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The brahmaputra river system


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The brahmaputra river system

  3. 3. Brahmaputra River – The Son Of Brahma A Hindu GodThe Brahmaputra river is one of the major rivers of Asia is a trans-boundary river. TheBrahmaputra river is about 2900 km long originate from western Tibet as as the Yarlung TsangpoRiver. This river flows through three countries – born in Tibet, flowing through India and then onto Bangladesh. It has many names - Tsangpo in Tibet, Lohit or Brahmaputra in India and Jamuna(not Yamuna of India) in Bangladesh. The waters of the River Brahmaputra are shared by China,India, and Bangladesh.
  4. 4. While most Indian and Bangladeshi rivers bear female names, this river has a rare male name, asit means "son of Brahma" in Sanskrit. The Brahmaputra is navigable for most of its length. Theriver is prone to catastrophic flooding in spring when the Himalayan snows melt. It is also one ofthe few rivers in the world that exhibit a tidal bore. In Bangladesh the river merges with theGanga and splits into two the Hugli and Padma River. When Brahmaputra river merges with theGanges and Meghna rivers it form the largest river delta in the world (60,000km2).
  5. 5. The Yarlung Tsangpo River (name of Brahmaputra river in Tibet), originates in the "JimaYangzong" glacier near Mount Kailash in the northern Himalayas. It then flows east for about1,700 kilometres (1,100 mi), at an average height of 4,000 metres (13,000 ft), the highest of themajor rivers in the world. In Tibet, the Tsangpo follows the suture line between the EurasianPlate and the Indian Plate . At its easternmost point, it bends around Mount Namcha Barwa andforms the Yarlung Zangbo Grand Canyon.
  6. 6. The Brahmaputra enters India in the state of Arunachal Pradesh fromTibet, where it is called "Siang". After a rapid descent from its originalheight in Tibet it finally appears in the plains, where it is called"Dihang". It flows for about 35 kilometres and is joined by the DibangRiver and the Lohit River at the head of the Assam Valley. Below theLohit the river is called Brahmaputra, enters the state of Assam andbecomes as wide as 10 kilometres in parts of Assam. It is joined inSonitpur by the Kameng River (or Jia Bhoreli). Between Dibrugarhand Lakhimpur districts the river divides into two channels—thenorthern "Kherkutia" channel and the southern Brahmaputrachannel. The two channels join again about 100 kilometres (62 mi)downstream forming the Majuli island, the largest river island inIndia. At Guwahati , near the ancient pilgrimage center of Hajo, theBrahmaputra river cuts through the rocks of the Shillong Plateaubecomes narrowest at 1 kilometre.
  7. 7. The Brahmaputra riverenters Bangladesh fromAssam.In Bangladesh, theBrahmaputra is joined bythe Teesta River (or tistariver), one of its largesttributaries. Below theTeesta, the Brahmaputrasplits into twodistributaries branches.The western larger branchcontinues due south asthe Jamuna to merge withthe lower Ganges, calledthe Padma River Theeastern smaller branch iscalled the lower or oldBrahmaputra join theMeghna River near Dhaka. The Padma and Meghnaconverge near Chandpurand flow out into the Bayof Bengal.
  8. 8. The Brahmaputra river upper course was long unknown, and its identity with the YarlungTsangpo was only established by exploration in 1884-86. This river is often called Tsangpo-Brahmaputra river. The lower reaches in Arunachal Pradesh and Assam are sacred to HindusUntil 1947, the Brahmaputra was used as a major waterway in India. In the 1990s, the stretchbetween Sadiya and Dhubri was declared as National Waterway No.2., and it provides facilitiesfor goods transportation. Recently years have seen a modest spurt in the growth of rivercruises.
  9. 9. There are many mythological stories on Brahmaputra river. The most popular one is about therivers birth in Kālikā Purāna. It describes how Lord Parashurama , one of the ten incarnationsof Lord Vishnu, got rid of his sin of beheading his own mother with an axe by taking bath in thissacred river. This place is presently known as Parashurām Kunda (about 25 km north of Tezu inLomita district in`Arunāchal Pradesh). In an another mythological story, Amogha wife of Sage Shantanu had a child by Brahma thecreator of the Universe. The child took the form of water. Shantanu placed the child right in themiddle of the four great mountains – Kailash, Gandhamadana, Jarudhi and Sambwartakka. Hegrew into a great lake, the Brahmakunda.The environment of the Brahmaputra floodplains in Assam have been described as theBrahmaputra Valley semi- evergreen forests ecoregion. Kaziranga National Park isapproximately 720 miles northeast of Kolkata in the Indian state of Assam. It lies in the floodplain of the Brahmaputra River across the central valley of Assam. The spring snow melt andsummer monsoon bring yearly floods to Kaziranga that enrich its grasslands and tropicalforests, enabling the park to support healthy populations of Bengal tigers, elephants, variousdeer, wild water buffalo, boar, monkeys, reptiles and birds (both migratory and local). Theparks most famous resident is the Great Indian one-horned rhinoceros, which is every bit asbig and burly as its African cousins.
  10. 10. The Indian rhino has been hunted extensively for its horn, which is still prized in the Chinese andVietnamese medicinal trade. Early in the 20th century, fewer than 200 Indian rhinos survived innortheast India and lowland Nepal. Today, through habitat preservation and protection fromhunting, that population has risen to more than 2,800. Seventy percent of these animals are inKaziranga.
