Geology Field Assignment A Trip to By: Kacy Clements Photo by: Kacy Clements
Condon Peak• Condon Peak is on the outskirts of Clear Creek Management Area (CCMA) and within Fresno County.• The peak reaches 4,970 feet.• It contains grassy Slopes covered in shrubs, pines and oaks.• Recreation includes: hiking, camping, hunting, stargazing and wildflower viewing. (blm.gov) Photo by: Kacy Clements
California Quail•The California Quail is not indigenous to all of the Northwest. Since becoming a game-bird, it has become widespread. •They live in brush for shelter. •They eat leaves, seed, fruit, and some insects, spiders and snails. •They have one brood of 12 to 16 cream-colored eggs per season. •They are New World Quail and were thought to be a part of the Phasianidae family (Old World quail, pheasants, partridges, and francolins) but in in 1990 Sibley found that they were from an early divergence from 63 million years ago in South America. •The plume on the head is called a top-knot and is used by the males to attract a mate. (bss.sfsu.edu)Photo by: Kacy Photo by:Clements backyardbirdshop.com Kingdom: Animalia Phylum: Chordata Class: Aves Order: Galliformes Family: Odontophoridae Genus: Callipepla Species: Callipepla californica
Mule Deer • They are named Mule Deer because their ears are “mule-like” however, they mainly rely on their sense of smell. • Mule deer are usually a dark grey- brown, with a small white rump patch and a small, thin, dropped, black tipped tail. • They have a particular high-bounce trot which helps them escape from predators. • They have one to two offspring at a time. • Mule deer evolved from blacktail bucks breeding with whitetail does.Photo from google.com (conservenature.org) Class: Mammalia Order: Artiodactyla Family: Cervidae Genus: Odocoileus Species: Odocoileus hemionus
Vesper Sparrow •They are found in open habitats like prairie, meadows, and pastures on the ground. • They have two to six eggs at a time and eat grasses, grains, and insects. •They are 5.1 to 6.3 inches long. •House Sparrows came to North America in 1852. Now sparrows have evolved into many different colors and subspecies all over the United States. •The sparrows in higher latitudes are larger and those who live in arid areas are paler. •They migrate to the southern states and Mexico. (birdweb.org)Photo by: Kacy Clements Photo from google.com Class: Aves Order: Passeriformes Family: Emberizidae Genus: Pooecetes Species: Pooecetes gramineus
Common•Blue Oak covers Name: Californis Blue Oakover 3 million Blue Oak, Ironacres. Oak, Mountain•The Scottish Whitebiologist David Oak, MountainDouglas named the Oakblue oak in 1831 for Genus: Quercusthe color of its Species:leaves. douglasii •Blue oaks•They can survivetemperatures evolved in theabove 100 F for early Cretaceousseveral weeks at a period and havetime and grow to evolved to drieraverage heights of and warmer30 feet. climates over the•With their root last 10 millionsystem, they are years.able to grow (http://bss.sfsu.ethrough cracks in du)rocks to depths of80 feet to reach Photo by:ground water. Kacy Clements•They are fire
Yucca Plant•Was used by NativeAmericans for basketweaving.•Was used for medicinalpurposes and to make soapand shampoo.•The flowers or pods from theplant were eaten.•The flowers range from 5 to13 cm long.•Yucca with fruit flowers inthe spring, starting in April toJuly. Order: Asparagales•Tiny Yucca moths and Yucca Family: Asparagaceaeplants evolved together. Genus: Yucca L.Since the moths are Species: Yuccasmall, they can fit into the baccataflowers and pollinate them.The larvae of the moths eatthe Yucca seeds.
Foothill Pine•The foothill pine’smaximum height whenmature is 80feet, produces largepinecones, and hasyellow flowers in spring.•The foothill pine wasonce called the DiggerPine because of the“Digger” Indians.•Also known as “BullPine”.•It is native and limited to Class: PinopsidaCalifornia and is found Order: Pinalesbetween 0 and 4500 feet Family: Pinaceaeelevation. Genus: Pinus L.(http://plants.usda.gov) Species:Pinus•The Pinus genusevolved 100 million years sabinianaago in the Cretaceousperiod. The individual Photo by:species evolved in the Kacy Clements
Sandstone My sample has a grainy look to it, and is a slightly yellow and brown color. It is smooth on•Sandstone is a clastic one side and jagged on the other, as if it hadsedimentary rock usually broken off a larger piece. It also looks like itcomposed of quartz or has parallel lines running across the smoothfeldspar. The cement holding portion, as if it was layered. Many of the grainsthem together is usually have different colors and seem as though theymade of calcite, clays, and are of different sediments.silica.•Was used by natives forbowls and is used fordomestic construction andhouse wares today.•How it is formed: Layers ofsand accumulate fromsedimentation from water orair and then it is compactedby pressure, turning it into Photo by: Kacy
GneissMy sample is fairly small andmostly black with swirls of white. Ithas cracks and is slightly coarsewith some tiny craters. Most of the Photo by: Kacyedges seem to have been rubbed Clementssmooth, maybe from being underwater so long ago, or from astream that dried up not so longago.•Gneiss is a widely distributedmetamorphic rock.•They are usually medium to coarseand have compositional banding due tohigh temperatures.•They are usually previously igneous orsedimentary rocks.•The parent rocks are usuallyshale, granite, or volcanic rocks.•hyperphysics.phy-astr.gsu.edu)
SiltstoneMy sample is small with a slightly Photo by: Kacy Clementsblue and green color. It has smallcraters and lines in it. The edges ofit are also smooth like they havebeen worn down. The texture isslightly coarse and bumpy and theblue streaks have a slight shine tothem.•Siltstone is a sedimentary rock primarilycomposed of silt particles.•It is finer than sandstone and morecoarse than claystone.•Coarse silt forms across laminations in acurrent while finer particles are usuallydeposited from suspension.(csmres.jmu.edu)
Fossils I also found quite a few shells within large clumps of sand and gravel. There were depressions from larger shells thatPhotos by: Kacy Clements had probably fallen off and smaller shells that were still stuck to the sand. I also found singular small shell that looked very old and had big clumps off hard sedimentary rock attached to the inside portion of the shell.