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  1. 1. Cover Page Allen, new slide everytime you see **HIV/AIDS is not going away or slowing down unless we take action.African nations are not the only ones who should worry, HIV doesn’t discriminate.This shouldn’t be taken lightly!!!For this Presentation, imagine that you have been diagnosed with HIV and consider theimpact on your life on those who care about you.
  2. 2. *DescriptionHIV is the human immunodeficiency virus. It is the virus that can lead to acquired immune deficiency syndrome, or AIDS.CDC estimates that about 56,000 people in the United States contracted HIV in 2006.HIV damage a person’s body by destroying specific blood cells, called CD4+ T cells, which are crucial to helping the bodyfight diseaseAIDS is the late stage of HIV infection, Before the development of certain medications, people with HIV could progress toAIDS in just a few years. Currently, people can live much longer - even decades - with HIV before they develop AIDS. Thisis because of “highly active” combinations of medications that were introduced in the mid 1990s.*Signs and symptomsWithin a few weeks of being infected with HIV, some people develop flu-like symptoms that last for a week or two, butothers have no symptoms at all.People living with HIV may appear and feel healthy for several years. However, even if they feel healthy, HIV is stillaffecting their bodies.
  3. 3. *DX DiagnosisThe most commonly used HIV tests detect HIV antibodies – the substances the body creates in response to becominginfected with HIV.It can take some time for the immune system to produce enough antibodies for the test to detect, this time is called the“window period” During this time, the HIV virus transmition may be very high.Most people will develop antibodies that can be detected by the most commonly used tests in the United States within2 to 8 weeks of their infection. 97% will develop detectable antibodies in the first 3 months.
  4. 4. *Treatmentthree major treatments: reverse transcriptase (RT) inhibitors, protease inhibitors and fusion inhibitors.Every person who is HIV positive must work with his doctor to determine a treatment plan that istailored specifically to them. HIV carriers may require a mixture of the three medications listed*AftermathThe cost of care for an HIV/AIDS patient can grow to be astronomical, putting families in a difficultposition financiallyWhile current medications can dramatically improve the health of people living with HIV and slowprogression from HIV infection to AIDS, existing treatments need to be taken daily for the rest of aperson’s life, need to be carefully monitored, and come with costs and potential side effects. At thistime, there is no cure for HIV infectionMothers will have a high risk of passing the virus to their new born baby.
  5. 5. *CelebritiesFreddie Mercury from the band QueenOctober 8th was the last time Freddie Mercury performed on stage. At the time, he was terribly ill with AIDS, althoughhe didnt want people to know about it. He announced that fact the day before he died. Being ill he continued tocompose and record songs and even took part in making videos*Magic Johnson Laker GreatAfter announcing his infection in November 1991, Johnson created the Magic Johnson Foundation to help combat HIV.He was also the main speaker for the United Nations (UN) World AIDS Day Conference in 1999,[100] and has served as aUnited Nations Messenger of Peace
  6. 6. HIV had been associated with drug addicts and homosexuals,[99] but Johnsons campaigns sought to show that the risk ofinfection was not limited to those groups. Johnson stated that his aim was to "help educate all people about what [HIV]is about" and teach others not to "discriminate against people who have HIV and AIDS"To prevent his HIV infection from progressing to AIDS, Johnson takes a daily combination of drugs and has his ownnutritionist and works out but. He has lived with HIV for over 20 years but not all cases are like his.*DID YOU KNOWSThe first cases of AIDS were reported in the US in June of 1981. Since then, 1.7 million people in theU.S. are estimated to have been infected with HIV, including over 619,000 who have already diedHIV is spread primarily by: Not using a condom when having sex with a person who has HIV. All unprotected sex with someone who has HIV contains some risk Sharing needles, syringes, rinse water, or other equipment used to prepare illicit drugs for injection. Being born to an infected mother—HIV can be passed from mother to child during pregnancy, birth, or breast-feeding.
  7. 7. Less common modes of transmission include: Being “stuck” with an HIV-contaminated needle or other sharp object. This risk pertains mainly to healthcare workers. There is an extremely remote chance that HIV could be transmitted during “French” or deep, open-mouth kissing with an HIV-infected person if the HIV- infected person’s mouth or gums are bleeding.*HIV cannot reproduce outside the human body. It is not spread by: Air or water. Insects, including mosquitoes. Studies conducted by CDC researchers and others have shown no evidence of HIV transmission from insects. Saliva, tears, or sweat. There is no documented case of HIV being transmitted by spitting. Casual contact like shaking hands or sharing dishes. Closed-mouth or “social” kissing.
  8. 8. *National Statisticsan average of 40,000 to 80,000 new cases of HIV are reported each year in the U.S.Among reported AIDS cases in adolescents 13 to 19, 50% occur in African Americans, 28% in Caucasians and20% in Hispanics
  9. 9. ESTIMATED RATE OF NEW HIV INFECTIONS, 2009, BY GENDERAND RACE/ETHNICITY*It is estimated that half of all new infections are among people younger than 25. Estimated Number of Diagnoses of HIVAge (Years) Infection, 2009Under 13 166Ages 13-14 21Ages 15-19 2,036
  10. 10. Ages 20-24 6,237Ages 25-29 5,951Ages 30-34 5,020Ages 35-39 5,232Ages 40-44 5,519Ages 45-49 4,865Ages 50-54 3,323Ages 55-59 2,004Ages 60-64 900Ages 65 or older 736
  11. 11. *ConclusionThis can happen to anyone!!! Don’t think that just because your young it cant effect you.Think twice before you sleep with someone and avoid one night stands.Always use condoms and oral sex is still dangerous. Life is hard enough without a serious disease to bring you down.Spread the word to the coming generations, let them know that HIV/AIDS must be controlled and it all starts withawareness and prevention.