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  1. 1. Capacity Building in the Project for the Improvement of the Quality of Basic Education in Cameroon Doudou Camara Kaçandre Bourdelais
  2. 2. Context <ul><li>Gabon project postponed following the death of President Omar Bongo. </li></ul><ul><li>Ministry of Basic Education of Cameroon is planning to purchase 5000 XO with the support of the Islamic Development Bank. </li></ul><ul><li>UNESCO and PAQUEB adapted the ENS-Libreville/Laval University Pedagogical guide for the use of the XO and the Sugar environment in the Gabonese educational context . </li></ul>
  3. 3. Stakeholders <ul><li>Kids </li></ul><ul><li>Teachers </li></ul><ul><li>Principals </li></ul><ul><li>Parents </li></ul><ul><li>Community </li></ul><ul><li>National Inspectors </li></ul><ul><li>African Institute for Informatics (AII) </li></ul><ul><li>Educational Research Network for West and Central Africa (ERNWCA) </li></ul><ul><li>PAQUEB Team </li></ul><ul><li>UNESCO </li></ul>
  4. 4. Capacity Building <ul><li>Specifically, capacity-building encompasses the country's human, scientific, technological, organizational, institutional and resource capabilities. A fundamental goal of capacity-building is to enhance the ability to address the crucial questions related to policy choices and modes of implementation among development options, based on an understanding of environmental and cultural potentials, limits and of needs as perceived by the people of the country concerned. </li></ul><ul><li>United Nations. (1992). Earth summit agenda 21. The United Nations Programme of Action from Rio. United Nations Publication, New York . </li></ul>
  5. 5. Goals <ul><li>Training of teachers in the use and the pedagogical integration of the XO and ICT. </li></ul><ul><li>Empowering national inspectors for the sustainability of the project. </li></ul>
  6. 6. First week <ul><li>Initiating the discussion about the pedagogical integration of XO in the Cameroonian education system. </li></ul><ul><li>Training members of the African Institute for Informatics on technical components of a XO deployment in Cameroon. </li></ul>
  7. 7. Two weeks of intensive training <ul><li>With the collaboration of National Inspectors, ERNWCA members, AII and UNESCO, we initiated 462 teachers to the pedagogical integration of the XO across 5 learning centers in 5 different regions. </li></ul>
  8. 9. Training content <ul><li>A brief history of the use of technology in education (printing, slate, maps, rulers, etc.). </li></ul><ul><li>OLPC Core Principles </li></ul><ul><li>Hardware explanation </li></ul><ul><li>Sugar interface </li></ul><ul><li>Activities (Guided collaborative explor ation ) </li></ul><ul><li>Curriculum integration </li></ul>
  9. 10. Back in Yaoundé: our discussions <ul><li>Systemic approach. </li></ul><ul><li>Situating the XO development in learning sciences research. </li></ul><ul><li>Diffusion of innovation within the educational system. </li></ul><ul><li>Aligning the XO integration with other pedagogical innovations (competency-based curriculum, ICT use, project-based learning, etc.). </li></ul><ul><li>Pedagogical ICT integration. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Teach ICT use </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Teach with ICT </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Learn with the XO (formal and non-formal) </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Accompanying teachers in the change in practices. </li></ul><ul><li>Limits and potentials of the collaborative learning approach in Cameroon. </li></ul><ul><li>Align XO possibilities with the Cameroonian curriculum. </li></ul>
  10. 11. In-class experimentation <ul><li>As a teacher, how can we introduce the XO to kids? </li></ul><ul><li>How to manage a class using the XO in a collaborative project-based learning approach? </li></ul>
  11. 12. Overcome the lack in sustainability <ul><li>National Inspectors will support XO pedagogical integration. </li></ul><ul><li>Involvement of the Department of Educational technology of the Teacher Training College of Yaoundé </li></ul><ul><li>Planned an experimental project in Ebolowa pilot school with the 130 XO. </li></ul><ul><li>Supported by Laval University, national inspectors will document the deployment to produce a guide for other pilot schools. </li></ul>
  12. 13. Experimental project in Ebolowa pilot school
  13. 14. Achievements <ul><li>Initiated 462 teachers, principals and pedagogical counselors in the use and the pedagogical integration of the XO and ICT. </li></ul><ul><li>Empowered national inspectors for the sustainability of the 5000 XO deployment. </li></ul><ul><li>Planned an experimental project to document the whole process of deployment in the Cameroonian educational system. </li></ul>