  11. 11. Tsangpo River in TibetSpace ImagingsIKONOS satellite tookthis 1-meter colorimage of RainbowFalls and Hidden Fallsalong the TsangpoRiver May 9, 2000.
  12. 12. Hell or High Water : Surviving Tibets Tsangpo River.
  13. 13. Source of Brahmaputra River--- Ansi Glacier innorthern slope of Himalaya Range
  14. 14. The Yarlung -Tsangpo is theRiver in Tibet
  15. 15. Tibet Yarlung Tsangpo River, Tibet attractions
  16. 16. The hanging bridge on the Siang, as the Brahmaputra is ...
  17. 17. Namcha Barwa
  18. 18. Namcha Barwa
  19. 19. The Gorge of the Tsangpo River at Namcha Barva. Where the riverenters India with a ‘U’ turn
  20. 20. U turn at Namcha Barva
  21. 21. The placid Siang or the Dihang, as the Brahmaputra is called in ArunachalPradesh, flows quietly under an old-style swing bridge just before Tuting.
  22. 22. Wild Arunachal Dihang Dibang Biosphere Reserve
  23. 23. The 1,800 mile- (2,900 kilometer-) longBrahmaputra is one of the major riversof Asia. From its origin in southwesternTibet as the Yarlung Zangbo River, itflows across southern Tibet to breakthrough the Himalayas in great gorgesand into Arunachal Pradesh where it isknown as the Dihang.It then flows southwest through theAssam Valley as Brahmaputra and souththrough Bangladesh as the Jamuna.There it merges with the Ganges to forma vast delta.Here, the Bramhaputra River can beseen flowing through the Indian state ofAssam, northeast of Bangladesh. Assamis divided into two broad categoriesbased on the river’s flow, namely UpperAssam and Lower Assam. Upper Assamis located to the east and characterizedby highlands, while Lower Assam islocated to the west.
  24. 24. Braided stream in Assam
  25. 25. The Brahmaputras Braided streams in Assam are used for agriculture and settlements
  26. 26. River Kulsi is one of the tributaries of Brahmaputra where this wonderful photograph was shot
  27. 27. The Brahmaputra is known for its notorious nature of floodingIn this photo taken Thursday, Aug. 18, 2011, a crowd gather on a road washed out byfloodwaters at Dhemaji district, in the northeastern Indian state of Assam. The sudden swellingof four tributaries of Brahmaputra River in Dhemaji has inundated about 80 percent areas in thedistrict, as reported on Tuesday, and floodwaters submerged hundreds of villages in the districtleaving thousands of families homeless. (AP Photo)
  28. 28. Serene flows the Noa Dihing river inside Namdapha Game Sanctuary, a tributary of themighty Brahmaputra
  29. 29. This is river Teesta, a tributary of Brahmaputra. Mostly it is very calm and slopesgently down across Sikkim. It originates at Cho Lhamu Lake in North Sikkim and hitsthe plains near Sevoke in Bengal, where the Coronation Bridge has been constructedby the British. It is one of the most scenic rivers of that part of India.
  30. 30. Mayudia Source of Dibang river one of major tributary of Brahmaputra
  31. 31. The Manas River is a major tributary of the Brahmaputra River
  32. 32. The banks of the Lohit River, a tributary of the Brahmaputra . The Lohit River and the Dalai Rivermeet at this point
  33. 33. The Dibang River flows through the Indian state of Arunachal Pradesh.
  34. 34. Affected by floods with Brahmaputra and its tributaries survivors starting to recede today ..
  35. 35. Flood situation
  36. 36. Indian army soldiers rescue flood affected villagers in Phateki, 270 kilometers (169 miles) east ofGauhati on Monday. Nearly half a million people took refuge in relief camps set up in governmentbuildings after the devastating floods killed 95 people and left 14 missing in northeastern Assamstate.
  37. 37. Flood-affected people walk through a damaged road at Marigaon district in the northeasternIndian state of Assam on Tuesday. At least 77 people have been killed and nearly two millionaffected by heavy monsoon rains that caused floods in Assam, in what the prime minister onMonday called one of the worst such disasters to strike recently. The mighty Brahmaputra Riverand many of its tributaries have breach
  38. 38. Nurses get on to an army boat for the remote flood affected areas in the worst flood affectedSonitpur district of Assam state about 270 km from Guwahati city, India, on Tuesday. Over 80people have died as a result of the floods in Assam.
  39. 39. Four rivers flowing from Kailash then flow to the four quarters of the world and divide the worldinto four regions. In fact the Indus, Brahmaputra, Sutlej (a major Indus tributary) and the Karnali(a major Ganges tributary) all rise near the mountain, making it the hydrographic nexus of SouthAsia. The Ganges River also formed in this mountain.
  40. 40. The tributaries and rain which gives the volume to this might river. I dont think we need toexplain Brahmaputra here. North East receives heaviest rainfall in India.
  41. 41. Majuli:Indias largest river island
  42. 42. It is considered the largest freshwater river-island in the world
  43. 43. Mishing tribal village house, Majuli Island, largest freshwater riverine .
  44. 44. Brahmaputra River (Bangladesh)
  45. 45. The smallest amount of bhut jolokia can flavour a sauce so intensely it’s barely edible. Taking asmall bite will cause watering eyes and a runny nose. Frontal Agritech in Assam, India had theirlocally grown Bhut Jolokia chilies HPLC-tested and reported a value of 1,041,427 Scoville HeatUnits, giving two independent results for Bhut Jolokia with no significant variation betweenthem. (Capsicum chinense Jacq) £3.50 for 10 seeds