier’s Day) on November 19th Monaco’s currency is the euro Major landmarks include: Monte-Carlo Casino, Salle Garnier Opera House, Oceanographic Museum, Prince’s Palace, and the Monaco Cathedral.
Monaco’s Rituals Monaco is a Principality made upof French, Italian, and Monegasque people, as is customary with these cultures the rituals are majority ruled by Roman Catholic. The traditions and religious beliefs of Monaco have been influences bythe ethnic tribes (Monegasque) and the cultures surrounding them. Monaco has many verbal and nonverbal rituals, as will be shown in the sections to come.
Patron Saint of Monaco: Saint DevoteIn the beginning of the 4th century Devote was martyred for her religious beliefs, in a Roman providence. Her martyred corpse was put on a boat leaving for Africa where some believers felt she would find a Christian burial. Though as the ship was starting its voyage a storm arose, in the middle of the storm calming, a dove was said to come out of Devotes mouth and guide the boat to Monacos coast and land on a bush in a little valley of Gaumates. On January 27th circa 312, Devotes took Monaco, and inhabitants, under her protection as a Saint.
Devotes tomb was marked by a rustic oratory. Sailors, residents, and faithful others stopped by to venerate the relics of Devote. Miracles started happening. One greatly told story about Saint Devotes tomb is a man stole relics to sell over seas because ofthe believed powers. He was stopped by fishermen who witness the robbery, and the fishermen burnt the robbers boat as a sacrifice to Devote.
Nonverbal Rituals Monaco still has a ceremony forDevote, to this day. The ceremony starts with a torch light procession and a blessing. Followed by a boat being set on fire, as a symbolic measure of the robbers boat. Thisboat is decorated in olive, pine, and laurel branches. This celebration ceremony is part of Holy Week.
Bonfires are customarily set on fire at every ceremony. it is customary that businesses beclosed on holidays. Also food takes a major play in Monaco, and traditional ceremonies and feastssuch as, fougasses, a flat biscuit that has a sprinkled topping. Marriage is seen as a constitution in Monaco, on that is not taken lightly. Many activities revolve around family units.
Verbal RitualsThe verbal rituals of Monaco revolvearound the Roman Catholic church. All main religious ceremonies are guided by the Roman Catholic church. Therefore the blessings, chants, prayers that are quoted and said are found within the Roman Catholic beliefs. Though some are impacted by regional ethnic tribes. They speak in French, Italian, and English in their services, which are the three major languages of Monaco.
Gender Roleso The Monegasque men and women are culturally driven around their Roman Catholic religious background and have a strong emphasis on family. Until the 20th century, women played the traditional family roles and stayed at home and took care of the house and the family, they were also not able to be politically active until the 1960s. In present times, more Monegasque men work outside the home then the women, however, women do work in a variety of work fields and are very politically active.
Not only have they gained recognition politically but they have also celebrated womens sports achievements. While obtaining these achievements have been highlights for the woman of Monaco, according to monaco-iq.com there are still four issues that they deal mostly with, which are maternal and infant health - creating andequipping clinics in poor rural areas, support for income generation by female entrepreneurs, literacy for women and children and female circumcision. Because of Monacos belief in family and strong respect for human rights, it is rare to have reports of domestic violence abuse, and the punishment would be a criminal offense.
NON-VERBAL USE OF CLOTHING People of Monaco are very stylish and fancy when it comes to clothing. They typically wear modern and designer clothing very similar to the style of the western and Mediterranean Europe, in particular, mostly the clothing of France and Italy. Monegasques are always dressed best in fashion whether they are just going out shopping, or going to a nice restaurant or casino.
Religion has very little influence on everyday clothing. For the most part, religious dress is casual, except for church, where it is required to dress in modesty, making sure women have shoulders and legs covered, and shorts are forbidden for both sexes. Formal dress is also required on special holidays such as the princes saint day celebration, when the finest and mostformal attire is usually required. Women normally wear hats andskirts or dresses, and men in tuxedos, dark suits, or uniforms. Of course State officials wear their medal-laden uniforms.
ConclusionThe culture of Monaco is very glamorous and extraordinary. From the famed Monte-Carlo Casino which is most famous for its debuts in the Bond movies, Never Say Never Again, GoldenEye, and Casino Royale. This beautiful city is a jewel of the world, Principauté de Monaco.
Questions1. Where was the name Monaco derived from?2. On what base are Monaco rituals built from?3. What did influence the most, interpersonal relation between sexes in present Monaco?4. Why do you think modern clothing in this small country is the same as it is in other big countries? (For example USA)5. Have you ever heard of Monaco before? Have you been interested in this country? Why or why not?
References Content: Kaija S.: Information about Monaco, Introductory and Conclusion slide Monaco Official Page (http://www.visitmonaco.com/en) (http://www.infoplease.com/ipa/A0107792.html) (http://www.lonelyplanet.com/france/monaco_) (http://monaco.me/monaco/about-monaco/) Stephanie S.: Gender Roles "Countries and Their Cultures." Culture of Monaco. Web. 21 Feb. 202012. <http://www.everyculture.com/Ma- Ni/Monaco.html>. "Monaco." Worldmark Encyclopedia of Nations. 07. Encyclopedia.com. 21 Feb. 2012<http://www.encyclopedia.com>. Porter, Lydia. "Women in Monaco | Monaco-IQ." Monaco-IQ. Web. 21 Feb. 2012. <http://www.monaco- iq.com/Women-in-Monaco>. Alina V.: Nonverbal Formal and Informal Use of Clothing ARNOLD, M. C. (2001). Monaco. In C. R. Ember & M. Ember (Eds.), Countries and Their Cultures (Vol. 3, pp. 1489-1497). New York: Macmillan Reference USA. Retrieved from http://go.galegroup.com/ps/i.do?id=GALE%7CCX3401700163&v=2.1&u=tacoma_comm&it=r&p=GPS&sw=w Campbell, S. (2006). Monaco. In T. Riggs (Ed.), Worldmark Encyclopedia of Religious Practices (Vol. 3, pp. 77-80). Detroit: Gale. Retrieved from http://go.galegroup.com/ps/i.do?id=GALE%7CCX3437900175&v=2.1&u=tacoma_comm&it=r&p=GPS&sw=w