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 Civil disobedience is the active, professed
refusal to obey certain laws, demands, or
commands of a government, or of an...
 On 31st January 1930, Mahatma Gandhi sent a
letter to Viceroy Irwin stating 11 wide-ranging
demands that involved all cl...
 Gandhi said that if his demands were not fulfilled
by 11th March, he would launch a Civil
Disobedience Campaign.
 Irwin...
 People were now asked not only to refuse
cooperation, as they had done during the
Non-Cooperation Movement in 1921-22,
b...
As the Movement spread, foreign cloth
was boycotted, and liquor shops were
picketed.
Peasants refused to pay revenue and...
• Worried by the Movement, the colonial
government began arresting Congress leaders
one by one, leading to violent clashes...
» When Mahatma Gandhi himself was
arrested, industrial workers in Sholapur
attacked police posts, municipal buildings,
law...
ø In such a situation, Gandhiji decided to call
off the Movement and entered into a pact
with Irwin on 5th March 1931.
ø H...
* When he came back to India, Gandhiji
discovered that Jawaharlal Nehru and Ghaffar
Khan were both in jail.
* The Congress...
Civil Disobedience Movement
Civil Disobedience Movement
Civil Disobedience Movement
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Civil Disobedience Movement

Powerpoint presentation on The Civil Disobedience Movement in India led by the Father of the nation, Mahatma Gandhi from 1930-1934.

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Civil Disobedience Movement

  1. 1.  Civil disobedience is the active, professed refusal to obey certain laws, demands, or commands of a government, or of an occupying international power.  Civil disobedience is sometimes, though not always, defined as being nonviolent resistance.
  2. 2.  On 31st January 1930, Mahatma Gandhi sent a letter to Viceroy Irwin stating 11 wide-ranging demands that involved all classes of the Indian society. The most stirring of all was the demand to abolish the Salt Tax.  Salt was something consumed by rich and poor alike and the Salt Tax and the Government monopoly on salt production revealed the most oppressive face of British rule.
  3. 3.  Gandhi said that if his demands were not fulfilled by 11th March, he would launch a Civil Disobedience Campaign.  Irwin was unwilling to negotiate and so Gandhiji started his famous Dandi March with 78 volunteers and walked 240 miles from Sabarmati to Dandi in 24 days.  On 6th April, he reached Dandi and ceremonially violated the law, manufacturing salt by boiling sea water. This marked the beginning of the Civil Disobedience Movement.
  4. 4.  People were now asked not only to refuse cooperation, as they had done during the Non-Cooperation Movement in 1921-22, but also break colonial laws.  Thousands of people in different parts of the country broke the Salt Law and demonstrated in front of government salt factories.
  5. 5. As the Movement spread, foreign cloth was boycotted, and liquor shops were picketed. Peasants refused to pay revenue and chaukidari taxes and village officials resigned. In many places, people violated forest laws by going into Reserved Forests to collect wood and graze cattle.
  6. 6. • Worried by the Movement, the colonial government began arresting Congress leaders one by one, leading to violent clashes at many places. • When Abdul Ghaffar Khan, a devout disciple of Mahatma Gandhi was arrested in April 1930, angry crowds demonstrated in the streets of Peshawar, facing armoured cars and police firing. Many were killed.
  7. 7. » When Mahatma Gandhi himself was arrested, industrial workers in Sholapur attacked police posts, municipal buildings, law courts and railway stations – all structures that symbolized the British rule. » A frightened government responded with brutal repression, Peaceful Satyagrahis were attacked, women and children were beaten up and about 1,00,000 people were arrested.
  8. 8. ø In such a situation, Gandhiji decided to call off the Movement and entered into a pact with Irwin on 5th March 1931. ø He agreed to participate in the Second Round Table Conference in London and the Government agreed to release the political prisoners. ø Gandhiji went to London for the Conference, but the negotiations broke down and he returned disappointed.
  9. 9. * When he came back to India, Gandhiji discovered that Jawaharlal Nehru and Ghaffar Khan were both in jail. * The Congress had been declared illegal, and a series of measures had been imposed to prevent meetings, demonstrations and boycotts. * Gandhiji relaunched the Civil Disobedience Movement. For over a year, the movement continued, but by 1934, it lost its momentum.

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